Dressrosa is an island and kingdom within the New World, and one of the Twenty Kingdoms of the World Government. It was first mentioned by Vergo. Dressrosa is the second island visited by the Straw Hat Pirates in the New World and the primary setting of the Dressrosa Arc.
The country is well-known for its flower fields, its cuisine, its passionate women, and its battle colosseum. The local women are prone to violent acts of jealousy, leading to a high crime rate in the country. The residents of the country also believe that "fairies" live in the country as well, taking away people's belongings and treating them as "offerings", according to the residents themselves.
During Donquixote Doflamingo's rule, living Toys were introduced to the country, blending naturally with the local population.
- Kingdom Name: Dressrosa
- Current King: Riku Doldo III
- Former King: Donquixote Doflamingo
- Important People: Viola (Current Crown Princess), Scarlett (Former Crown Princess), Rebecca (Former Crown Princess), Kyros (Former Royal Army Commander), Tank Lepanto (Current Royal Army Commander).
- Current Affiliations: World Government, Straw Hat Pirates
- Poneglyph: No
- Population: Unknown
Dressrosa's architecture is overall Spanish-inspired. The buildings seem to be colorful and extravagant, and many of them have wavy patterns and checkered rooftops. During Riku Doldo III's rule 10 years ago, the architecture of the buildings was simpler and more rural-like, with several of them showing cracks and patches. This notable difference in architecture can be explained by the sudden gain of wealth Dressrosa obtained during Donquixote Doflamingo's rule. Some buildings were noted to be tough enough to not be cut by Doflamingo's Birdcage strings.
The Corrida Colosseum, one of Dressrosa's main attractions, appears to be based on the ancient Roman Colosseum. It is the largest building on Dressrosa, towering over all other buildings, and being rivaled only by the SMILE Factory. However, it is dwarfed by the King's Plateau, located next to it.
The Toys House's entrance, located at the base of the King's Plateau, appears to be made out of giant building blocks. Its interior is decorated with several regular, non-living toys.
Dressrosa is a luxurious, Spanish-themed island. Its most notable geological feature is the presence of huge rock formations located at the island's borders, with harbors located in-between them. Luffy described the island as "rough-looking".
The port town of Acacia, located at the southwest of the island, has the Corrida Colosseum. Another town, Primula, is located on the northwestern side of the island. The town of Sebio is located to the south. There's also the town of Carta located to the east. At the center of the island stands a huge, rocky structure called the King's Plateau, which supports the Royal Palace at its top.
Dressrosa is connected to Green Bit by an iron bridge at the north of the country. The presence of the Fighting Fish has forced the bridge to be closed for 200 years. Trafalgar Law, Nico Robin, Usopp, and Caesar Clown stopped at a restaurant called "Cafe Bar La Baltad" near the bridge to gather information on Green Bit.
One of Dressrosa's biggest secrets is its underground, which contains the SMILE Factory and a harbor for Doflamingo's Underworld clients. The SMILE Factory is located below the Corrida Colosseum. There is also a lift that connects the Underground with the Toys House and the Royal Palace.
Dressrosa is relatively close to Punk Hazard, as travel between the two islands can be done in a short period of time. The island also neighbors three other islands, one of which being Applenine Island. Those three islands are close enough to catch Den Den Mushi transmission signals coming from Dressrosa.
By the time of Doflamingo's defeat, almost all of Dressrosa had been left in ruins with the kingdom left severely damaged by the Birdcage and several locations had been moved and altered by Pica's Ishi Ishi no Mi powers.
Landmarks and Cities
Acacia is a port town located to the southwest of Dressrosa. This is where the Straw Hats and their travelling companions (Trafalgar Law, Caesar Clown, Kin'emon and Momonosuke) first landed when they arrived at Dressrosa.
The Corrida Colosseum is located here.
Sebio is a port town located at the south of Dressrosa.
On the night of Doflamingo's takeover of the country, this town was attacked and set on fire by King Riku Doldo III, who was under the influence of Doflamingo's "Parasite" technique. It was eventually reconstructed as the town still existed during Doflamingo's rule.
Primula is a town located at the northwest of Dressrosa.
Carta is a town located at the east of Dressrosa. It is a forest town which also contains a port. Currently, most of it is in ruins.
The Straw Hats and their allies used the ruins of the town as an escape route of the country after the defeat of Donquixote Doflamingo.
Balsa is the region located at the very north of Dressrosa. Its name is only given in the anime.
This is where Donquixote Doflamingo relocated the Dressrosa's Royal Palace to after he set up the Birdcage. After Doflamingo's defeat, the palace remains there, at the top of the New Royal Plateau.
Like some of the other places in Dressrosa, its name may derived from a plant. Balsa may refer to the balsa tree or the light-weight wood it produces.
The Corrida Colosseum is one of the most famous landmarks of Dressrosa. It is a building that is mainly used to host fighting competitions. It is located at the town of Acacia.
The Flower Hill was situated in the middle of the island, right next to the King's Plateau. It is the location of Scarlett's grave. Its top is covered by sunflowers, which were grown by the dwarves of the Tontatta Tribe after they were freed from slavery 800 years ago by the then newly-elected royal family, the Riku Family.
It was also the location of the secret headquarters of the dwarves during Operation SOP. The dwarves dug a tunnel that connected the hill with the underground trade port. It also had another tunnel that connected it directly to Green Bit.
After Pica changed Dressrosa's landscape, the ground below the hill rose and Dressrosa's Royal Palace was placed on the hill's top, forming a new King's Plateau.
The King's Plateau is a gigantic, crown-shaped landmark. It is situated in the middle of the island and it used to support the Dressrosa's Royal Palace at its top and the Toys House at its base. There was a lift located in its center that connected both buildings.
After Pica changed Dressrosa's landscape, the base of the King's Plateau sunk into the ground, presumably burying the Toys House underground. It also became connected to the Corrida Colosseum.
Pica also ended up creating a new King's Plateau, consisting of four different levels, with the fourth level being the Flower Hill. The original plateau became known as the "Old King's Plateau".
Lover's Lane (恋人通り Koibito Dōri?) is a giant bridge connecting the coastal rocks on the edge of the Primula region to those on the edge of the Sebio region, bisecting the island. It passes very close to the palace.
Dressrosa's Royal Palace
The Dressrosa's Royal Palace stood on top of the King's Plateau. It consisted of a five-floor building founded atop a three-floor outer wall tower.
The first floor of the palace has a pool which the Donquixote Pirates used for leisure. The second floor has the "Hall of Suits", a room with four card suit-shaped chairs where Doflamingo and his chief executives conducted meetings.
A lift at the center of the plateau, starting from the Underground Trade Port, went through the Toys House area at the base of the plateau, the three floors of the plateau itself, the three floors of the outer wall tower, to end at the first main floor of the palace.
To access the royal palace, one had to take a lift located at the base of the plateau, however, there is a secret stairway known only by the Riku Family that leads directly to the top of the plateau.
Doflamingo ended up destroying the second to fifth floors during his first confrontation with Luffy. Then Pica changed Dressrosa's landscape, causing the palace to be placed on the Flower Hill, which was now located on a "new King's Plateau".
The Toys House (オモチャの家 Omocha no Ie?) was a building located at the base of the King's Plateau. Despite its name, the Toys House was not really a house, but rather an area of access that the toys used to reach the Underground Trade Port. The Toys had to return there every night in order to work at the Underground Trade Port.
The Toys House had four main entrances, each located at the four cardinal points and made with giant building blocks. The interior of the house was decorated with several inanimate toy statues and a wallpaper depicting city buildings.
Underground Trade Port
Dressrosa's underground consists of a huge, secret trade port where Doflamingo conducted his black market dealings. People who were transformed into Toys by Sugar usually worked there at night. The SMILE Factory was also located next to it.
The Officer's Tower was a building located at the center of the underground harbor where Sugar worked in transforming people into toys. It was securely guarded by Trebol and several soldiers, although Trebol ended up destroying it.
The Scrap Heap was a massive underground chamber located below the Officer's Tower and connected through pipes to several entrances above ground, including the Corrida Colosseum.
Misbehaving toys, under the pretense of being defective, were sent there alongside the loser gladiators of the Corrida Colosseum, the latter which were captured by Trebol in order to be transformed into toys by Sugar. Kanjuro was also kept prisoner there after his capture by the Donquixote Pirates.
After Pica changed Dressrosa's landscape, the factory rose above ground.
|Riku Doldo III||Riku Matriarch *||Scarlett †||Viola||Rebecca|
|Esta||Milo||Mario||Aremo Ganmi||Mukkashimi Tower|
|Kyuin||Tegata Ringana||Shin Detamaruka||Shin Jaiya||Uhho|
|Maria ≠||Antonio ≠|
|Lao G||Giolla||Baby 5||Gladius||Buffalo|
|Senor Pink||Dellinger||Monet †||Sugar||Bellamy|
|Tontatta Kingdom||Prodence Kingdom|
- †: the character is deceased.
- *: the character's status is unknown, or show additional information. Hovering the symbol may give further details.
- ≠: the character is non-canon.
- ‡: the character is no longer part of this group. Hovering the symbol may give further details.
Under the rule of the Donquixote Family 900 years ago, the island was very wealthy, but at the expense of the slave work done by Dwarves. When the Riku family took over and the Dwarves were freed, the country lost some of that wealth, but it was also known for its unparalleled peace. In retribution to being freed, the Dwarves grew several plants and flowers all around the island.
10 years ago, during his tenure as a Shichibukai, Doflamingo came to Dressrosa and overthrew the Riku royal family. He was able to ascend to the throne due to the concessions and pardons granted to him with his allegiance to the World Government. As such, the castle bears his smiley and the Donquixote Pirates use the island as their base.
With a member of the Donquixote Family once again in power, 500 Dwarves were captured and forced to work at Doflamingo's SMILE Factory. The country returned to a wealthy state not unlike the one it once had under the rule of the Donquixote Family centuries ago.
Doflamingo also took in Sugar who has the power to turn humans into living toys, erasing their past and making the people close to them forget who they were. He also created two strictly followed laws: every citizen must not be loitering outside their homes by midnight sharp, and humans and toys must not enter each others' houses.
After the Punk Hazard Incident, Doflamingo falsely renounced his pact with the World Government, along with his privileges as a Shichibukai, and his status as a king was supposedly abdicated, causing an uproar. This was rectified when CP-0 came along to report the falsification to the citizens, calming them down. At the same time, the Straw Hat Pirates, Kin'emon, Momonosuke, and Trafalgar Law were on their way to Dressrosa to destroy the SMILE factory. Franky, in particular, met with the Thunder Soldier, who is part of an organization who wants to destroy not only the factory, but the entire Dressrosa kingdom as well.
With the defeat of Sugar, all of the toys reverted back to normal, as well as returning the memories of the people. This included Thunder Soldier who, upon reverting back to Kyros cut off Doflamingo's head. The rest of the kingdom went into chaos, with all the citizens turning against Doflamingo.
Following Sugar's defeat, Doflamingo played his final card: the Birdcage. Using his ability, he created a dome of blade-like strings that surrounded the island, preventing escape and communication to the outside world. At the same time, Pica used his ability to change the layout of the island, lowering the central plateau, bringing the SMILE Factory above ground, and raising the Flower Hill and palace even higher, setting the stage for Doflamingo's bounty hunting game, a strategy devised by Doflamingo in order to turn the majority of the population against his enemies while also serving as a metaphorical election.
The game involved the hunting of twelve individuals who had angered Doflamingo before the Birdcage was set up. The people had the choice to either go after Doflamingo himself or hunt those 12 criminals in order to end Doflamingo's game, which otherwise would never be over. Bounty rewards were also given as an extra incentive for the hunters to go after the targets, with their values being associated with the number of stars attributed to each individual in question.
- 1-star (100,000,000) for each of the following: Rebecca, Nico Robin, Kin'emon, Viola and Franky.
- 2-stars (200,000,000) for each of the following: Kyros and Roronoa Zoro.
- 3-stars (300,000,000) for each of the following: Sabo, Monkey D. Luffy, Trafalgar Law and Riku Doldo III.
- 5-stars (500,000,000) for Usopp.
Battles started breaking out all over the country as Doflamingo used his "Parasite" technique on several civilians and Marines, with citizens attempting to suppress the controlled people, while at the same time trying to catch the 'criminals'. As Luffy, Law and Zoro raced towards the palace, they were joined by the colosseum's strongest participants, all united under the same goal, to take Doflamingo's head (much to Luffy's annoyance). The participants eventually ended up facing, and defeating, the executives of the Donquixote Family (the sole exception being Baby 5 who defected), with Zoro beating Pica, Kyros cutting down Diamante and Franky felling Senor Pink, with the last victory allowing the destruction of the SMILE factory and liberating all the captured dwarves. What's more, both Giolla and Sugar were defeated a second time by Leo and Usopp respectively, the formers victory leading to the rescue of the Dwarf princess Mansherry. Elsewhere, Sabo faced Admiral Fujitora, but the battle ended with both sides standing down, after the Revolutionary heard Fujitora out.
In the end, it was left to Law and Luffy to face Doflamingo and Trebol. However, after landing a few blows on Doflamingo, Luffy was stalled by Bellamy, leaving Law to face the king and his executive by himself. Believing his victory is assured having 'defeated' Law, Doflamingo decides to instigate his "end game", and starts contracting the Birdcage with the intent of killing everyone on the island who knows his secret within one hour. As Luffy again confronts Doflamingo, it is revealed that Law's defeat was actually a clever ruse to create an opening for his last, devastating, and fatal attacks, which left the Surgeon of Death immobile. However Doflamingo still managed to stand, leaving it to Luffy to face the Shichibukai. Fortunately, Law managed to land a mortal wound on Trebol despite his incapacitated state. After Trebol attempted, and failed, to take down Law with him, Luffy quickly left the Surgeon of Death with his allies, as the Straw Hats captain faced Doflamingo by himself.
The Birdcage continued to slowly close, destroying more and more buildings in the process. Luffy battled Doflamingo, although his attacks were not effective enough to pressure the Shichibukai, which lead him to activate Gear Fourth. The sheer speed and power sent Doflamingo flying from the palace roof and crashing into several buildings. However, Doflamingo was not down for the count, and he used his awakened Devil Fruit abilities to turn buildings into string and attacked Luffy. The Birdcage was beginning to catch up to the weaker citizens, but Riku gave them a rousing speech which boosted their spirits and encouraged them to keep running. Meanwhile, Zoro, Kin'emon, and Kanjuro headed toward the Birdcage with the intent of stopping it, and Luffy landed a decisive blow on Doflamingo, causing him to crash into the palace.
However, Doflamingo was still not knocked out, and Luffy lost his Gear Fourth abilities. Both Doflamingo and Jesus Burgess attempted to capitalize on this by killing Luffy, but Sabo intercepted Burgess, and they had a massive battle which destroyed more of what was left of the city. Gatz from the Corrida Colosseum as well as several gladiators came to Luffy's aid as they confronted Doflamingo while Luffy regained his Haki. However, Doflamingo easily massacred them and in a fit of rage made the Birdcage shrink faster. However, nearly everyone on Dressrosa decided to assist Zoro in holding back the Birdcage, and they briefly succeeded in bringing it to a standstill. This allowed Luffy enough time to regain his Haki and confront Doflamingo again, and he finally defeated Doflamingo with one giant punch, making the Birdcage disappear.
The end of Doflamingo's tyranny caused everyone on Dressrosa to cheer with happiness, and despite nearly all the town being reduced to rubble, everyone was still happy as they were finally free.
During the Straw Hats' escape, various Dressrosa citizens intentionally got themselves on Admiral Fujitora's way in order to prevent him from attacking Luffy and the others with the rubble he had collected with his Devil Fruit.
With the threat now over, the citizens started the rebuilding process of the island.
Four statues were built in honor of four heroes of Dressrosa and Green Bit: Monkey D. Luffy (as Lucy), Usopp, Kyros and Mont Blanc Noland. Also, the dwarves of the Tontatta Kingdom are currently coexisting with the citizens.
- Dressrosa draws inspiration from the real-life country of Spain, particularly the autonomous communities of Andalusia and Catalonia, as evidenced by the architecture, clothes, flamenco dancers, food like paella (typical from the Valencian Country), gazpacho (typical from Andalusia), and Spanish terminology. The architecture present in Dressrosa is similar to the style of Park Güell, a garden complex in Barcelona designed by Antoni Gaudí. The passionate murders that are so common in Dressrosa is also commonly present in Spanish literature, particularly during the Romantic era in the early 19th century. Finally, the names of three particular towns and regions in Dressrosa appear to be based on actual Spanish cities; those would be Balsa (from Barcelona), Sevio (from Sevilla) and Carta (from Cartagena).
- The Donquixote Family, who have ruled over Dressrosa at times, are named after the titular protagonist of Don Quijote de la Mancha (engl: Don Quixote), which is arguably the most well-known spanish novel.
- The Fighting Fish native to the island seem to resemble bulls, both in appearance and temperament. Bullfighting itself is a common sport in Spain.
- Entertainment in Dressrosa has also been inspired by the culture of the Roman Empire, as it features a large Colosseum where gladiators would fight to the death for the amusements of the spectators.
- The citizens being transformed into toys and having the memories of their existence erased from the human citizens is similar to how countries in the past remove "unwanted elements" from society, turning them into nonpersons, who effectively cease to exist. Spain under Franco was one of the countries that employed such methods.
- The word "corrida" from Corrida Coliseum means the activity of bullfighting, typical from Spain.
- Dressrosa means "pink dress" or "rose dress" ("rosa" means "pink" and "rose" in many Latin languages).
- According to Luffy and Sabo, Dressrosa (while under Doflamingo's rule) is similar to their homeland Goa Kingdom, as both countries function through extreme class separation and discrimination caused by the royal families and nobles.
- Doflamingo offered to sell King Riku the rights to rule Dressrosa for 10,000,000,000, which is the highest monetary value to be ever stated in the series.