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For the song "Akuma no Mi", see Akuma no Mi (song).

Devil Fruits are mysterious, distinctive fruits scattered throughout the world, known for granting their eaters permanent superhuman powers and an equally permanent inability to swim.

As a whole, Devil Fruits encompass hundreds of different powers, from the (apparently) mundane to the inherently mass-destructive. These fruits are broadly grouped into three classes: Paramecia, which offers a vast array of strange abilities; Zoan, which allows users to transform into animals or animal hybrids; and Logia, which grants users the power to become and control natural elements.

Devil Fruits have empowered many of the world's most significant individuals, especially among the Three Great Powers. This, along with their general rarity, causes them to be highly sought-after; single specimens may be valued at hundreds of millions in Belly, and extensive efforts have been made to mass-produce artificial versions for warfare. With only one notable exception, an individual can only acquire the powers of a single Devil Fruit and survive.


They say that the Devil Fruit was enchanted by sea devils. Whoever eats it gets amazing powers, but the seas turn against them...
— Shanks discussing one of the myths behind Devil Fruits.[1]

Gigantic tidal waves created by the power of a Devil Fruit.

After being consumed, a Devil Fruit gives the consumer a superpower or special trait, which they will soon become aware of; a person who has eaten a Devil Fruit and gained its powers is known as a Devil Fruit User (能力者 Nōryoku-sha?, lit. "Power User" or "Esper")[2] There are more than 100 different Devil Fruits in the world, but only one of each Devil Fruit exists.[3][4] Additionally, all Devil Fruits are known to taste very bad and cause the consumer to permanently lose their ability to swim.[5]

It is currently unknown what exactly Devil Fruits are, where they came from, or exactly how they work. What is known about them is that the powers within affect the eater's Lineage Factor.[6] The fruits come in all different shapes and colors, though all the Devil Fruits seen so far have possessed swirl marks or patterns.[7] The only known exceptions are artificial Devil Fruits, which have ring patterns on them.[8] The oldest introduced Devil Fruit user is Kozuki Toki, who was born 800 years ago, meaning Devil Fruits have existed in the world for at least eight centuries.[9]

Becoming a Devil Fruit user only takes one bite.

Only one bite is needed for the user to gain the power of the Devil Fruit, after which the Devil Fruit becomes a simple, useless, disgusting fruit. Despite this, the majority of those who have consumed a Devil Fruit have eaten the entire fruit, as they appear to be unaware of this fact.[10] Furthermore, the consumer gains the powers and drawbacks of the fruit immediately after the fruit is swallowed, without needing to wait for the fruit to digest.[11][12]

A person can only eat a single Devil Fruit in their entire life; any attempt to gain a second Devil Fruit power will cause the consumer's body to be torn apart to such a degree that little trace is left of it, resulting in their death. The reason for this is currently unknown; Jabra heard that an actual devil lives inside each fruit and transfers to a fruit user's body upon consumption and would fight with the devil inhabiting another fruit if they were to meet within the same body, but this rumor is said to have been debunked by science.[13]

Notably, there is a method that would allow one to steal the Devil Fruit powers from the dead body of a deceased Devil Fruit user. The details of this method are currently unknown. The only ones who know this method are Marshall D. Teach and his crew.

Devil Fruits when first described by Morgan.

Because encounters with Devil Fruits are rare (especially outside the Grand Line), several rumors about them have risen, making it difficult to tell between fact or fiction; some dismissed Devil Fruits as myths until actually getting to see one in action. The average person knows nothing or very little about what they are or what they do; this especially applies to people in isolated countries, even within the Grand Line, such as the people of Wano Country and even Princess Shirahoshi of Fish-Man Island, as none of them know about Devil Fruits, instead believing the powers bestowed to users are curses[14] or sorcery.[15] Relatedly, Devil Fruits may also lead to the user being considered a "freak" and treated as an outcast. This treatment is due to some of the abilities considered far too strange or frightening for normal people to accept.[16] In many cases, Devil Fruit users are considered a different race altogether, and with good reason.

Many Devil Fruit users have their own titles, such as Rubber Human (ゴム人間 Gomu Ningen?), Magma Human (マグマ人間 Maguma Ningen?), or Human Reindeer (人間トナカイ Ningen Tonakai?). As seen with these examples, the title is usually the type of ability followed by the species (or, in the case of items that have eaten Zoan fruits, the object they originally were). The sole known exception is the user of the Kage Kage no Mi, who gains the title of Ruler of Shadows (影の支配者 Kage no Shihaisha?).

Devil Fruit powers can extend through the user's clothing.

Notably, Devil Fruit powers generally extend through the clothes the user wears. The clothes and bodies of Paramecia users are automatically altered (for example, Luffy's shirt has never burst a button when his torso is inflated in Gear Third, Mr. 1's pants become blades along with his legs, etc.), Zoan users' clothes will fit in the same proportions after their transformation (Chopper's hat grew big when he was in Monster Point, Jabra's shoes are stretched when in hybrid form), and Logia users transform their clothes (and subsequent accessories) into their element along with themselves. Oda explained in an SBS once that if he had done it realistically, the manga would have too much unnecessary nudity.[17] This rule also applies to cyborg enhancements and prosthetic body parts. An example of this is Queen's artificial arm, which transforms into a brachiosaurus leg when he takes his brachiosaurus form.[18] However, some users do not seem to adhere to this, such as Jewelry Bonney, whose clothes do not change proportionally to their powers.[19]

Interestingly, although eating a Devil Fruit affects the consumer's genetic blueprint, it causes no abnormalities in the user's children. An example is the Charlotte Family; though its matriarch, Charlotte Linlin, has Devil Fruit powers, none of her children were born with powers of their own. Furthermore, even though the parents cannot consume a second Devil Fruit, a Devil Fruit user's children who don’t already have powers can consume Devil Fruits of their own without dying, should the opportunity present itself.

Devil Fruits have been the source of power for some of the strongest people of the current generation in the world, including rookie pirate crews, the Marine admirals, the Seven Warlords of the Sea, and at least three Emperors, Blackbeard, Big Mom, and Kaidou.

Because of their power, Devil Fruits are highly sought after by the government and the Underworld, among many other parties. If sold, they can expect to fetch well over Beli.png100,000,000,[1] and Devil Fruit users themselves are sold at market prices the same way slaves are.[20] Of course, individual Devil Fruits each have their differences in price, depending on the powers bestowed, as the Ope Ope no Mi is worth over Beli.png5,000,000,000 on the black market.[21]

One of the strongest organizations in the world consists of multiple Devil Fruit users.

They are relatively common in the Grand Line compared to the four blues.[22] A typical pirate crew in the Grand Line will often center around a captain with Devil Fruit powers (such as the Bellamy Pirates, the Bliking Pirates, or the Foxy Pirates). In contrast, stronger crews and organizations will often contain multiple Devil Fruit users (such as the Whitebeard Pirates, the Big Mom Pirates, the Beasts Pirates, the Donquixote Pirates, Baroque Works, or the Marines). Two Emperors (Blackbeard and Kaidou) have gone out of their way to gather as many Devil Fruits as possible using their unique methods. In fact, since entering the Grand Line, nearly every single major opponent that Luffy has faced had a Devil Fruit ability, while in the East Blue, he only faced three.[23][24]


You learn the name of the fruit when you gain its power, but it's a gamble as to what kind of power you'll gain.
— Kaku on his and Kalifa's unidentified Devil Fruits.[25]

The Devil Fruit Encyclopedia owned by the Vinsmoke Family.

There is a Devil Fruit Encyclopedia (悪魔の実図鑑 Akuma no Mi Zukan?) that lists the names and powers of all the Devil Fruits. However, only a few have illustrations, meaning that most Devil Fruits cannot be identified by their appearance. For example, the Gomu Gomu no Mi and the Yami Yami no Mi had pictures and could be recognized before consumption,[26][27] whereas the Awa Awa no Mi and the Ushi Ushi no Mi, Model: Giraffe did not, and could only be identified by the abilities they granted.[25] This would imply that the information in the book is incomplete and that there are still Devil Fruits out there with attributes that have yet to be documented.

One individual known to utilize this book is Blackbeard, who, in his search for the Yami Yami no Mi, memorized its shape from the illustration provided.[27] The Vinsmoke Family also has a copy of the encyclopedia,[28] which Sanji read, causing him to become interested in the Suke Suke no Mi.[29]

Types of Devil Fruit

All Devil Fruits are categorized into three types/classes.


The most common of the three Devil Fruit types, Paramecia-type Devil Fruits grant their users superhuman powers other than being able to change into animals or natural elementals; these powers include shock wave generation and locking onto targets. Paramecia Fruits can alter features of the user's body, granting them a slippery physique, the ability to split their own body into pieces harmlessly or a body of blades. Some Paramecia Fruits allow the user to modify the people, objects, and environment around them by making things levitate or turning people into toys. Finally, some fruits exist that can allow users to generate and manipulate substances, like wax and poison.


The users of Zoan-type Devil Fruits gain the ability to transform into an animal, as well as transform into a hybrid form of their own species and the species the fruit allows them to transform into. Unlike other Devil Fruits, Zoans are said to have a will of their own. A recently discovered science allows Zoan Fruits to be integrated into objects, bringing the object to life and granting it the standard Zoan transformations. Carnivorous animal Zoans are better suited for combat.

Aside from most Zoans that transform their users into animals that currently exist, there are three known sub-classifications:

  • Ancient - Zoan Fruits that allow the user to transform into an extinct species, such as dinosaurs. Ancient Zoans are rare, and they appear to be stronger than regular Zoans.
  • Mythical - Zoan Fruits that allow the user to transform into mythological creatures, such as a dragon or a phoenix. Mythical Zoan animals tend to have special powers, like a phoenix Zoan being able to generate flames that have healing powers. Mythical Zoans are the rarest type of Devil Fruit, even more so than Logias.
  • Artificial - Artificially created Zoan Fruits that cause the user to permanently take on an animal characteristic; though, much more rarely, the user becomes able to transform at will. The artificial Zoan Fruits had a 10% success rate, while the other 90%, in addition to not gaining animal traits and losing the ability to swim, were stripped of the ability to express negative emotions, leaving them only able to smile and laugh, regardless of how they actually feel. These artificial Devil Fruits, known as SMILEs, were developed by Caesar Clown and Donquixote Doflamingo. Another version was developed by Vegapunk.[30][31][32]


The rarest and most powerful of the three Devil Fruit types, Logia-type Devil Fruits allow their users to create, control, and transform their body into a natural element, such as smoke, sand, fire, lightning, ice, light, magma, mud, snow, plants and even darkness. There are also Logias that can transform the user into artificial elements like paper or candy syrup, but these are considered non-canon.

The elemental transformation effectively makes the user intangible, as well as allowing the user to remain in control of their body, even when it is broken into pieces. They also gain every ability related to that element, such as sand being able to absorb moisture or light being able to travel at light speed. The darkness element has the unique ability to nullify all other Devil Fruit powers on contact.


There are Devil Fruits whose classes have yet to be identified:


  • Laffitte's unnamed Devil Fruit allows him to sprout angelic wings and utilize them to fly.
  • Karasu's unnamed Devil Fruit allows him to turn his body and clothes into a murder of crows.


  • Meta Meta no Mi: Allows the user to control liquid metal, making them a Liquid Metal Human (液体金属人間 Ekitai Kinzoku Ningen). It was eaten by Graydle.
  • Zuma Zuma no Mi: Allows the user to control plasma, making the user a Plasma Human (プラズマ人間 Purazuma Ningen). It was eaten by Smash.

Devil Fruit Count

Canon Non-Canon SBS Total
Paramecia 82 * 39 3 124
Zoan 44 * 7 0 51
Logia 12 3 0 15
Undetermined 2 2 0 4
Total Devil Fruits 140 51 3 194


Natural Devil Fruits

Devil Fruits exist in a cycle of reincarnation; when a Devil Fruit user dies, their ability is reborn in a new fruit.[33] Instead of growing from a plant, the ability simply regenerates inside another similar fruit which then transforms into the Devil Fruit in question. When this happens, the empowered fruit changes its appearance. Some characteristics of a fruit's transformation into a Devil Fruit include the distinct spiral patterns, a curly stem, and a color change.[34]

It is currently unknown whether or not a Devil Fruit still returns into circulation if the power is stolen from a previous user post-mortem.

Artificial Devil Fruit

SMILE Devil Fruits have been shown to grow on trees, groomed by the Dwarves of the Tontatta Kingdom under the Donquixote Pirates' coercion. Unlike regular Devil fruits, the SMILE are more traditional fruits that are transformed over time.[35]


Devil Fruit Reincarnation.png
The Devil Fruit reincarnation cycle.
A Devil Fruit is Created.gif
Incomplete SMILE Fruits.png
SMILE Fruits mid-growth.

Devil Fruit Powers that Returned into Circulation

Devil Fruit Last Possessor(s) Circumstances Status
Mera Mera no Mi Portgas D. Ace Killed by Sakazuki. Fruit obtained by Donquixote Doflamingo, offered as a prize in the Corrida Colosseum, and then won and eaten by Sabo.
Gura Gura no Mi Edward Newgate Killed by the Blackbeard Pirates. Power obtained by Marshall D. Teach using an unknown method.
Sara Sara no Mi, Model: Axolotl Smiley Devoured candy and transformed into Shinokuni. Last seen on Punk Hazard.
Yuki Yuki no Mi Monet Inadvertently killed by Caesar Clown. Unknown status.
Ope Ope no Mi Unnamed doctor Died for an unknown reason. Fruit eventually obtained by Diez Barrels, stolen by Donquixote Rosinante, and force fed to Trafalgar Law.
Nagi Nagi no Mi Donquixote Rosinante Killed by Donquixote Doflamingo. Unknown status.
Soru Soru no Mi Carmel Mysteriously disappeared, but confirmed to be dead. Power obtained by Charlotte Linlin through unknown means.
Toki Toki no Mi Kozuki Toki Shot by the Beasts Pirates. Unknown status.
Suke Suke no Mi Absalom Killed by the Blackbeard Pirates. Fruit obtained and eaten by Shiryu.
Mane Mane no Mi Kurozumi Higurashi Killed by Kaidou. Fruit eventually obtained and eaten by Bentham.
Bari Bari no Mi Kurozumi Semimaru Died for an unknown reason. Fruit eventually obtained and eaten by Bartolomeo.
Hebi Hebi no Mi, Model: Yamata no Orochi Kurozumi Orochi Beheaded by Kaidou, then beheaded another six times by the Nine Red Scabbards, and a final time by Denjiro. Unknown status.
Ushi Ushi no Mi, Model: Giraffe Unnamed New World pirate.  Killed by Marshall D. Teach. Fruit eventually obtained by Spandam and was given to and eaten by Kaku.
Gutsu Gutsu no Mi  Bill Died when Silver Mine was destroyed. Unknown status.
* Note: While the Mini Mini no Mi and Gutsu Gutsu no Mi were used by two different users (Blyue and Lily Enstomach ate the Mini Mini no Mi and Lambor Bukini and Bill ate the Gutsu Gutsu no Mi), it is not to be assumed that either had died and that the fruit respawned, as all users and both fruits are non canon.

Strengths and Weaknesses

Benefits of Consumption

Whatever power you gain, it depends on how you use it. You probably won't get any weaker, and being unable to swim isn't such a big deal.
— Rob Lucci on Devil Fruit powers.[5]

Devil Fruit powers can permanently alter the climate of an island.

The main attraction of eating a Devil Fruit is the power bestowed to the user upon ingestion. Some powers are good for support, such as healing others, enhancing senses, and turning objects into food. Many of these powers are advantageous in combat, such as enhanced physical strength, various unique attacks, and even control over the forces of nature. More often than not, the benefits and uses bestowed by a Devil Fruit far outweigh the loss of the ability to swim.

Devil Fruit powers are so varied and mysterious that the powers gained from eating one can serve purposes that may transcend normal limits. One such example is that a certain Devil Fruit was able to cure an otherwise incurable disease.[36]

Regardless of what power one receives, even ones that would normally be considered "weird" or "useless", can be utilized as a highly valuable asset both in and out of combat. If nothing else, eating a Devil Fruit will not weaken its user, as Rob Lucci noted. What matters is the strength, skill, and creativity of the user.

Additionally, since each Devil Fruit user possesses a unique ability, they each require different countermeasures to deal with them, outside of the standard Devil Fruit weaknesses of Seastone and the inability to swim. As such, Devil Fruit users with odd or unfamiliar powers are very tricky to deal with in a fight. The standard approach is to take a step back and experiment with different means of attack against the Devil Fruit user.[37]

Another advantage of Devil Fruit powers is that many places and people lack information about them, resulting in the belief that the powers are some kind of magic or curse. The user can utilize these misconceptions on how the power was achieved to manipulate individuals for the user's purposes.[38][39]

Devil Fruit powers are highly coveted, with many sailors spending their entire lives seeking out just one specific Devil Fruit. However, most of these seekers often end up disappointed or dead.

The subject of which Devil Fruit is the most powerful is up for debate. Some Devil Fruits have noticeable strengths, such as the Magu Magu no Mi, a Devil Fruit with extremely high offensive power, or the Gura Gura no Mi, which is said to be able to destroy the entire world. However, as mentioned above, the strength of a Devil Fruit ultimately depends on the user.

Consequences of Consumption

You could sell them for hundreds of millions! One bite could plague you for life!!
— Jabra's warning to Kalifa and Kaku.[5]

A Wano Country citizen referring to their Paramecia power as a Jutsu.

Despite all of their beneficial attributes, Devil Fruits have several downsides. One such downside is that so little is really known about them. In some cases, an entire society can be completely unaware of the existence of Devil Fruits. Due to this lack of information, and with some Devil Fruits still being unknown, the average consumer is effectively gambling when consuming one, without knowing what powers the Devil Fruit will grant, potentially resulting in a power that is difficult for that particular person to work with.

Even if the power that Devil Fruit user gains is useful, a Devil fruit user doesn't automatically have control over their powers. All Devil Fruit users must train to learn how to activate, control, and use their power. This process could potentially put the Devil Fruit user in a painful and/or humiliating position.

Another downside is that, while many citizens can be fascinated by people with powers,[40] others may consider a Devil Fruit user to be "a freak", "a monster", or even "a devil". With no way of removing the power, a Devil Fruit user may end up leading a miserable life full of discrimination from those around them.[16]

Weakness to Water

Submerged Devil Fruit users will lose their strength.

The most prominent consequence of eating a Devil Fruit is the weakness to seawater: the sea hates and rejects Devil Fruit users, causing them to become weak and helpless while submerged in water, also referred to as "becoming a hammer (カナヅチ kanazuchi?)".[1] Though this weakness is usually referred to as the inability to swim, a more accurate definition is that the seawater itself is the weakness. The inability to move their body in the sea is simply a byproduct of their weakness.

In a world made up almost entirely of ocean, being weak against the sea can prove deadly to many Devil Fruit users, such as pirates and Marines sailing on the Grand Line.

Oda stated in an SBS that Devil Fruit users are susceptible to all types of water, not just seawater.[41] This includes the white sea surrounding Skypiea. He elaborated on this, saying that "moving" water, like rain or waves, does not weaken Devil Fruit users, while standing water, like lakes or rivers, does. This was also shown first when Monkey D. Luffy was in the Dance Powder-induced rain and did not feel his power slipping away, and again when on Zou, when the seawater that Zunesha used to shower did not affect him despite being seawater as it was "moving" water.[42]

Devil Fruit users standing in water, powerless, but still able to move due to not being submerged deep enough.

One of the greatest dangers created by a Devil Fruit user's weakness to water is the risk of drowning, which opponents can take advantage of in order to kill even the strongest of Devil Fruit users. However, it should be noted that the risk of drowning only applies to a Devil Fruit user if they cannot breathe underwater; as fish-man and merfolk Devil Fruit users are capable of breathing underwater, they are not subject to this risk. However, even if a Devil Fruit user can survive underwater without drowning, they will still be rendered unable to move. This immobility would make such users vulnerable to underwater dangers, such as ocean predators, as they would be incapable of defending themselves. Oda stated in an SBS that it is not until a Devil Fruit user has at least half their body in water that they become immobilized. This is seen when the Gorgon sisters and Luffy in Boa Hancock's bath were still able to move. Brook was also seen slowly losing his strength as the water levels increased in the floods in Ryugu Palace, demonstrating that being in contact with the sea does not instantly rob their strength unless it reaches a certain level.[43]

Another danger is that if even only a part of the user's body is submerged in water, they cannot use their Devil Fruit powers, no matter how much or how little is submerged. However, if the user's body has been permanently altered by the fruit, then the user's ability can be manipulated by outside sources; e.g., when Luffy was knocked into and sunk to the bottom of the pool at Arlong Park, Genzo and Nojiko dove underwater and stretched his neck so his head would be above water, allowing him to respirate. However, it should be noted that just being wet is not enough to induce weakness and nullify the user's powers; the same is true for water inside the Devil Fruit user's body, such as water that the user drinks, as seen when Luffy used Water Luffy, he and his powers were not affected in any way by the water in his body or the water covering his fists.[44][45]

It should also be noted that although all Devil Fruit users are weak against water, the power itself may still work underwater (for example, Galdino can survive underwater by creating a bowl of wax surrounding him, and the keys he creates can be used to open Seastone handcuffs). Luffy was also shown after the timeskip to be able to use Gear 2 underwater, but it did greatly reduce the strength of his attacks.

Devil Fruit powers will work underwater as long as the user does not actually touch the water.

Despite the weakness to water, a Devil Fruit user will only be affected by the water if he or she is physically touching it. Not touching the water itself will allow the user to be unaffected, even if submerged, as shown when the Monster Trio used diving gear to reach the sunken St. Briss[46] and again when the same trio coated themselves in Yarukiman Tree Resin bubbles to battle the Kraken.

Aside from the common weakness of becoming paralyzed in still water that all Devil Fruit users share, many powers also have a further weakness to water, having their abilities dampened[47][48][49] or even outright washed away upon contact.[50][51][52]

In addition to the weakness to actual water, there is a substance known as Seastone, a special, near-indestructible substance that emits the same energy as the sea, referred to as the sea in solid form. Coming into contact with Seastone has the same effect on Devil Fruit users as falling into the water, canceling out the Devil Fruit user's powers and weakening the Devil Fruit user to the point where they cannot move. The Marines use this to their advantage when imprisoning pirates in Impel Down. Although, a Devil Fruit user can resist and even ignore the weakening effect if they have enough physical endurance.[53] It is currently unknown if a Devil Fruit user could resist the weakening effect of actual water in the same manner.

Superiority and Unpredictability

Getting careless because you're a Logia type? You're just fire. My magma can even burn you! My powers are far superior to yours!
— Akainu explaining how he was able to harm Ace.[54]

Fire and ice canceling each other out.

While the strength and capabilities of a Devil Fruit are ultimately determined by the strength and skill of the user, some Devil Fruit powers react in certain ways against each other, regardless of the user's capabilities. In some cases, one Devil Fruit has natural superiority over another, resulting in a significant advantage in combat. Aside from this rule of superiority, other Devil Fruit powers can react to each other in all kinds of unpredictable manners.

List of Confirmed Superiorities

Some Devil Fruits of similar powers have been confirmed to be in a relationship of superiority and inferiority. In a fight between the two, the one with the superior power is almost certain to win. Though, this in no way means that the user of the superior power is stronger than the inferior's user.[55]

Superior Devil Fruit Inferior Devil Fruit Ability Differences
Magu Magu no Mi Mera Mera no Mi Forms of heat Magma is of a higher order than fire.
Ton Ton no Mi Kiro Kiro no Mi Body weight control The increase in weight by metric tons, which is 1000 kilograms.
Hie Hie no Mi Yuki Yuki no Mi Frozen states of water Ice is a more effective freezing agent than snow.
Buki Buki no Mi Supa Supa no Mi Weapon production The Supa Supa no Mi is limited to blades, while the Buki Buki no Mi can create all forms of weaponry.

List of Seen Unpredictability

In many cases, outside of the above-mentioned rule of superiority, there is no way to tell how Devil Fruit powers will fare when pitted against one other.[56] A Devil Fruit user who usually dominates all other powers can sometimes be brought down by a power typically considered "weak" in comparison.

Devil Fruits Effect
Mera Mera no Mi Moku Moku no Mi/
Hie Hie no Mi
Mutual cancellation.[57][58]
Mochi Mochi no Mi/
Ame Ame no Mi 
Gomu Gomu no Mi Gomu Gomu no Mi techniques are matched, mimicked, and suppressed.[59][60][61]
Gomu Gomu no Mi Goro Goro no Mi Gomu Gomu no Mi user's rubber-like body is immune to electricity and can make physical contact with Goro Goro no Mi user's lightning body without the need for Haki.[62]
Doru Doru no Mi Doku Doku no Mi Doru Doru no Mi's wax can block the Doku Doku no Mi's basic poison, though not its most potent poison.[63]
Hana Hana no Mi Nuke Nuke no Mi  Hana Hana no Mi user's appendages can grab and constrain Nuke Nuke no Mi's user.[64]
Yomi Yomi no Mi Soru Soru no Mi Yomi Yomi no Mi's user's soul energy can forcefully release souls from regular Homies, though not from Special Homies.[65]
Memo Memo no Mi Soru Soru no Mi Original soul owner's memories briefly return to Homies affected by the Memo Memo no Mi.[66]
Kibi Kibi no Mi SMILE Tama can tame the 10% of SMILE users who gained animal powers.[67]


I've worked hard to develop my Devil Fruit powers. I can use them to make any weapon I want...unlike some fools who are satisfied with their powers as they are. I continually condition myself and improve my skills!!
— Crocodile describes how training can improve Devil Fruit powers.[68]

After consuming a Devil Fruit, the user does not automatically have mastery over their powers and must train themselves to properly use their new powers. The more the user understands their capabilities, the greater the variety of techniques they can utilize. Furthermore, while uncommon, if the user becomes physically ready to handle the fruit's full potential, the fruit will awaken and grant an extended pool of abilities. Those who cannot harness their Devil Fruit power well will not be able to utilize their abilities to the fullest.

Luffy took some time to perfect his elastic attacks.

Different people take different amounts of time to master their powers. For example, Luffy spent years learning to use the Gomu Gomu no Mi, whereas Kalifa and Kaku only took hours to get used to their new abilities after consuming their Devil Fruits. Sabo trained with his Mera Mera no Mi ability at Baltigo days after Doflamingo's downfall, indicating that Sabo was still trying to understand its power. Brook himself took around 50 years to finally understand the full potential of his Yomi Yomi no Mi, earning his title of Soul King.

Proficiency also relates to the user's stamina. Before Chopper improved his Monster Point, he had to rest for at least three hours after the Rumble Ball effect had subsided. When exhausted, one cannot use their powers properly and must regain strength.


Listen closely, boy. There is another stage entirely to the powers of a Devil Fruit: awakening!!! It's very rare, but some powers can awaken and affect objects aside from the wielder!!!
— Donquixote Doflamingo to Monkey D. Luffy on the new power he is displaying.[69]

Devil Fruit powers can, in rare instances, achieve "Awakening" (覚醒 kakusei?), significantly increasing the user's abilities. According to Kaidou, awakening occurs when a Devil Fruit’s user’s mind and body catch up to their powers.[70] When a Devil Fruit's power is awakened, the increased abilities have been seen to allow significantly greater power, more refined control, and new abilities that would otherwise not be possible. The effects of the awakening depend on the type of Devil Fruit.

It has been noted that it takes time to fully master awakened powers; if they are not fully mastered, they can still be used, but they take a serious toll on the user's stamina.

Minotaurus Minokoala Minorhinoceros Minozebra Monkey D. Luffy *
Donquixote Doflamingo Charlotte Katakuri Trafalgar D. Water Law Eustass Kid
Paramecia (Non-Canon)
Gild Tesoro Bad One Gracie Douglas Bullet

  •  : the character is deceased.
  •  ?: the character's status is unknown.
  •  : the character is non-canon.
  •  : the character is no longer part of this group. Hovering the symbol may give further details.
  •  *: other relevant information. Hovering the symbol gives further details.


For Paramecia-type powers, awakening allows the user to use their Devil Fruits at a new level of strength and in different manners than they originally could. Luffy notes that such a feat makes it no longer appear to be the power of a mere Paramecia.[69]

Doflamingo uses the Ito Ito no Mi to turn the environment into strings.

An awakened Paramecia allows the user to spread their power beyond their own body and transform or alter the properties of the material around them to match the nature of their Devil Fruit power, as well as manipulate the transformed material in any way they desire. The transformation effect can be spread over an extensive area. The main difference between awakening and Devil Fruits that allow the user to transform and manipulate the environment in the unawakened stage, such as the Hira Hira no Mi, is that awakening allows one to transform the environment from afar, as well as control it with just their mind. Unawakened environment manipulating Devil Fruits require the user to touch what they wish to transform and often require bodily movement to be controlled.

After awakening the Ito Ito no Mi, Doflamingo can extend his string-creating ability, transmuting the ground and buildings into vast quantities of string that he can manipulate without even the need to touch them. Katakuri similarly affected the environment with his Mochi Mochi no Mi during his battle with Luffy, causing the walls of the Mirro-World to behave like flexible mochi,[71] and they even became edible like mochi. The non-canon Douglas Bullet, with his awakened Gasha Gasha no Mi, can extend the range of his material combining power to disassemble and restructure entire terrains.[72]

That being said, the ability to transform and manipulate foreign objects remotely is not universal, with a few abilities showcasing unique particularities despite the general idea of property alteration still being present. After awakening the Jiki Jiki no Mi, Eustass Kid is capable of magnetizing things other than his own body, even other living beings, causing them to strongly attract and be buried under mountains of metal, but he requires physical contact with his target beforehand to be able to control their magnetism. Similarly, the awakening of Trafalgar Law's Ope Ope no Mi allows him to alter the properties of foreign objects to turn them into small space-defying ROOMs in essence, but the application process of his awakening is done manually.[73]

In addition, both Kid and Law have insinuated that their awakenings take a huge toll on their bodies due to high energy consumption to perform, turning those techniques into last resorts meant to finish off opponents. It is unknown if this applies to every awakening or is a particularity of theirs.[73]

Furthermore, aside from great environmental range, awakenings may even provide entirely new abilities to their users. For example, Kid can apply inverse magnetic polarities to different non-metallic objects to make them strongly attract each other, completely bypassing the need to manipulate metal, which is the fruit's primary application.[74] Gild Tesoro's awakened Goru Goru no Mi allows the creation a complex sensory network within the gold he touched, enabling him to sense every movement connected with his gold.[75]


The four Jailer Beasts are awakened Zoans.

For Zoan-type powers, awakening grants far greater strength, speed, and durability than un-awakened Zoan powers. This array of abilities also includes faster recovery time, which functions involuntarily, even when the user is unconscious.

Zoan Awakenings come with a risk where the innate nature of the Zoan can consume the user. An example of this is the Jailer Beasts of Impel Down; they have yet to show signs of complex thought, seemingly acting out on instinct and power, and they are always in a form resembling their full beast form, but with human attributes. It is unknown if they lost themselves and became this way permanently upon awakening or if they retain enough sentience that these forms are a conscious choice.[76]

Mythical Zoan

Not much is known about Mythical Zoan awakenings, as only one case has been seen. In the case of the Hito Hito no Mi, Model: Nika, the user does not lose their complex thought (though their mental state becomes slightly altered as a side effect of the awakened fruit, becoming overwhelmed with joy). It allows the user to freely alter the shape and size of their rubbery body however they wish. Furthermore, they gain the power to extend their rubber body powers to surrounding non-living materials, similar to how certain awakened Paramecia-type powers affect the environment. Monkey D. Luffy is the only known person to have awakened a Mythical Zoan fruit.[77]

Myths and Misconceptions

Due to the rarity and mysterious nature of the Devil Fruits, many rumors surround their existence. Particularly remote regions of the four cardinal Blues or isolated nations such as Wano Country often lack knowledge of the fruits, believing them to be a myth entirely or attributing their powers to pure magic. The following is a list of various myths and misconceptions about Devil Fruits in the world.

  • As stated by Shanks, Devil Fruit are considered by some to be "incarnations" (化身 keshin?) of the Sea Devil (海の悪魔 Umi no Akuma?).[1]
    • In the 4Kids dub, Shanks stated that they were "enchanted by sea ghosts".
  • Jabra believed a rumor that Devil Fruit users housed actual devils inside them. According to the rumor, if a Devil Fruit user went near an uneaten Devil Fruit, a devil would come out of the fruit and rip the user apart. This rumor has been debunked by research.[5]
  • In Amazon Lily, the citizens are unaware of the existence of Devil Fruits. The ruling Gorgon Sisters are believed to have gained their Mero Mero no Mi and Hebi Hebi no Mi abilities from a curse cast by a creature known as the "Gorgon".[78]
  • Vander Decken IX refers to his Mato Mato no Mi ability as the "Mato Mato Curse".[79] Sugar's Hobi Hobi no Mi is also called the "Hobi Hobi Curse" by its victims.[80]
  • The Tontatta Tribe of Green Bit refer to Devil Fruit abilities as Magic (奇術 Kijutsu?).[81]
  • In Wano Country, Devil Fruit abilities are considered Sorcery (妖術 Yōjutsu?) or Ninjutsu. Devil Fruit users are called Sorcery Users (妖術使い Yōjutsu Tsukai?).[15]


Dr. Vegapunk, a Marine scientist and the world’s most prominent researcher of Devil Fruits, is heavily responsible for researching the effects of Devil Fruits and Seastone. Vegapunk discovered that Devil Fruits work by affecting the Lineage Factor, and he even managed to replicate the effects of the Pika Pika no Mi to a certain degree.

Caesar Clown stated that he has done numerous experiments on his own Devil Fruit, insinuating that he managed to enhance its power after consumption. He has not yet explained his research or how he did it.

Inanimate Object Devil Fruit Users

A sword with an elephant Zoan.

Some years before the current timeline, Dr. Vegapunk discovered a technique that allows one to make an inanimate object (such as a gun or a sword) "eat" a Devil Fruit and gain its power. The details of this process have not yet been revealed. So far, Zoan is the only type of Devil Fruit that inanimate objects have been shown as being able to absorb. Inanimate object Zoans seem to be very loyal to whoever owns them.

Objects that have "ingested" a Zoan Fruit gain the mobility, abilities, and intelligence of the animal they turn into. This can be a drawback, as the object also gains a living creature's ability to feel pain and fear and becomes susceptible to disease.[82]

The technique that allows an object to eat a Zoan fruit is not limited to solid materials, as gaseous slime can also be used as a medium.

Artificial Devil Fruits

Further information: Artificial Devil Fruit and SMILE

With scientists learning more about how Devil Fruits work, it became possible for artificial Devil Fruits to be created. Like real Devil Fruits, they grant powers to the consumer and take away their ability to swim. Dr. Vegapunk created a synthesized Devil Fruit, though it was said to be flawed for unknown reasons.[8]

Artificial Devil Fruits being grown.

Caesar Clown managed to create his own version of artificial Devil Fruits where Vegapunk failed; they are called SMILEs.[30] They allow the eater to gain Zoan-like animal attributes; however, they have a severe flaw: only 10% of the people who eat them could attain a Zoan-transformation, while the remaining 90%, in addition to not gaining any powers, will lose not just their ability to swim, but also their ability to express any emotions other than joy, forcing them to constantly smile and laugh, even if it contradicts their true feelings.[83]

The manufacturing process of SMILE Fruits involved having luminescent sunflowers provide light to the trees growing the fruits while SAD is poured into a river leading into irrigation canals which then channel the river under the trees to feed them the chemical.[84]

Many, if not all artificial Devil Fruits appear greatly inferior in strength compared to real Devil Fruits.


Inventing certain drugs that can alter a Devil Fruit user's abilities is possible. So far, this has only been done with Zoan users.

Rumble Ball

Further information: Rumble Ball

Chopper with a Rumble Ball.

Tony Tony Chopper, during his six-year apprenticeship under Dr. Kureha, created a special drug called the "Rumble Ball". It temporarily enhances the effects of his Devil Fruit, granting him additional forms rather than the usual three. The Rumble Ball works by "disrupting the wavelength" of the Devil Fruit.[85]

As an initial downside, the Rumble Ball's effects will last only three minutes. Afterwards, Chopper must then wait for six hours before taking another one. If he were to take a second Rumble Ball beforehand, he would gain the extra powers but will not be able to control them. A third Rumble Ball within that time frame would cause his abilities to go completely out of control, transforming him into a mindless, nigh-unstoppable creature that will attack friend and foe alike and potentially drain his energy to the point of killing him.

After two years of training and research on an island with incredible medical knowledge, Chopper could utilize the additional powers granted by the Rumble Ball without actually taking the drug. Whenever he does take it, he then transforms into the monstrous form that he previously turned into by taking three Rumble Balls in a short time, which he was able to gain full mental control over. As before, the transformation lasts only three minutes, and once he turns back to normal, he will be cannot move for a few hours.

Later, with Caesar Clown's help, Chopper extended the Rumble Ball's effect to last 30 minutes instead of just three. However, the after effect that follows suit will be that Chopper will regress to an even smaller form.


Black Maria's unusual Human-Beast hybrid form.

Black Maria was likewise able to alter the appearance of her Devil Fruit's Human-Beast hybrid form via drugs, though it is unknown if the drugs she used are related to those used in the Rumble Ball.

Early Concepts

In Eiichiro Oda's first and second Romance Dawn prototypes, the Gomu Gomu no Mi was depicted near-identically to its counterpart in One Piece proper. However, both prototypes gave their origins as a "legend tree" (幻の木 Maboroshi no ki?) that appeared once every fifty years, with no implications of similar or related fruits.

Manga and Anime Influences

The rumor that Jabra recounted about Devil Fruits housing actual devils is similar to the Hindu belief about belerics; because of this, the Hindus of Northern India avoid the trees and will not sit in their shade. However, Beleric fruit is also known for its medicinal properties and is used by Hindu physicians for various ailments.

The other part of Jabra's rumor about the fruit's devil tearing out and killing the consumer from within is similar to another Hindu legend, particularly the version in Villivakkam, about two rakshasa brothers: Vatapi would take the shape of a fruit or meat and Ilvala would offer the "food" to innocent mendicants passing by. Vatapi would come out by tearing through the victim's body. However, this failed against Agastya.

Translation and Dub Issues

Many Devil Fruits are named after highly specific Japanese concepts and onomatopoeia (or shortenings thereof), rendering direct translations awkward if not impossible. For instance, the Mera Mera no Mi is named for the "crackling" sounds of a fire; all licensed English translations name it after synonyms for fire itself.

Corto referred to them as the Diablo Fruit.[86]

The 4Kids-dubbed anime renames the fruits to "Cursèd Fruits" (pronounced as two distinct syllables) to avoid the reference to the devil, which some religious viewers may have found offensive.


SBS-Based Trivia

  • In an SBS question, a reader asked if he could get Luffy's Gomu Gomu no Mi powers by eating Luffy. Oda answered that he would get food poisoning.[96]
  • Whenever a filler Devil Fruit is going to be used in a filler arc, the writers ask permission to use it from the author, Eiichiro Oda. In an SBS, Oda described the process as "Basically, all that happens is that the anime's scriptwriters come up with powers that they want to use in the story, and I say 'Yeah, that sounds good', or 'No, sorry, I want to use that one in the future'. That's all."[97]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 3 Chapter 19 (p. 14) and Episode 8, A young Shanks discusses Devil Fruits with Buggy.
  2. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 4 Chapter 35 (p. 8) and Episode 15, Kuro identifies Luffy's abilities; notably, he is the first in-story to use the term Nōryoku-sha.
  3. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 4 (p. 150), About how many are there in the "Devil Fruit Series", and what kind of Fruits will turn up?
  4. 4.0 4.1 SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 48 (p. 166), "For more detail, you'll just have to wait for a certain professor to make his appearance in the story, and explain exactly what the Devil Fruits REALLY are... eventually."
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 40 Chapter 385 (p. 5) and Episode 271, Jabra tries to stop Kaku and Kalifa from eating Devil Fruits by telling them how bad they taste.
  6. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 70 Chapter 698 (p. 17) and Episode 625, Law explains about Vegapunk's research on how Devil Fruits give power.
  7. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 45 (p. 128), Do all Devil Fruit have that swirly pattern on them?
  8. 8.0 8.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 69 Chapter 685 (p. 8) and Episode 611, Momonosuke eats Vegapunk's Artificial Devil Fruit in a flashback.
  9. 9.0 9.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 95 Chapter 964 (p. 17) and Episode 964, Toki states that she was born 800 years before a point prior to 30 years ago.
  10. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 77 (p. 154), "A question for Ei-chan. If you take a single bite out of a Devil Fruit, and then someone else eats the rest of it, will they still be able to gain the ability? Take it away, Ei-chan."
  11. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 1 and Episode 4, Luffy turns into a rubber man mere moments after eating the Gomu Gomu no Mi.
  12. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 3 Chapter 19 and Episode 8, Buggy loses the ability to swim immediately after swallowing the Bara Bara no Mi.
  13. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 40 Chapter 385 (p. 2-3) and Episode 271, Consuming two Devil Fruits is discussed.
  14. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 62 Chapter 613 (p. 9) and Episode 532, Shirahoshi talks about Decken's abilities.
  15. 15.0 15.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 96 Chapter 969 (p. 4) and Episode 970.
  16. 16.0 16.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 391 (p. 13-14) and Episode 275, Nico Robin's Devil Fruit powers made her an outcast on her home island of Ohara. The villagers and other children considered her a freak of nature.
  17. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 24 (p. 166), How is it that the spikes from Miss Doublefinger's "Toge Toge no Mi" powers come out of her clothes?
  18. One Piece Anime — Episode 944, Queen's brachiosaurus transformation is shown in detail and his artificial arm transforms with the rest of him.
  19. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 51 Chapter 499 (p. 16) and Episode 393, Bonney transforms with her cloth being affected.
  20. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 51 Chapter 501 (p. 7) and Episode 395, The slave list is seen with Devil Fruit users mentioned under price listing.
  21. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 77 Chapter 766 (p. 3) and Episode 705, Diez Barrels stating how much Marines were willing to spend on the Ope Ope no Mi.
  22. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 392 and Episode 275, Jaguar D. Saul is unsurprised by Robin's Devil Fruit as he's been to the Grand Line before.
  23. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 2 Chapter 15 (p. 10) and Episode 6, Luffy faces against Buggy.
  24. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 12 Chapter 100 (p. 14) and Episode 53, Luffy faces against Smoker.
  25. 25.0 25.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 40 Chapter 385 (p. 4) and Episode 271, Kaku and Kalifa discuss their unidentified Devil Fruits.
  26. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 45 (p. 188), Oda explains about the Devil Fruit Encyclopedia.
  27. 27.0 27.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 45 Chapter 440 (p. 17), Blackbeard talks about his search for the Yami Yami no Mi.
  28. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 84 Chapter 840 (p. 14) and Episode 803, The encyclopedia is shown in Vinsmoke Sanji's possession.
  29. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 48 Chapter 464 (p. 6-8) and Episode 359, Sanji mentions reading a book on Devil Fruits.
  30. 30.0 30.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 69 Chapter 689 (p. 15-17) and Episode 615, Caesar explains about his SMILE Devil Fruits.
  31. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 70 Chapters 697698 (p. 17, 13-17) and Episodes 623625, Law talks about Kaidou's connection to SMILEs.
  32. One Piece Manga — Vol. 69 Chapter 685 (p. 8-11).
  33. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 71 Chapter 703 (p. 3) and Episode 632.
  34. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 68 Chapter 676 (p. 6-7) and Episode 602, Smiley dies and the Sara Sara no Mi, Model: Axolotl regenerates in a nearby apple.
  35. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 74 Chapter 738 (p. 4-7) and Episode 671, The SMILE Factory is shown.
  36. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 76 Chapter 763 (p. 11) and Episode 702, Doflamingo explains that a Devil Fruit may be Law's one hope of a cure.
  37. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 52 Chapter 505 (p. 2-7) and Episode 399, The Marines fight against Luffy, Law, and Kid.
  38. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 53 Chapter 515 (p. 10) and Episode 409, The Kuja Tribe discovers Luffy's stretching, thinking all males can do the same.
  39. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 60 Chapter 594 (p. 15) and Episode 512, The Kujas pull Jinbe and Rayleigh's skin.
  40. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 1 (p. 22) and Episode 4, The people of Luffy's village find his powers fascinating.
  41. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 41 (p. 206), Oda mentions all types of Water cause weakness in Devil Fruit users.
  42. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 806 (p. 5) and Episode 755, Luffy hitching a ride on Wany.
  43. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 63 Chapter 617 (p. 10) and Episode 536, Brook losing strength as the water levels rise.
  44. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 22 Chapter 200 (p. 16-19) and Episode 122, Luffy becomes Mizu Luffy to fight Crocodile.
  45. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 22 Chapter 201 (p. 3-11, 18-19) and Episode 122.
  46. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 24 Chapter 219 (p. 10-12, 19) and Episode 144, Luffy, Zoro, and Sanji explore the St. Bliss.
  47. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 22 Chapter 199 and Episode 121, Luffy using water to solidify Crocodile's sand.
  48. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 84 Chapter 842 (p. 5) and Episode 805, Nami creating rainwater to soften Cracker's hardened biscuits.
  49. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 86 Chapter 863 (p. 15) and Episode 833, Jinbe using tea to douse Katakuri's mochi, causing it to lose much adhesiveness.
  50. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 43 Chapter 411 (p. 11-15) and Episode 295, Nami and Sanji had Kalifa's bubble effects washed off with water.
  51. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 558 (p. 13) and Episode 467, Jinbe throwing seawater at Moria's zombies, purifying them.
  52. One Piece Movie — One Piece Film: Gold, Tesoro loses control over the gold when seawater splashed onto them.
  53. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 94 Chapter 951 (p. 12-14) and Episode 952, Big Mom continues to act normally, despite being wrapped in 100% pure Seastone chains.
  54. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 573 (p. 14) and Episode 482, Akainu burns Ace, despite him being made of fire.
  55. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 79 (p. 100), Devil Fruit superiority hierarchy is revealed.
  56. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 546 (p. 2) and Episode 449, As Mr. 3 and Magellan's powers clash, Crocodile makes a comment on the surprising result of these two powers match up.
  57. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 18 Chapter 158 (p. 18-19) and Episode 95, Ace fight Smoker.
  58. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 572 (p. 9) and Episode 481, Ace fight Kuzan.
  59. One Piece Movie — Dead End Adventure, Luffy fight Gasparde.
  60. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 87 Chapter 877 (p. 10) and Episode 849, Luffy fight Katakuri on the Thousand Sunny.
  61. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 87 Chapter 879 (p. 11-17) and Episodes 851852, Luffy fight Katakuri in the Mirro-World.
  62. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 30 Chapter 279 (p. 9-19) and Episode 182, Luffy fight Enel.
  63. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 545 (p. 18-19) and Episode 449, Galdino blocks Magellan.
  64. One Piece Movie — One Piece Film: Gold, Nico Robin grabs Tanaka, allowing Sanji to defeat him.
  65. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 84 Chapter 848 (p. 14-15) and Episode 814, Brook fight several Homies.
  66. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 87 Chapter 876 (p. 16) and Episode 848, Pudding confuses several Homies.
  67. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 91 Chapter 918 (p. 4-5) and Episode 906, Tama tame Speed.
  68. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 20 Chapter 178 (p. 5) and Episode 110, Crocodile states why his powers are so versatile.
  69. 69.0 69.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 78 Chapter 785 (p. 8) and Episode 727, Doflamingo explains the power that an Awakened Devil Fruit grants.
  70. One Piece Manga — Vol. 103 Chapter 1046 (p. 4).
  71. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 88 Chapter 882 (p. 8-11) and Episode 855.
  72. One Piece Movie — One Piece: Stampede, Bullet's abilities are seen.
  73. 73.0 73.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 102 Chapter 1030 (p. 14-17).
  74. One Piece Manga — Vol. 103 Chapter 1039 (p. 8).
  75. One Piece Movie — One Piece Film: Gold, Carina explains Tesoro's awakened ability.
  76. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 544 (p. 11) and Episode 447, Crocodile explains that the Jailer Beasts of Impel Down are "awakened" Zoans.
  77. One Piece Manga — Vol. 103 Chapter 1044, Luffy awakens his powers.
  78. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 53 Chapter 517 (p. 14-15) and Episode 411, A Kuja telling a younger member about the falsified legend of the sisters.
  79. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 63 Chapter 615 (p. 7) and Episode 534, Decken himself tells the humans captured by Hody Jones that his powers is a "curse".
  80. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 75 Chapter 743 (p. 5) and Episode 677.
  81. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 71 Chapter 711 (p. 2-7) and Episode 641, Nico Robin stitched to the ground and Leo unstitching her after.
  82. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 44 Chapter 423 (p. 9) and Episode 306, Funkfreed reverts to his animal form after Franky threatens to blow a hole to his head.
  83. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 94 Chapter 943 (p. 8-13) and Episode 941, Hiyori, Shutenmaru, Hyogoro and Shinobu explain the side effects of SMILE to the others.
  84. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 74 Chapter 738 (p. 4-7) and Episode 671, A member of the Donquixote Pirates lies to the dwarves about the need for SMILEs.
  85. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 17 Chapter 149 (p. 3-9) and Episode 88, The effects of the Rumble Ball are explained.
  86. One Piece Anime — Episode 427.
  87. One Piece Manga — Vol. 40 Chapter 385 (p. 4).
  88. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 19 Chapter 169 (p. 17) and Episode 106, Pell talk about the few powers discovered that grant flying.
  89. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 29 Chapter 274 (p. 15) and Episode 180, Robin states that amongst the many Devil Fruits that exist, the Goro Goro no Mi is one of the few considered to be unrivaled.
  90. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 440 (p. 17) and Episode 325, Teach claims that the Yami Yami no Mi is unique, even for a Logia.
  91. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 58 (p. 24), Oda confirms that the Gura Gura no Mi is the strongest Paramecia.
  92. Vivre Card - One Piece Visual Dictionary (Card #0595), The Magu Magu no Mi is stated to be one of the highest offensive powers.
  93. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 76 Chapter 761 (p. 7-9) and Episode 700, Doflamingo explains that the Ope Ope no Mi is the "Ultimate Devil Fruit".
  94. Dillon, C., 2001. Superstitions and folk remedies. San Jose, Calif.: Authors Choice Press, p.63.
  95. Compton, N., 2013. Why sailors can't swim and other marvellous maritime curiosities. London: Bloomsbury, p.18.
  96. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 16 (p. 80), Fan question: if I eat Luffy, can I become a Gomu human?
  97. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 37 (p. 46), Oda determines whether the Devil Fruits are suitable for anime only.

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