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For the chapter of the same name, see Chapter 576.

Edward Newgate,[13] more commonly known as "Whitebeard", was the captain of the Whitebeard Pirates and widely known as the "Strongest Man in the World" and the "Man Closest to One Piece" after Gol D. Roger's death.[8]

Before forming his own crew, he was a member of the legendary Rocks Pirates and later in life he became a member of the Four Emperors that rule over the New World,[4][5] before his death in the Battle of Marineford.[6]

In his prime, Whitebeard was a rival to Gol D. Roger, and following Roger's death, was widely recognized as the strongest man in the world, a fact complimented by having the highest active bounty whilst alive, and the second highest bounty of any pirate in history.

Appearance[edit | edit source]

In his younger days, he wore an open dark gray vest and a black bandanna, and his trademark mustache was nonexistent.[14] Later in his life, he grew the prominent crescent-shaped mustache, which would spawn his epithet, "Whitebeard". When he was 52, he wore a white and yellow pirate hat with his jolly roger on it over a black bandana with black and red, both worn over long, blond flowing hair he had back then.[15]

Whitebeard was an abnormally large man, with a height of 666 cm (21'10"). Unlike other large-sized humans, however, he was well-proportioned. He had a long face, ploughed because of the advanced age with many wrinkles around his eyes, and many scars running along his chest, and was very muscular.[1] The muscles on his biceps seemed to grow bigger whenever he used his quake-based powers.[16][17][18] Like all of his men, he had his own Jolly Roger tattooed on his back.[19] In the manga, his eyes are brown,[20] but in the anime, his eye color is seen to be yellow.[1]

He wore a black bandanna around his head and adorned himself with a white captain's coat, which hung loosely from his broad shoulders and bore his Jolly Roger symbol. He was always seen bare-chested, and wore light, loose pants tucked inside his large black boots, and a dark pirate sash around his waist. While not in battle, Whitebeard was typically on oxygen and attached to several medical sensor machines, due to health issues concerning his age.[1]

In the manga, after Akainu melted off a portion of his head, Whitebeard lost his left eye and the left side of his mustache[21] (this was changed to just losing the left side of his mustache in the anime)[22] as well as a massive hole in his torso[23] (a second, bigger hole in the stomach was also dealt by Akainu in the anime).[24] However, for the entire 72 years that he lived, he had never once received a wound on his back because he never ran away from his battles.[19]

As a child, he wore a light colored sleeveless shirt with the word "Power" (力 Chikara) written on it. He also wore shorts and a white bandanna. He had bandaged scrapes and cuts from his fights.[25]

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Main[edit | edit source]

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Whitebeard's wanted poster.
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Edward Newgate as a child.
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Whitebeard in comparison to Marco, an average sized human.
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Edward Newgate, before he became known as "Whitebeard".
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A full view of Edward Newgate when he was a young pirate.
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Silhouette of Newgate when he was a member of the Rocks Pirates.
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Whitebeard at age 44.
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Whitebeard at age 44 without his hat on.
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Whitebeard at age 52.
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Close up of Whitebeard's face at age 52.
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Close up of Whitebeard's face at age 72.

Video Games[edit | edit source]

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Whitebeard in One Py Berry Match.
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Artwork of Whitebeard in One Piece: Burning Blood.
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Artwork of Whitebeard in his Myth outfit from One Piece: Burning Blood.
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Whitebeard in One Piece: Burning Will.
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Whitebeard in One Piece Thousand Storm.
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Young Whitebeard in One Piece Thousand Storm.
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Whitebeard with animal coat in One Piece Thousand Storm.
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Whitebeard's New Year outfit in One Piece Thousand Storm.
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Whitebeard's Sea's Strongest Man outfit in One Piece Thousand Storm.
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Whitebeard in Jumputi Heroes.
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Other[edit | edit source]

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Whitebeard's color scheme in the manga.
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Whitebeard's color scheme as depicted initially in the manga.
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Whitebeard's color scheme in the manga at age 48.
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Whitebeard's silhouette in Buggy's memories.
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Whitebeard's concept art from the anime.
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Whitebeard's attire from One Piece Log Collection.
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Whitebeard's portrait in One day.
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A younger Whitebeard in One Piece Film Z.
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Whitebeard's wax figurine built by Diego.
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Whitebeard's wax figurine built by Regis.
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Whitebeard in the Red-Hair of Class 3 omake.
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Whitebeard on the cover of the disc One Piece Nippon Judan! 47 Cruise CD.
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Whitebeard and Ace in the A-ra-shi: Reborn video.
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Newgate in the Hungry Days advertisement campaign.

Personality[edit | edit source]

Edward Newgate was a cheerful and carefree person during his younger years, prior to commanding his own ship and becoming known as Whitebeard. Due to being an orphan who grew up in poverty, Newgate had a strong desire for a family, which he saw as the greatest treasure one could have.[14]

His reign on the sea, reputation, and foreboding power made him seemingly overconfident and fearless.[26] In initial appearances, he seemed unable to see any cause for alarm on any decision he made and refused all advice given to him, such as his nurse telling him not to drink heavily[27] or Shanks warning him of Blackbeard.[28] However, he was much more thoughtful than he initially appeared to be. Actions that initially seem to be the result of thoughtless, headstrong bravado actually had strong reasons behind them; his loud declaration that Fish-Man Island belonged to him freed the island from all pirates and slavery,[29] and his insistence that Blackbeard be punished was merely a cover for Ace, who had set out after him against Whitebeard's wishes.[30]

I am only one man with one heart...Call me a demon, call me a monster...but I can't be the strongest forever...!!!
— Whitebeard's response to his status as the "Strongest Man in the World".[31]


Though he may seemed to have an overgrown ego, Whitebeard knew deep down that he was nothing but a single man and was fully aware of his own mortality.[31] He knew that the youth were the keys to the future, and that their lives were far more important than his own. Because of this, he was not afraid of sacrificing himself for the safety of those he considered his children.[32] Like Gol D. Roger, Whitebeard believed that a child should not be responsible for their parents' sins.[33] Yet another belief he held is that any path a man wished to follow in life was fine by him, as long as they did not regret it.[34]

Despite his fierce reputation, Whitebeard was a compassionate man, having adopted countless people of different backgrounds into his crew as his foster children, such as Squard, whose life was devastated by Roger killing his crew, or Teach, who requested to join his crew due to being homeless. Marco stated that the main reason the Whitebeard Pirates held such strong loyalty to their captain was due to Newgate's paternal-like attitude, deeply caring for them like a father. Contrary to the tyrannical Kaido and Charlotte Linlin, Whitebeard used his power and influence as one of the Four Emperors for humanitarian purposes. He liberated and protected Fish-Man Island from slavery, an act which touched the hearts of the normally human-distrusting citizens of Ryugu Kingdom, and invested the majority of his riches to support his homeland of Sphinx, an once poor, lawless island.[35] Whitebeard was understanding and forgiving of his subordinates, going to great lengths to rescue any who were in great danger, no matter the cost.[36] Whitebeard was naturally protective of his family and did not tolerate the idea of letting a crewmate join someone else's crew, especially a rival one. In fact, the notion of separating himself from just one of them and for a short time infuriated him. Even if he did accept doing so, it was reluctantly and while showing much annoyance.[37]

Whitebeard was very careful about choosing a person to be included in his crew, depending on their personality and nature. This cautiousness mainly stemmed from his time as a member of the Rocks Pirates, as the violent and poor relationship in that crew left a negative impact on Whitebeard.[38] For this reason, Whitebeard was fully against letting someone like Kozuki Oden join his crew, since the Samurai was rebellious by nature. Still, Whitebeard showed enough open-mindedness to give Oden a chance to prove himself in a challenge and eventually allowed the Kuri daimyo to be part of his crew after the latter prioritized the life of an innocent woman over the challenge itself.

A distinguishing feature of Whitebeard's nature was his high moral standards: he never forgave the death of a crewmate by another, and believed that a man could not live without some form of honor code.[39] When confronted by Blackbeard, he intended to avenge Thatch, despite being close to death at the time.[40] However, he was willing to go against his personal code under certain circumstances.[41]

Whitebeard seemed to enjoy talking about the past; when Shanks visited his ship, the first thing Newgate did was recollect his memories from the last twenty-two years, particularly those involving old rivals like Roger, Garp and Sengoku.[42][43] People that were children at that time were still viewed as children in Whitebeard's eyes, no matter how powerful they had grew since.[44][45] Despite fond memories of his time as a pirate captain, Whitebeard was not proud of his former association with the Rocks Pirates due to the lack of camaraderie among members, thus he rarely referred to those times unless in a negative tone.

Regardless of his poor health at the time, Whitebeard liked drinking, to the point that bringing and sharing a drink with him (preferably of high quality and very expensive) was viewed as enough of a respectful gesture to engage a conversation. This was seen in his encounters with Shanks,[46] Gol D. Roger,[47] and Shiki;[15] still, this did not guarantee complete cooperation from him, judging from the nature of these conversations.[15][48]

Like other characters in One Piece, he had a unique laugh, which was "Gu ra ra ra ra".[49] Like Perona, his laugh is similar to the name of his Devil Fruit, the Gura Gura no Mi. However in the anime (before the Marineford Arc) and Gigant Battle, his laugh was changed to a regular "Ha ha ha ha ha". In the American Shonen Jump, his laugh is changed to "Gu ha ha ha ha".

Relationships[edit | edit source]

Crew[edit | edit source]

It'd be a shame if you died here, kid. If you still want to wreak havoc on this sea, bear my name on your back and go wild as much as you like! Become my son!
— Whitebeard tells Ace to join his crew.[50]


Whitebeard along with his Division Commanders.

Whitebeard considered every single member of his crew, as well as his subordinate crews, his "sons". His strong love for his crew and subordinate crews traced all the way back to before he even had a crew, when he stated that the one thing he wanted more than anything was a family.[14]

The only person in his crew Whitebeard did not address as a son was Oden, whom he considered as a brother.[51]

Any crewmember from Whitebeard's crew who killed another crewmember were to be hunted down by the commander of that former crew member's division.[52] Whitebeard's strong stand against crewmate killing was based on his fatherly stance over every member of his crew; as a result of this treatment, the whole crew affectionately referred to him as "Pops" or "Old Man" (オヤジ Oyaji?, an informal variation of "father").[53] However, Whitebeard did not force commanders to hunt down wayward crew members if he had an uneasy feeling about the situation; in the case of Blackbeard, Whitebeard tried to make an exception and stop Ace from hunting him down, but Ace did so anyway for the sake of Whitebeard's honor.[41]

This was not blind loyalty, as Whitebeard was willing to go to war with the World Government to save Ace.[36] In addition, Whitebeard took full responsibility for the actions of his crew and kept a stern outward appearance for non-crew members, falsely claiming to outsiders that he ordered Ace to hunt down Blackbeard.[30] Whitebeard also treated all of his "sons" and "daughters" equally, and claimed to Squard that Ace was no different than any other, despite being Roger's son.[33] In battle, while this unshakable bond between him and his crew stood, Whitebeard's subordinates knew better than to get in the way of their captain.[54]

Marco had a very strong bond with Whitebeard. During the Marineford War, he was the first and only crewmate who rushed to Whitebeard's aid after the latter was stabbed by Squard.[55] Later, Marco attempted to assist his captain in fighting Blackbeard, but was ultimately ordered to stand down.[56]

Subordinate Crews[edit | edit source]

Aside from their own 1600 member crew,[57] the Whitebeard Pirates had many subordinate crews working in the New World. Each one of the pirate captains was an infamous pirate who had made a name for him or herself in the New World. There seemed to be at least 43 crews underneath Whitebeard.[58] Whitebeard treated all of his long-time subordinate crews just like his own crew, as though they were his own sons, though some of them were originally from the main crew before becoming captains of their own crews.[59] They all seemed to know Ace, at least, and were willing to help Whitebeard's cause when Ace was about to be executed at Marineford; however, they were not aware that Ace was Roger's son until around the time Ace died. These New World subordinate crews included "Bohemian Knight" Doma, "Thunder Lord" McGuy, the Decalvan Brothers, "Great Whirlpool Spider" Squard,[60] Little Oars Jr.,[61] and the "Ice Witch" Whitey Bay.[62]

Squard[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard hugs and forgives his 'son'.

After losing his entire crew to Roger, Squard was taken in by Whitebeard, who treated him like a son and saved him from the loneliness of losing all of his comrades. Squard, in return, thought of Whitebeard as a father figure, but felt betrayed when he thought that Whitebeard was planning to sacrifice all of his subordinate crews to save Ace. When Whitebeard proved otherwise, Squard broke down in tears at his mistake.[63] He later attempted to redeem himself at the cost of his own life by charging head-first into battle, but Whitebeard himself stopped and reprimanded him.[64]

Friends and Allies[edit | edit source]

Jinbe[edit | edit source]

Because of his role as a protector of Fish-Man Island, Whitebeard was considered a hero by many Fish-Men,[29] in particular Jinbe of the Seven Warlords of the Sea. Jinbe has expressed many times that he owes a great deal of gratitude to the Emperor[65] and refused to participate in the war against Whitebeard, even if it meant losing his Warlord of the Sea title and being imprisoned in Impel Down.[66] Over the years, Jinbe's respect has grown to the point where he will readily declare himself as an adversary to anyone or anything with ill intent upon the Emperor's life, which is why he immediately engaged in battle against Ace on their first encounter, since Ace was out to assassinate Whitebeard at that time.[67]

Monkey D. Luffy[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard and Luffy preparing to save Ace.

Whitebeard seemed to have some form of respect for Luffy after hearing about him from both Ace and Shanks; Ace had shown excitement that Luffy was on the Grand Line,[68] and Shanks had stated that he had given up his arm on a "bet on the New Age", referring to Luffy.[69] After showing his fierce tenacity, Luffy had managed to gain Whitebeard's respect.[70] Whitebeard went as far as assigning his top commander, Marco, to act as Luffy's bodyguard during the war and "would not have forgiven him" if Luffy had died.[71]

As the war went on, his respect for Luffy increased after witnessing Luffy's true potential, and Whitebeard decided to command all his forces to fully support Luffy with all their might, a decision which even surprised his own men. This also marks the first time that Whitebeard called him by his name, Straw Hat Luffy, instead of "brat", proving that Whitebeard came to acknowledge him and his strength through the course of the war.[72] Luffy respected Whitebeard as well, believing that anyone whom Ace admires cannot be a bad person, and was willing to intercept an attack from Crocodile aimed at Whitebeard's life before he even met him in person.[73]

Impel Down Escapees[edit | edit source]

Alongside Luffy were many Impel Down convicts who escaped from prison, including Emporio Ivankov, a Revolutionary Army commander, and Buggy, a former member of the Roger Pirates.[74] All of these convicts were powerful people, and a majority of them fought against Whitebeard's opposition, which made them valuable assets to Whitebeard's cause. Whitebeard also proposed an alliance with Buggy, as he recognized the threat his new crew imposed, though he did not see Buggy himself as anything threatening.[75]

Neptune[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard was an old friend of King Neptune. Their friendship stemmed from when they first drank together, and Whitebeard protected Fish-Man Island from slavery due to this friendship. Though it is unknown how they became friends, it is known that they had been friends for quite some time, as Neptune helped Whitebeard out a lot during his younger days.[29]

Protectorates[edit | edit source]

Before his demise, Whitebeard had a number of locations under his protection.[76] Most of them seem to be within the brink of pirate raids, and it was only by being "owned" under his name that they were kept stable and safe, thereby earning the Emperor the gratitude of the citizens; consequentially, these territories immediately became vulnerable after his death.[77] At least one other Emperor, Big Mom, placed Fish-Man Island under her protection[78] while Foodvalten fell to Brownbeard.[77] The status of Whitebeard's other former territories is currently unknown, but Blackbeard appears to have taken over most of them during his ascent to Four Emperors status, as he has over two decades of experience with the Whitebeard Pirates and thus knows which islands they were protecting.[79]

Enemies[edit | edit source]

Roger... Garp... Sengoku... there aren't very many people who know about the sea back then.
— Whitebeard about his respected enemies.[80]


Gol D. Roger[edit | edit source]

Despite having been rivals with Gol D. Roger, Whitebeard held great respect for him. Not long before his death, Roger met with Whitebeard on an island to have what seemed to be an entirely cordial drinking session, with Roger even offering to give the location of Laugh Tale to Whitebeard, and when Whitebeard asked Roger about the Will of D., Roger willingly told him about it.[47] Upon learning that Ace was his rival's son, Whitebeard did not see his bloodline as an inconvenience, and even tried to inspire Ace to respect Roger as his father.[81]

Impel Down Convicts[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard made many enemies over the years besides the other Emperors and the World Government. Many prisoners in the lower levels of Impel Down wished to kill him because of personal grudges, though the only one known by name is Crocodile.[82]

Marines[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard respected both Monkey D. Garp and Sengoku, a respect which was mutual. He considered them among the few people that knew the seas from Roger's era who are still alive in the present.[80] On the other hand, he considered other younger Marines to be "brats" and refused to give any of them, including the powerful admirals, much respect.[45][83] However, Sakazuki earned Whitebeard's wrath for killing Ace, and Whitebeard brutally injured him.[84]

Marshall D. Teach[edit | edit source]

Teach and the Blackbeard Pirates attack Whitebeard.

Marshall D. Teach, also known as Blackbeard, was one of Whitebeard's oldest crewmates, having joined the crew at twelve years old. When Teach claimed to be an orphan with nowhere else to go, Whitebeard quickly allowed him to join. Teach ultimately became Whitebeard's greatest enemy for killing Thatch and enabling Ace's capture and execution. Claiming that Blackbeard alone was the only one whom he refused to consider his son, Whitebeard attempted to take Blackbeard's life prior to his death.[85] Just before dying, Whitebeard openly declared that Blackbeard was not worthy of being Roger's successor.[86] His last thought being his regret for allowing Teach to hurt his foster family. After Whitebeard's death, Blackbeard stole his Devil Fruit powers, conquered his territories, and usurped his post as one of the Four Emperors.[79]

Four Emperors[edit | edit source]

Shanks[edit | edit source]

Shanks meets with Whitebeard, offering him sake to talk.

Since none of the Four Emperors work together, any other Emperor is a threat to him and his crew. In his first appearance, Whitebeard received a letter from Shanks delivered by Shanks's newest crewmate, Rockstar. However, before even reading the letter, Whitebeard threw it away, claiming that Shanks should come in person with some expensive sake if he wanted to talk.[87] Most of all, he refused to accept Shanks as anything more than the kid he was 22 years ago and believed he was 100 years too young to tell him what to do.[88]

Despite being enemies, Shanks held great respect for Whitebeard, which made him willing to lend his aid to Whitebeard by preventing the Emperor Kaido from reaching Whitebeard, allowing him to reach Marineford without any hindrance.[89] After Whitebeard's death, Shanks saved Whitebeard's crew and their other subordinate crews [90] and gave Whitebeard and Ace a proper burial.[91]

Kaido[edit | edit source]

In the past, they used to be part of the Rocks Pirates. After the incident at God Valley, they went their separate ways to form their own crew and became Emperors. Kaido does not think highly of Whitebeard, stating that he was too soft despite being powerful.

Under normal circumstances, they did not provoke each other. However, Kaido saw an opportunity to eliminate his adversary prior to the impending Battle of Marineford and did not hesitate to attempt to do so.[89] Two years later, Kaido cursed Whitebeard for being able to die while he remained alive.[92]

Other[edit | edit source]

Shiki[edit | edit source]

Shiki and Whitebeard discuss Shiki's plans after his escape.

In the past, they used to be part of the Rocks Pirates. After the incident at God Valley, they went their separate ways to form their own respective crew.

Shiki did seemlingy not have a bad relationship with Whitebeard, he thought of him as a strong man, able to take over Roger's dominion of the sea, as he said when they were drinking together on the Moby Dick and speaking about old times. Whitebeard was apparently knowledgeable about Shiki's penchant for planning.

Edward Weevil[edit | edit source]

Edward Weevil claims to be Edward Newgate's biological son.[93] However, many doubt this claim, and it is unconfirmed whether he actually is Whitebeard's biological son or not.[94] Weevil and his mother seek to obtain Whitebeard's fortune due to their belief that they are his rightful heirs, and to this end they have been hunting down Whitebeard's surviving allies and their subordinate crews in order to claim it. Weevil also wishes to avenge Whitebeard's death by killing the Emperor Marshall D. Teach, indicating that, at the very least, he truly believes himself to be Whitebeard's son.[95]

Bakkin[edit | edit source]

Bakkin is the self-proclaimed lover of Whitebeard and mother of Edward Weevil. She claims and/or believes herself to have been Whitebeard's lover, and that he is the father of her son, which she believes makes her and Weevil the rightful heirs to Whitebeard's fortune. It is currently unknown if any of her claims concerning her and Weevil's relationship to Whitebeard are true or not.[96] However, Bakkin was a fellow crewmember with Whitebeard around 40 years ago.[97]

Rocks D. Xebec[edit | edit source]

Rocks D. Xebec was Whitebeard's former captain during his days as a member of the Rocks Pirates. It's unknown what kind of relationship they had, but it can be assumed that Whitebeard had immense respect for Xebec, since he willingly worked under him alongside other members who he had nothing but disdain for.

Abilities and Powers[edit | edit source]

Even in death, his body did not fall. His figure, taking down enemies while losing half of his head, was truly monstrous. The total number of sword wounds he received in this battle was 267. He was shot by 152 bullets and was hit by 46 cannonballs. And despite all this, his proud back, over the course of his entire life as a pirate, never received a single scar from running away!
— Edward Newgate's death.[98]


Overview[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard was one of the most powerful and influential pirates of his generation. He garnered the title "Strongest Man in the World"[8] before even the late Pirate King Gol D. Roger's death[11] and was one of the world's few to ever match Roger in one-on-one combat.[8]

After Roger's death, Whitebeard became one of the Four Emperors, the four most formidable pirates ruling the latter half of the Grand Line and the biggest pirate threats to the World Government.[5] Prior to his own passing, Whitebeard held not only the highest bounty among those four, but the second highest in recorded history, at over 5 billion (only behind Roger's own).[12]

Whitebeard's reputation alone made his simple declaration of Fish-Man Island being his territory enough to keep slave traders and pirates from attacking the island further, making Whitebeard himself far more effective than the treaty signed with the World Government 200 years before his death.[29]

Whitebeard was the captain of the Whitebeard Pirates, directly controlling an enormous pirate fleet of 1,600 pirates divided into 16 divisions, each one being led by an incredibly powerful division commander.[57] A testament to his power is the fact that the Seven Warlords of the Sea and World Government used virtually all their power to fight him and his crew.[99] The powers of Whitebeard were so vast that few would dare to challenge him, making Ace,[100] Crocodile,[101] Aokiji,[102] Kizaru,[103] Akainu,[23] Blackbeard,[104] Kaido,[89] and Luffy[105] a few very brave and powerful people. In the past, Ace tried to kill Whitebeard over a hundred times, with each attempt resulting in subsequent failure and injury; Whitebeard's retaliation was so effortless that he was able to counterattack even while sleeping.[106]

After Akainu killed Ace, Whitebeard brutally injured the Admiral, who was practically helpless in response to Whitebeard's power. He was able to defeat Akainu with a mere two attacks despite the Emperor being on the brink of death due to his illness and severely injured state at the time.[84] Another example of his power was his "fight" with Shanks. When their weapons clashed, the heavens split in two.[107]

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Whitebeard blocks and subsequently extinguishes a molten rock from Admiral Akainu.[108]
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Whitebeard parries a two-handed downward swing from giant Vice Admiral John Giant with just one hand.[109]
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Whitebeard defeats several Marine Officers in one swoop despite being heavily injured.
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Whitebeard stops his flagship from charging forward with just one hand.[110]

Physical Abilities[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard refuses to use his medical apparatus while his crew fusses over him.

Whitebeard was given the title of the "strongest man in the world" for his physical power, which is far superior to even a giant. During the Marineford War, Whitebeard completely overpowered vast numbers of strong Marine officers and giants with tremendous physical might, such as Vice Admiral Ronse, with only one hand and supplemented by his Devil Fruit powers.[111][112][113] Whitebeard blocked a two-handed downward swing from the giant Vice Admiral John Giant with only one hand on his naginata,[114] extinguished the flames of one of Akainu's molten rocks with just a single breath,[115] and prevented a massive paddle ship from advancing using only one hand.[116] He could jump to great heights to attack large opponents, such as John Giant.[117]

Despite his gigantic size, Whitebeard could move at considerable speeds, having appeared behind Akainu to attack him in a matter of seconds, with the latter (who was on his way to kill Luffy) only realizing it once his soldiers yelled at him to watch out.[118]

Whitebeard appeared to have debilitating health problems, possibly stemming from his advanced age and excessive drinking. When not in battle, he was always surrounded by nurses, used oxygen tubes, and was hooked up to intravenous tubes and life support systems; despite this, he used to literally drink sake by the barrel.[1] However, Marco noted that Whitebeard's health had gotten worse, and he no longer possessed the reflexes to avoid Squard's surprise attack, which was, in the past, something easy for him to achieve.[119] Even with his health issues, Whitebeard was still considered the world's most dangerous and powerful pirate, which raises the question of how powerful he must have been in his prime.

Whitebeard's physical resistance and pain tolerance were tremendous: he was able to keep fighting despite the number of life-threatening injuries he sustained, which included part of his head being burned off.[21] This also proves that Whitebeard possessed enormous amounts of stamina and endurance; no matter how much damage he took throughout the battle, Whitebeard continued to press forward and fight, only stopping once almost all of the Blackbeard Pirates collectively shot and brutally stabbed him to death at point-blank range.[120] It was shown that even in his old age, in a heavily wounded state and without access to his Devil Fruit and Haki powers, he could near-effortlessly take down a Warlord of the Sea, as demonstrated in his fight against Blackbeard.[121]

During the War at Marineford, Whitebeard sustained 267 sword wounds, 152 gunshot wounds, and 46 wounds from cannonballs, and got a portion of his head blasted off, resulting in 465 injuries in total.[98] In addition, he received one of Kizaru's laser beams[122] and two of Akainu's magma blasts.[23][21] Whitebeard also received a brutal assault from the Blackbeard Pirates. However, even after taking so much damage in his already weakened state, he died standing, an impressive feat when compared to other characters. Even Teach was shocked by Whitebeard's tenacity.[6]

Tactical Skills[edit | edit source]

Besides his formidable power, Whitebeard was a brilliant leader and an incredibly skilled military strategist: a match for former Fleet Admiral Sengoku, one renowned as "The Resourceful General" for his famed acumen on the field of battle. The Emperor's tactical prowess was demonstrated when he saw through Sengoku's deliberate leak of information regarding a change of schedule for Ace's execution,[123] and when he foresaw the Pacifista's arrival at Marineford and scattered the pirates so that they would not be routed by the cyborgs.[124]

In addition, Whitebeard could easily adapt to rapidly-changing situations even in the heat of battle, as shown when he bypassed a siege wall impervious to his Devil Fruit powers by having Oars, who was in a near-death state, help carry the paddle ship into the Marineford plaza.[125] Even when he was on the brink of death, Whitebeard quickly thought of a countermeasure against Teach's Devil Fruit power's nullification abilities by using his naginata to cut Teach down, taking him off guard for him to use his quake powers to injure him.

Devil Fruit[edit | edit source]

Further information: Gura Gura no Mi

Whitebeard uses the Gura Gura no Mi.

Whitebeard ate the Gura Gura no Mi,[126] a Paramecia-type Devil Fruit that made him a "Quake Man" and which was considered the strongest Devil Fruit within the Paramecia class.[127] According to Sengoku, Whitebeard had the power to destroy the world.[128]

With the power of this Devil Fruit, Whitebeard could create powerful shockwaves by shattering the air like glass. These shock waves then would be redirected into the ground,[129] resulting in earthquakes and, if under the seafloor, tsunamis.[130] He could create these shockwaves in the air, rendering airborne attacks ineffective.[131] He could also use these shockwaves to attack enemies, with either widespread[132][133] or specific targets.[131][117] Whitebeard's powers also allowed him to create a quake bubble around his hand[111] or naginata[112] to increase the power of his physical attacks, as well as manipulate the air with his hands to tilt the environment around him.[134] He also used his naginata to slash the air, which caused a massive explosion and the collapse of a tower in Marineford.[135]

Whitebeard could also use these shockwaves to block physical attacks[136] as well as non-physical attacks,[137] making his Devil Fruit powers excellent for both offensive and defensive capabilities.

Soon after Whitebeard's death, the power of the fruit was extracted by Blackbeard through unknown means.[138]

Weapons[edit | edit source]

Further information: Murakumogiri

Whitebeard swings Murakumogiri in conjuncture with his Devil Fruit powers.

Whitebeard wielded a gigantic naginata called Murakumogiri, one of the 12 Supreme Swords.[139] He was immensely skilled with the blade even in old age. He could use Murakumogiri to fight off countless powerful Marines in Marineford, including Marine Admirals, and during his prime, he also clashed with Kozuki Oden who was one of the strongest samurais of Wano. When he was a child, he had a much smaller and less well crafted spear made up of a simple knife bound to a pole.

After Whitebeard's death, it became a marking for his burial site, with his coat, a bouquet of flowers, and the crew's flag hanging from it.[91]

Haki[edit | edit source]

Further information: Haki

Whitebeard is one of the very small number of people in the world who can use all three types of Haki.

Haoshoku Haki[edit | edit source]

Newgate clashes against Roger

Whitebeard possessed Haoshoku Haki.[140] During his initial encounter with Kozuki Oden 30 years ago, their sudden clash created a notable effect similar to lightning and released a large burst.[141] His Haoshoku Haki was displayed to a far greater extent against his longtime rival, Gol D. Roger. Their clashing Haoshoku Haki cracked the air, creating an effect akin to lightning and generating a shock wave larger than the island, repelling the giant trees around them alongside the crewmates of the Roger and Whitebeard Pirates and nearly capsizing the Moby Dick.

During the Marineford War, he was on the verge of using it against some of the World Government's executioners to protect Portgas D. Ace but failed because of a sudden illness attack.[142] He is capable of using this form of Haki in the video games One Piece: Pirate Warriors 2 and 3, as well as One Piece: Burning Blood.

Busoshoku Haki[edit | edit source]

Newgate infusing Murakumogiri with Haki.

Whitebeard possessed an immense mastery of Busoshoku Haki, 30 years prior in his prime, his Busoshoku Haki coated Murakumogiri, was powerful enough to defend against both Enma and Ame no Habakiri, two of the 21 Great Swords, while another superior Busoshoku Haki master had hardened them using Haki;[141] a notable feat as Oden used this very method to bisect the enormous Mountain God and later leave a lasting wound on the nigh-indestructible Kaido.

Newgate uses Advanced Busoshoku, proving his mastery by hardening Murakumogiri to the point where a black flame-like aura as large as himself formed around its blade and emitted Haki from a short distance, causing a gigantic shock wave that spread across the island after clashing against Gol D. Roger despite their weapons not connecting.[143]

Due to his age and worsening health, it was not as powerful compared to his prime, but he could still negate the intangibility of Logia-based Devil Fruits. In the past, he was able to defeat Crocodile (though it is unknown if the former Warlord of the Sea had eaten his Devil Fruit by that point)[144] and was able to defeat Ace more than one hundred times.[106] During the Marineford War, Whitebeard successfully inflicted significant damage on Akainu[84] where Marco, Vista, and Jinbe, who were highly skilled Busoshoku Haki users themselves, failed to do so.[145]

Kenbunshoku Haki[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard was also masterful in using Kenbunshoku Haki. It was first shown 30 years prior after both he and the Whitebeard Pirates shipwrecked in Wano, as he could sense Oden coming from a vast distance towards them.[146] He was even able to sense and counter Ace (when he was still new on the ship and was attempting to kill Newgate) while sleeping. In the bay of Marineford, he predicted Crocodile's sudden attack but did not move, knowing that Luffy would block it.[147] However, due to both his age and worsening health, he failed to predict Squard's betrayal and thus got injured,[148] something which, according to Marco, was totally unexpected from the Emperor.[119]

History[edit | edit source]

Past[edit | edit source]

Childhood[edit | edit source]

You're a pirate and you're not interested in treasure? What exactly are you looking for... eh, Newgate!?
— A crewmate asking Whitebeard what he wants.[149]

Newgate growing up in poverty.

After his home country, Sphinx, became too poor to be a member nation of the World Government, Newgate became an orphan. He became a pirate at an early age and supported his village with the money and resources he gained.[150]

Younger Days in Piracy[edit | edit source]

Newgate and the Rocks Pirates against Roger and Garp.

Before forming the Whitebeard Pirates, he was just another crewmember in another crew going by his real name "Newgate" and that he was not interested in treasure, but instead wanted a family.[14]

Some time after this, at least 40 years ago he joined the Rocks Pirates, but eventually left after the God Valley Incident, 38 years ago, and at least 33 years ago, he would go on to form his own pirate crew, the Whitebeard Pirates.

Oden and Whitebeard clash.

30 years ago, Whitebeard and his crew were shipwrecked at Wano Country. They encountered Kozuki Oden and he asked to join his crew after a brief clash with Whitebeard.[151]

Afterwards, Whitebeard and his crew had a feast with Oden and his retainers. Oden kept asking to join only to be turned down. Two weeks later, the Whitebeard Pirates tried to leave Oden behind, but he caught up to them and held onto a chain he attached to the ship. Izo also held onto Oden and got dragged away with him.[152] After pulling Izo up onto the ship, Whitebeard gave Oden a test. If he could hold onto the chain for three days, he would be allowed into the crew.[153] Just when Oden only had ten minutes left, he heard a woman in trouble and let go, drifting to an island. On the next day, Whitebeard found Oden and a woman named Toki confronted by Karma and his crew. Whitebeard defeated Karma and finally allowed Oden to join his crew. Inuarashi and Nekomamushi, who had stowed away on Whitebeard's ship, joined the crew as well.[154]

Two years after Oden joined, Whitebeard decided to divide his crew into divisions and appointed Oden as commander of the second division. Sometime later, he met Marshall D. Teach and granted his request to join the Whitebeard Pirates. Around two years later, the Whitebeard Pirates arrived at an island and noticed a commotion that frightened even the animals.[155]

After Oden confronted the Roger Pirates and got blown away by Roger, Whitebeard and Roger clashed. The two crews battled for three days. After the battle, the crews formed a truce and exchanged gifts. Roger told Oden and Whitebeard about his intention to reach the final island in the Grand Line and asked to borrow Oden for a year. Though Whitebeard did not fully agree, Oden decided to join Roger. Whitebeard expressed his annoyance after Oden parted ways with his crew. He later found out that Inuarashi and Nekomamushi followed Oden as well.[156]

Clashing of the Crews[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard's last talk with Gol D. Roger.

Whitebeard, Gol D. Roger, and Shiki ruled the seas in the days before the Great Age of Pirates.[157] Whitebeard and Roger competed often. Whitebeard came to know certain members of Roger's crew, such as Shanks and Buggy.[42] Somewhere along the Grand Line, Roger pulled away from Whitebeard and made it to Laugh Tale. At some point, the two grew to respect each other, and Whitebeard was one of those Roger met shortly before his death to say goodbye. During the meeting, Roger explained the Will of D.[47]

After Roger's execution, Shiki broke out of Impel Down and had a meeting with Whitebeard aboard the Moby Dick. When Shiki attempted to form an alliance between the two of them, knowing that their combined power would be incredible, Whitebeard responded by threatening to have Shiki thrown overboard, which prompted Shiki to note how Whitebeard had not changed. After claiming it was "Whitebeard's time", Shiki informed him of his plan, leading Whitebeard to note Shiki was plotting something again.[15]

The End of an Era[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard defends Fish-Man Island from pirates.

With Roger's execution and Shiki’s seclusion, Whitebeard became the undisputed power of the sea for being the only one able to battle on equal terms with the Pirate King.[8] Whitebeard was always fully aware of events in the Grand Line playing out around him, such as the frequent dueling between Dracule Mihawk and Shanks.[42] In time, the World Government came to dub him, Big Mom, Kaido, and Shanks as the four strongest pirates in the New World, the Four Emperors.[5]

Some time after the beginning of the Great Age of Pirates, Whitebeard went to Fish-Man Island and freed it from pirate attacks, stating that the attacking pirates had nerve attacking his old friend's kingdom. He claimed the island as his territory, and in doing so restored peace to the island. He defended Fish-Man Island because he was a good friend of King Neptune, with the two having drank together in the past.[29] Ever since Whitebeard declared Fish-Man Island as his territory, no pirate dared to harm any of the fish-men and merfolk.[158]

Expectations and Murder[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard offers Ace a chance to join his crew as his son.

At some point in the three years prior to Monkey D. Luffy setting out on his adventure, Whitebeard read about Portgas D. Ace's increasing fame as the captain of the Spade Pirates and how Ace refused the offer of a Warlord of the Sea position. Right after the five-day fight between Ace and Jinbe, Whitebeard approached the Spade Pirates aboard the Moby Dick and told his own crew that he would deal with Ace alone.[159]

Whitebeard defeated both Ace and his crew without a single scratch on him. After the confrontation, Whitebeard, aware of Ace's talent, drafted him into his crew, eventually allowing him to become commander of his Second Division despite Ace's young age and multiple attempts to assassinate him.[160]

Around this time, Ace told Whitebeard about his father being Gol D. Roger, but Whitebeard claimed it did not matter because everyone was a son of the sea. When Blackbeard, who was back then a member of Ace's division, murdered the Fourth Division commander Thatch in order to acquire a Devil Fruit he had found, Ace decided to hunt down Blackbeard by himself. Even though Whitebeard did not want him to go because he felt uneasy about the situation, Ace left anyway.[161]

Sky Island Saga[edit | edit source]

Jaya Arc[edit | edit source]

Some time later, Rockstar arrived, carrying a letter to Whitebeard from his own captain, Shanks. Unimpressed that Shanks sent him a letter instead of coming to see him in person, Whitebeard tore it up in front of Rockstar, whom he told that Shanks should see him in person and bring some good sake.[87]

Water 7 Saga[edit | edit source]

Post-Enies Lobby Arc[edit | edit source]

After fighting through a Marine blockade that had been set up to prevent them from meeting and knocking out dozens of the Whitebeard Pirates with Haoshoku Haki, Shanks finally arrived to talk with Whitebeard about Ace and Blackbeard. Whitebeard talked about Gol D. Roger and Shanks' past as an apprentice pirate on Roger's ship alongside Buggy. Whitebeard noted how the duels between Shanks and Mihawk still ringed in his ear. When the subject of his missing left arm was brought up, Shanks replied that he bet it on the new age.[162]

Whitebeard and Shanks clash.

When Shanks asked him to stop Ace because he did not feel he was ready to face Blackbeard, Whitebeard laughed off Shanks' request, saying that he was 100 years too young to tell him what to do before telling him that Blackbeard must be taught a lesson about morality. Claiming he had nothing to fear, Whitebeard clashed with Shanks, causing the heavens above to split.[163]

Summit War Saga[edit | edit source]

Sabaody Archipelago Arc[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard and his pirate crew went to prevent Ace's execution, and the Marines and Seven Warlords of the Sea gathered to face him.[164]

Whitebeard's flagship, the Moby Dick, had started to move, and Whitebeard had taken out all 23 ships keeping an eye on him in an instant, leaving the Marines completely clueless as to exactly where and when he would attack.[165] Kaido tried to attack Whitebeard, but Shanks intercepted him.[89]

Marineford Arc[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard arrives at Marineford in order to save Ace.

Whitebeard's fleet infiltrated Marineford Bay by sailing underwater through coating, and four of their five ships rose up to confront the Marines.[166] Standing on the bow of the Moby Dick, Whitebeard unleashed two massive quakes on each side of the island, and Ace asked why they came to rescue him, as it was his fault he was captured. However, Whitebeard lied that he had told Ace to go after Blackbeard, which Marco affirmed.[167] Whitebeard watched as his quakes caused two massive tsunamis to come toward Marineford, but they were frozen by Admiral Aokiji. Aokiji attacked Whitebeard, and the Emperor shattered his ice body with a quake, but the admiral froze the bay in response. Dracule Mihawk and Admiral Kizaru then unleashed long-range attacks on Whitebeard, but the attacks were respectively stopped by Jozu and Marco.[168] Admiral Akainu launched magma meteors into the bay, but Whitebeard caught one of them on his naginata without issue.[169]

Whitebeard beats Ronse in one shot.

Little Oars Jr. of the Little Pirates made his way into the bay, and Whitebeard did not approve of his reckless actions, but aceded to his giant subordinate's wishes.[170] Whitebeard was solemn when Oars Jr. was brought down by Gecko Moria, and Vice Admiral Ronse of the Giant Squad attempted to attack him by surprise. However, Whitebeard brought him down with a single quake-powered punch, and told his subordinates to press on past their fallen comrade. When he saw several Marines communicating via Den Den Mushi, Whitebeard wondered what Fleet Admiral Sengoku was planning.[171]

Whitebeard then saw as a ship containing Impel Down escapees fell onto the bay from the sky. One of the escapees was Crocodile, who attempted to attack Whitebeard and get revenge on him. However, Ace's brother Monkey D. Luffy kicked Crocodile away. Whitebeard warned Luffy that he would be throwing his life away by entering the battlefield, but Luffy did not care and brashly proclaimed that he would become Pirate King, not Whitebeard. Whitebeard was stunned, but quickly became impressed.[172] Luffy told Whitebeard that Ace's execution was set to be moved up, and when Marco came with the same news, Whitebeard told him to remain calm. When Luffy went out onto the battlefield, Sengoku revealed to everyone that he was the son of Monkey D. Dragon, and Whitebeard told Marco that he would not forgive him if he let Luffy die.[173]

Squard stabs Whitebeard through the chest.

In order to neutralize any potential nuisance from the Impel Down escapees under Buggy's command, Whitebeard called out to Buggy and proposed an alliance, which the pirate delightfully accepted. Whitebeard attempted to contact Squard, but could not reach him, so he called the Decalvan Brothers instead and ordered them to split up the subordinate crews and lead them around the bay in both directions.[174] Whitebeard grew annoyed when Crocodile continued fighting against his crew, but Crocodile was then dealt with by Jozu.[175] Whitebeard then saw as Sentomaru led an army of Pacifista into the bay from the outside.[176] Squard came onto the Moby Dick to report that their forces in the rear were being hit hard, and Whitebeard decided to join the fight. However, Squard then stabbed Whitebeard through the chest.[177] Squard revealed that he had heard the Whitebeard Pirates and Marines made a deal for Whitebeard and Ace to survive during the war in exchange for the lives of Whitebeard's subordinate crews. Understanding that Squard felt betrayed by Ace's heritage, Whitebeard embraced and forgave him, saying he hated Gol D. Roger, but would not treat Ace differently because he was the late Pirate King's son; he loved all of his sons equally. Whitebeard then unleashed quakes that shattered the frozen tsunamis and gave his subordinates a way to escape, and he warned that anyone who stayed should be prepared to lose their lives as he leaped onto the battlefield.[178]

Whitebeard defeats John Giant.

Whitebeard charged into battle, and clashed with John Giant of the Giant Squad. He unleashed a massive earthquake that tilted the entire island to one side, and hit John Giant with a large shockwave. The shockwave continued toward Ace's execution platform, but it was stopped by the three admirals. The Marines then put up an encircling wall between the pirates and Ace, and Whitebeard watched as Akainu destroyed the Moby Dick with magma fists.[179] He silently apologized to his ship, and unleashed a quake at part of the encircling wall, but it only bent slightly. With Oars Jr. leaving an opening in the wall and regaining consciousness, Whitebeard told him to stay there as he prepared for his crew to charge into the plaza.[180] The crew's final ship then surfaced, and Whitebeard had Oars Jr. pull it through the gap in the wall, allowing the crew to invade the plaza. Whitebeard then unleashed a devastating attack that took out dozens of Marines.[181]

Akainu strikes Whitebeard.

Whitebeard attempted to attack again, but was frozen by Aokiji. However, the quake he had formed shattered the ice, and he attacked the admiral with his naginata. Aokiji attempted to move through his naginata, but was attacked by Jozu. Whitebeard caught a heavily injured Luffy after the latter was kicked away by Kizaru, and the admiral mocked Whitebeard for putting his trust in someone so weak. Whitebeard threw Luffy to his subordinates for his wounds to be treated, and then clashed with Akainu.[182] When Monkey D. Garp attacked Marco, Whitebeard told his subordinates not to overestimate the vice admiral as he directed Akainu's magma attack into a settlement, destroying much of it. However, Whitebeard was suddenly seized by a sick cough, allowing Akainu to strike him.[183]

Kizaru attacks Whitebeard.

Whitebeard was then attacked by several Marines and was hit by multiple blades and bazooka shots. However, he proceeded to fight them off, refusing to die until he had secured his sons' safety, and several fighters gathered to defend him from behind. The Marines then attempted to execute Ace, and Whitebeard was unable to stop them. To his surprise, however, Luffy knocked out the guards by unleashing Haoshoku Haki.[184] As Whitebeard continued fighting off Marines, he told his subordinates to back up Luffy. When Kizaru attempted to stop Luffy from reaching the execution platform, Whitebeard attacked the admiral.[185] However, Kizaru shot Whitebeard through the chest and resumed going after Luffy. Despite this, Whitebeard watched as Luffy was able to free Ace.[186]

Whitebeard cries over the loss of his son, Ace.

With Ace freed, Squard and his men attempted to ride the ship into the plaza in order to allow Whitebeard and his crew to escape. However, Whitebeard stopped the ship singlehandedly. He then declared that everyone was to escape while he would meet his end here at the end of this era, and he prepared for his final stand against the Marines.[187] He rejected his crew's pleas against this and started attacking once more. Upon seeing Ace nearby, Whitebeard asked if Ace thought he was a good father, which Ace affirmed.[188] However, Ace was soon fatally injured by Akainu, and Whitebeard wept as he watched his son die.[189]

Whitebeard brutally injures Akainu.

Enraged at the death of Ace, Whitebeard brutally attacked Akainu with a quake punch to the head, and although Akainu responded by burning off a portion of his head, Whitebeard attacked him again with a powerful strike that heavily damaged Marine Headquarters. The attack created a chasm that separated Whitebeard from his crew as the Emperor continued fighting the Marines with ferocity. However, the battle was then interrupted by the arrival of the Blackbeard Pirates.[190]

Edward "Whitebeard" Newgate dies, yet his body refuses to yield.

Whitebeard immediately unleashed a quake at the wall Blackbeard was standing on, intending to avenge Thatch. Blackbeard stripped Whitebeard of his Devil Fruit powers with the Yami Yami no Mi, but Whitebeard struck his former son with his naginata before furiously slamming his head into the ground with a quake-imbued punch. Blackbeard then told his subordinates to attack, and he and his crew struck Whitebeard with several bullets and blades. Whitebeard told Blackbeard that despite carrying the initial D., he was not one of the people Roger was waiting for. He then proclaimed to the Marines that the discovery of the One Piece would result in a grand battle that engulfed the entire world, declaring that the One Piece did indeed exist. Whitebeard silently apologized to his crew and bid them farewell. He then died after having been slashed and stabbed 267 times, shot by 152 bullets, and hit by 46 cannonballs. Even in death, however, he remained standing, and did not have a single wound on his back.[191]

Postmortem[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard and Ace's graves.

After Whitebeard's death, Blackbeard used an unknown method to steal Whitebeard's Gura Gura no Mi powers from the corpse.[138] When Shanks arrived to end the war, Whitebeard's and Ace's bodies were taken for a proper burial, a request that Sengoku allowed despite Vice Admiral Doberman wanting to show their heads to the world to symbolize the Marines' victory.[192] Whitebeard, along with Ace, were buried on an island near Whitebeard's homeland somewhere in the New World.[91]

His coat and naginata were made into a grave marker, with his pirate flag tied to it and a bouquet of flowers hanging from the halberd's handle. His grave was put beside Ace's and filled with flowers and swords left behind by his crew members, and the members themselves stood on either side of the island, paying their last respects to the two deceased.[91]

From the Decks of the World[edit | edit source]

The graves after two years.

Two years later, the grave markers had become tattered with age. Sabo visited them and placed a bottle of sake and three cups on a crate next to Ace's grave, pinning the recent newspaper article of the Straw Hats' return onto Ace's grave as a message to him that Luffy is doing fine.[193]

Legacy[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard's death was a devastating blow to the balance of power in the world. Because of his great power and influence, many of the islands he controlled as protectorates descended into anarchy as pirates began invading his territory.[77] One of the more prominent pirates was his assassin, Blackbeard, who annexed most of Whitebeard's territory and usurped his previous spot among the Four Emperors.[79] Nonetheless, Whitebeard's dying words provoked the New Age of piracy and inspired countless pirates to voyage to the New World, just as Gol D. Roger did.[194] Also, two pirates who claim to be the late Emperor's son and lover are going after his crew and subordinate crews in order to claim his non-existent fortune.[195]

Major Battles[edit | edit source]

Filler Battles[edit | edit source]

  • Edward Newgate vs. Marine Bazooka Unit
  • Edward Newgate vs. Z (unseen)

Anime and Manga Differences[edit | edit source]

Appearance[edit | edit source]

In the manga and other related merchandise, the interior color of Whitebeard's coat was initially green. In the anime and other related merchandise, it is red. Later in the manga, however, this was changed to red.[196] In his initial appearance in the anime, his eyes were black like many male characters of the series, but this was changed to a golden yellow color by the Battle of Marineford.

In the manga, Whitebeard has no hair showing, but in the anime, he initially had some brown hair; his hair was later retconned to follow the manga. His pants were also left hanging over his boots in his first appearance in the anime and during one of the scenes of his meeting with Shanks; in the manga, his pants were always tucked inside his boots.

War at Marineford[edit | edit source]

After Ace's death, Whitebeard tried to stop Akainu but was attacked by Kizaru. In Episode 484, instead of burning off a portion of Whitebeard's head, Akainu only managed to remove part of Whitebeard's mustache. Instead, Akainu successfully punched another hole in Whitebeard's torso and visibly filled him with magma. Also, the battle between Whitebeard and Akainu went on longer, with Whitebeard launching more vicious attacks against the admiral.[197] The fight between Whitebeard and Blackbeard is extended in the anime. Blackbeard manages to land punches on Whitebeard's torso and chin. Even after the initial strike proved Whitebeard's quake punch has no effect on Blackbeard, Whitebeard continued to punch several more times before using his naginata. Whitebeard was unable to move after his last attack on Blackbeard, but managed to move forward with his body turned red with smoke coming out of it, similar to Luffy in Gear Second. This was likely done to signify his fury. Additionally, Whitebeard's speech about One Piece was longer in the anime.[198]

Whitebeard's death in the anime.

After Whitebeard's death, when the narrator lists all the injuries Whitebeard suffered, swords that have pierced his front and through his body could be seen with the tips protruding from his back. In the anime, there were no swords at all in his body.

Whitebeard's body in the newspaper.

Later, in Episode 507, when Usopp dropped a newspaper covering the aftermath of the war, Whitebeard's body was shown to match the manga's depiction as opposed to the anime's censorships: his torso had swords sticking out, he was posed to make it looks like portion of his head was torn off, and the gaping hole on his stomach that Akainu inflicted on him in the anime was missing, leaving only the hole in his upper chest.

Translation and Dub Issues[edit | edit source]

Some minor debate exists as to whether Whitebeard is the "proper" translation of the epithet Shirohige (白ひげ?), as Newgate does not possess an actual beard. This discrepancy stems from the Japanese term Hige (ひげ?) being a generic term for facial hair that applies to both mustaches and beards; however, since few (if any) serious alternatives have been offered, both fans and professional translations continue to use Whitebeard, as does the quasi-canon One Piece Yellow databook.

While 4Kids Entertainment never dubbed any of his appearances in the anime proper, some promotional materials indicate that it planned to rename him Ward Newgate.[2]

Merchandise[edit | edit source]

Edward Newgate DX figure.

Several action figures of Edward Newgate have been produced. He has twice been featured as part of MegaHouse's Portrait of Pirates collection of a 1/8 scale figures: once in July 2011 in his present day appearance, and again in September 2013 in his youthful appearance (called "Ver. 0").[199] A 9" figure was featured as part of the Figuarts ZERO One Piece series.[200] Banpresto has released two Whitebeard figures as Ichiban Kuji prizes, one in August 2010 [201] and another in April 2012.[202]

Video Games[edit | edit source]

Playable Appearances[edit | edit source]

Support Appearances[edit | edit source]

Trivia[edit | edit source]

Whitebeard and Ace's graves made by Universal Studios of Japan.

  • Universal Studios of Japan built a replica of Ace's and Whitebeard's tombs. Whitebeard's epitaph says: "Edward Newgate, captain of the Whitebeard pirates, here lies a great captain and father, liberated from the exhausting role and labor, who captained the Moby Dick in the spectacular Era of Pirates".
  • Whitebeard is widely regarded as the "strongest man" in the world. In comparison, Kaido is said to be the "strongest creature" in the world, though the extent of his powers remains unknown.
  • He is one of three characters whose name comes from the real life Blackbeard, otherwise known as Edward Teach; the others being Marshall D. Teach and Thatch.
  • He shares his name with the Newgate Prison, which was a notorious prison in London, active during the Golden Age of Piracy, and where many infamous pirates (and other criminals) were incarcerated; including William Kidd and members of the "King of the Pirates" Henry Every's crew.
  • In the 6th Japanese fan poll, Whitebeard ranked 28th.
  • At 72 years old, he was the oldest known Four Emperors member in the series.
  • Whitebeard held the highest bounty among the Four Emperors (both past and present), and the second highest recorded bounty among all pirates, surpassed only by Roger.
    • In his bounty of Beli.png5,046,000,000, the 4-6 can be read as shi-ro. 白 (shiro) means "white", which could refer to his epithet, "Whitebeard" (白ひげ Shirohige?, Viz: Whitebeard).
  • A pirate with a similar crescent-shaped mustache, Gally, can be seen in Oda's early Romance Dawn one shots.
  • Oda explained in an extra pamphlet (that came with initial copies of Databook Yellow) titled "One Piece Paradise Vol. 2", that Whitebeard was directly modeled after the barkeep of the pub he used to frequent with his previous manager. This barkeeper passed away in 2007.[203][204]
  • In a SBS, Oda jokingly stated that Whitebeard once had a dog, Stefan, with a mustache similar to his own.[205]
  • Whitebeard shares several characteristics with the legendary warrior monk, Musashibo Benkei. A popular figure in Japanese folklore, Benkei was said to have been five times the size of a normal man, possessed inhuman strength, and wielded a naginata as his weapon of choice. He famously died in a standing position, with his body riddled with arrows and spears.
  • Whitebeard's favorite foods are alcoholic beverages and cheap food.[11]
  • Whitebeard's birthday of April 6 was requested because 4/6 can be read as "shi ro", meaning "white".[10]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 25 Chapter 234 (p. 12-13) and Episode 151, Whitebeard is introduced.
  2. 2.0 2.1 One Piece: Grand Adventure's in-game profile of "Trace" (also present in the manual) refers to Whitebeard as "Ward Newgate." It remains unknown if this was a typo or a planned renaming.
  3. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 18 Chapter 159 (p. 10) and Episode 95, As Ace discusses the idea of the Straw Hat Pirates joining the Whitebeard Pirates, Usopp envisions a shadowy image of Whitebeard. In the anime, Ace discusses this with Luffy alone, and envisions the image himself.
  4. 4.0 4.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 957 (p. 6), Sengoku talks about the Rocks Pirates.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 432 (p. 7) and Episode 314, Garp says that Whitebeard is one of the Four Emperors.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 15) and Episode 485, Whitebeard dies.
  7. One Piece Manga — Vol. 90 Chapter 909.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 25 Chapter 233 (p. 13) and Episode 151, Whitebeard's epithets are revealed by Buggy.
  9. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 577 (p. 3) and Episode 486, Whitebeard's age at death is revealed.
  10. 10.0 10.1 SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 57, fan question: When is Whitebeard's birthday?
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Vivre Card - One Piece Visual Dictionary (Card #0270), Information about Whitebeard is revealed.
  12. 12.0 12.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 957, Whitebeard's bounty is revealed.
  13. One Piece Green: Secret Pieces , Whitebeard's name is romanized.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 15) and Episode 485, Whitebeard comments on his desires as a young man.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 0 Chapter 0 (p. 23) and Episode 0, Whitebeard speaks with Shiki after the latter's escape from Impel Down.
  16. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 4) and Episode 461, Whitebeard prepares to create shockwaves with his Devil Fruit powers.
  17. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 564 (p. 6) and Episode 473, Whitebeard uses his Devil Fruit powers to "pull" the air.
  18. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 565 (p. 8) and Episode 474, Whitebeard attempts to destroy the siege wall with a shockwave.
  19. 19.0 19.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 17) and Episode 485, Whitebeard's back is seen.
  20. Whitebeard's eyes are colored brown on the cover of Volume 57.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 One Piece Manga — Vol. 59 Chapter 575 (p. 7), Akainu takes off part of Whitebeard's head with Meigo.
  22. One Piece Anime — Episode 484, Akainu only blasts off part of Whitebeard's mustache in the anime.
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 568 (p. 12) and Episode 477, Akainu impales Whitebeard with his magma hand.
  24. One Piece Anime — Episode 484, The wound dealt to Whitebeard by Akainu's Meigo is changed in the anime.
  25. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 70, Whitebeard is seen as a child.
  26. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 15) and Episode 316, Whitebeard claims that he has nothing to fear.
  27. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 25 Chapter 234 (p. 11) and Episode 151, Whitebeard refuses to stop drinking despite his nurse's advice.
  28. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 14) and Episode 316, Whitebeard refuses to heed Shanks's request for him to stop Ace's hunt for Blackbeard.
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 65 Chapter 645 (p. 6-7) and Episode 567, Whitebeard declares Fish-Man Island to be his territory.
  30. 30.0 30.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 15-16) and Episodes 461462, Whitebeard covers for Ace defying his orders by taking responsibility for his hunt for Blackbeard.
  31. 31.0 31.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 563 (p. 16) and Episode 472, Whitebeard thinks about his mortality.
  32. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 569 (p. 11-12) and Episode 478, Whitebeard states that he must watch over the futures of his sons.
  33. 33.0 33.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 563 (p. 13) and Episode 472, Whitebeard tells Squard that Ace does not bear Roger's sins and is no different from any other of his sons.
  34. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 11) and Episode 316, Whitebeard tells Shanks it is fine for him to sacrifice his arm if he does not regret it.
  35. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 90 Chapter 909 (p. 5-7) and Episode 890, Marco explains to Nekomamushi the plight of Sphinx and how Whitebeard covertly sent humanitarian aid to support the citizens.
  36. 36.0 36.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 551 (p. 18-19) and Episode 461, Whitebeard arrives at Marineford to save Ace.
  37. One Piece Manga — Vol. 96 Chapter 966.
  38. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 964 (p. 2), Whitebeard initially turned down Kozuki Oden's request to join his crew because of his wild nature and states how such character traits were an issue on the Rocks Pirates.
  39. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 14) and Episode 316, Whitebeard tells Shanks that Blackbeard must learn what it means to have a moral code.
  40. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 6) and Episode 485, Whitebeard declares that he will kill Blackbeard in order to avenge Thatch.
  41. 41.0 41.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 14) and Episode 461, Whitebeard tells Ace to let Blackbeard go because he feels uneasy about him.
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 9-11) and Episode 316, Whitebeard talks about the past with Shanks.
  43. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 559 (p. 5) and Episode 468, Whitebeard notes that seeing Buggy takes him back.
  44. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 14) and Episode 316, Whitebeard calls Shanks a brat.
  45. 45.0 45.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 553 (p. 5) and Episode 462, Whitebeard calls Aokiji a tyke.
  46. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 8) and Episode 316, Shanks brings Whitebeard some sake from West Blue.
  47. 47.0 47.1 47.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 12) and Episode 485, Whitebeard drinks with Roger prior to the latter's death.
  48. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 14-17) and Episode 316, The conversation between Whitebeard and Shanks regarding Ace and Blackbeard turns violent.
  49. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 7) and Episode 316, Whitebeard laughs.
  50. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 10) and Episode 461, Whitebeard offers Ace a chance to join his crew.
  51. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 964 (p. 14).
  52. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 14) and Episode 461, Ace states that he needs to hunt down Blackbeard because Thatch was a member of his division.
  53. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 12) and Episode 461, Marco explains why all of Whitebeard's crew members refer to him as their father.
  54. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 564 (p. 7) and Episode 473, Whitebeard's subordinates tell each other to not get in his way.
  55. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 563 (p. 4) and Episode 472, Marco restrains Squard after the latter stabs Whitebeard.
  56. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 6-7) and Episode 485, Whitebeard orders Marco to not interfere.
  57. 57.0 57.1 One Piece Yellow: Grand Elements , The Whitebeard Pirates's size and organization is outlined.
  58. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 551 (p. 12-13) and Episode 460, The Marines comment on the incoming ships and their captains.
  59. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Forgiveness
  60. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 551 (p. 12) and Episode 460, The Marines identify some of the captains among Whitebeard's subordinate crews.
  61. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 554 (p. 14-15) and Episode 463, Little Oars Jr. enters the battle.
  62. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 556 (p. 12) and Episode 462, Whitey Bay arrives at the Paramount War.
  63. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 563 (p. 5-7, 11-13) and Episode 472, Squard accuses Whitebeard of sacrificing his subordinate crews, but is proved wrong.
  64. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 572 (p. 11-14) and Episode 481, Whitebeard prevents Squard from leading a suicidal charge.
  65. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 54 Chapter 529 (p. 2-4) and Episode 430, Jinbe explains why he feels indebted to Whitebeard.
  66. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 54 Chapter 523 (p. 10) and Episode 417, Jinbe is revealed to be in Impel Down after refusing to join the war against Whitebeard.
  67. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 7) and Episode 461, Jinbe confronts Ace during his attempt to assassinate Whitebeard.
  68. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 557 (p. 15) and Episode 466, Ace shows Whitebeard Luffy's first bounty poster.
  69. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 11) and Episode 316, Shanks claims he bet his arm on "the New Age".
  70. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 557 (p. 16) and Episode 466, Whitebeard grins after Luffy declares that he will be Pirate King.
  71. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 558 (p. 17) and Episode 467, Whitebeard orders Marco to protect Luffy.
  72. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 570 (p. 4-5) and Episode 479, Whitebeard commands his forces to support Luffy.
  73. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 557 (p. 14-15) and Episode 466, Luffy protects Whitebeard from Crocodile's attack and explains his reason for doing so.
  74. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 557 (p. 8-9) and Episode 466, The Impel Down escapees arrive at Marineford.
  75. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 559 (p. 6-7) and Episode 468, Whitebeard proposes an alliance with Buggy.
  76. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 54 Chapter 529 (p. 4) and Episode 430, Jinbe notes that Whitebeard holds many territories under his protection.
  77. 77.0 77.1 77.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 581 (p. 7-8) and Episode 490, Brownbeard conquers Foodvalten after Whitebeard's death.
  78. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 62 Chapter 610 (p. 13) and Episode 529, Pappug reveals that Big Mom is currently protecting Fish-Man Island.
  79. 79.0 79.1 79.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 66 Chapter 650 (p. 7-8) and Episode 570, Jinbe reveals Blackbeard's recent activities to the Straw Hats.
  80. 80.0 80.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 9) and Episode 316, Whitebeard notes that very few people remain who remember the sea from Roger's era.
  81. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 13) and Episode 461, Whitebeard learns of Ace's lineage.
  82. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 54 Chapter 529 (p. 6-7) and Episode 430, The prisoners in level 6 of Impel Down express their desire to kill Whitebeard.
  83. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 554 (p. 11) and Episode 463, Whitebeard calls Akainu a brat.
  84. 84.0 84.1 84.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 575 (p. 6-7) and Episode 480, Whitebeard brutally injures Akainu for killing Ace.
  85. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 6-9) and Episode 485, Whitebeard declares that Blackbeard is not his son and attempts to kill him.
  86. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 13) and Episode 485, Whitebeard declares Blackbeard to be unworthy of succeeding Roger.
  87. 87.0 87.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 25 Chapter 234 (p. 10-13) and Episode 151, Whitebeard refuses to read Shanks's letter and tells him to come in person.
  88. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 14-15) and Episode 316, Whitebeard claims Shanks is still a brat who is too young to tell him what to do.
  89. 89.0 89.1 89.2 89.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 55 Chapter 533 (p. 3) and Episode 434, Shanks is revealed to have intercepted Kaido when the latter attempted to attack Whitebeard.
  90. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 580 (p. 14-15) and Episode 489, Shanks convinces Sengoku to end the Paramount War.
  91. 91.0 91.1 91.2 91.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 60 Chapter 590 (p. 8) and Episode 505, Shanks holds a funeral for Whitebeard and Ace.
  92. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 79 Chapter 795 (p. 17) and Episode 739, Kaido curses Whitebeard for having died while he could not.
  93. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 802 (p. 8) and Episode 752, Weevil's infobox lists him as being the self-proclaimed son of Whitebeard.
  94. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 802 (p. 6) and Episode 751, A Marine notes that many doubt Weevil's claim of being Whitebeard's son.
  95. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 802 (p. 10-11) and Episode 752, Weevil and Bakkin discuss their respective goals of avenging Whitebeard and claiming his treasure.
  96. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 802 (p. 9-10) and Episode 752, Bakkin claims that she was Whitebeard's lover and that his fortune belongs to her and Weevil.
  97. One Piece Manga — Vol. 90 Chapter 909.
  98. 98.0 98.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 16-17) and Episode 485, A narration of Whitebeard's death.
  99. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 550 (p. 7-12) and Episode 459, The forces gathered at Marineford to combat Whitebeard are detailed.
  100. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 7-8) and Episode 461, Ace seeks out Whitebeard in order to challenge him.
  101. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 557 (p. 13) and Episode 466, Crocodile attempts to attack Whitebeard.
  102. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 553 (p. 6) and Episode 462, Aokiji attacks Whitebeard with Ice Block: Partisan.
  103. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 553 (p. 16) and Episode 463, Kizaru attacks Whitebeard with Yasakani no Magatama.
  104. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 7-8) and Episode 485, Blackbeard enters combat with Whitebeard.
  105. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 557 (p. 16) and Episode 466, Luffy defiantly tells Whitebeard that he will be the Pirate King.
  106. 106.0 106.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 11-12) and Episode 461, Ace attempts to assassinate Whitebeard over 100 times.
  107. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 15-17) and Episode 316, Whitebeard and Shanks' clash causes the heavens to split.
  108. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 554 (p. 11) and Episode 463.
  109. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 564 (p. 6) and Episode 473.
  110. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 572 and Episode 481.
  111. 111.0 111.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 556 (p. 4-5) and Episode 465, Whitebeard defeats Ronse with one attack.
  112. 112.0 112.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 566 (p. 16-17) and Episode 475, Whitebeard defeats several dozen Marines with a quake-enhanced bisento swing.
  113. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 569 (p. 10-11) and Episode 478, Whitebeard defeats dozens of Marines with a single attack.
  114. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 564 (p. 6) and Episode 473, Whitebeard blocks John Giant's strike with one hand on his bisento.
  115. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 554 (p. 11) and Episode 463, Whitebeard extinguishes the flaming rock on the end of his bisento with a single breath.
  116. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 572 (p. 12-13) and Episode 481, Whitebeard stops Squard's paddle ship from advancing.
  117. 117.0 117.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 564 (p. 9) and Episode 473, Whitebeard knocks out John Giant with a shockwave.
  118. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 575 (p. 6) and Episode 484, Whitebeard sneaks up on Akainu prior to attacking him.
  119. 119.0 119.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 563 (p. 11) and Episode 472, Marco notes that Whitebeard's health has deteriorated.
  120. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 10-11, 14-15) and Episode 485, Whitebeard is killed by the Blackbeard Pirates.
  121. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 8) and Episode 485, Whitebeard incapacitates Blackbeard with a single blow from his bisento.
  122. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 571 (p. 9) and Episode 480, Kizaru pierces Whitebeard with a laser beam.
  123. One Piece Manga — Vol. 57 Chapter 558 (p. 3), Whitebeard sees through Sengoku's scheme and refuses to fall for it.
  124. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 562 (p. 3) and Episode 471, The pirates realize that Whitebeard scattered them so the Pacifista could not corner them.
  125. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 566 (p. 10-14) and Episode 475, Whitebeard uses Oars and a hidden paddle ship to bypass the siege wall.
  126. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 17) and Episode 462, Whitebeard is identified as having eaten the Gura Gura no Mi.
  127. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 58, Oda classifies the Gura Gura no Mi as the strongest Paramecia-type fruit.
  128. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 18) and Episode 462, Sengoku claims Whitebeard has the power to destroy the world.
  129. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 4-5) and Episode 461, Whitebeard creates large surges in the ocean with his powers.
  130. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 17-19) and Episode 462, Whitebeard's shockwaves create tsunamis on either side of Marineford.
  131. 131.0 131.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 553 (p. 6-7) and Episode 462, Whitebeard counters Aokiji's Ice Block: Partisan and shatters Aokiji himself with a shockwave.
  132. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 570 (p. 11) and Episode 479, Whitebeard defeats several Marines with a single shockwave.
  133. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 6-7) and Episode 485, Whitebeard attacks the Blackbeard Pirates with a shockwave.
  134. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 564 (p. 6-9) and Episode 473, Whitebeard uses Shima Yurashi to tilt Marineford and the surrounding ocean.
  135. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 568 (p. 2-3) and Episode 477, Whitebeard slashes through Inagumi Guren, causing a nearby tower to collapse.
  136. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 567 (p. 15) and Episode 476, Whitebeard counters Akainu's Dai Funka with a shockwave.
  137. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 567 (p. 4) and Episode 476, Whitebeard's vibrations prevent him from being frozen by Aokiji's Ice Ball.
  138. 138.0 138.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 577 (p. 13-15) and Episode 486, Blackbeard reveals he has stolen the power of the Gura Gura no Mi.
  139. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 93.
  140. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 570 (p. 2) and Episode 479, Fossa notes that Luffy possesses Haoshoku Haki like Whitebeard and Shanks do.
  141. 141.0 141.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 963 (p. 16-17), Oden and Whitebeard clash.
  142. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 569 (p. 13) and Episode 478, Whitebeard attempts to use Haoshoku Haki, but fails.
  143. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named c966
  144. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 563 (p. 11) and Episode 472, Crocodile reveals that Whitebeard defeated him in the past.
  145. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 574 (p. 7) and Episode 483, Marco and Vista attack Akainu with Busoshoku Haki, but fail to harm him.
  146. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 963 (p. 15), Edward Newgate senses Oden approaching him.
  147. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 557 (p. 13-14) and Episode 466, Whitebeard predicts but does not respond to Crocodile's surprise attack because Luffy defends him.
  148. One Piece Manga — Vol. 57 Chapter 562, Whitebeard fails to avoid Squard's sword.
  149. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 572 (p. 16) and Episode 481, A member of Whitebeard's former crew asks him what he wants.
  150. One Piece Manga — Vol. 90 Chapter 909.
  151. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 963 (p. 14-17).
  152. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 964 (p. 2-5).
  153. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 964 (p. 5, 7).
  154. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 964 (p. 11, 13-16).
  155. One Piece Manga — Vol. 96 Chapter 965.
  156. One Piece Manga — Vol. 96 Chapter 966.
  157. SOURCE UNKNOWN.
  158. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 54 Chapter 529 (p. 3) and Episode 430, Jinbe notes the effect that Whitebeard's protection had on Fish-Man Island.
  159. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 6-8) and Episode 461, Whitebeard learns of and confronts Ace.
  160. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 9-13) and Episode 461, Whitebeard defeats and recruits Ace.
  161. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 (p. 13-14) and Episode 461, Whitebeard learns of Ace's lineage and tries to keep him from pursuing Blackbeard.
  162. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 2-11) and Episode 316, Whitebeard and Shanks meet and discuss the past.
  163. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 434 (p. 12-17) and Episode 316, Whitebeard refuses to heed Shanks's advice and clashes with him.
  164. One Piece Anime — Episode 398, Doflamingo reveals that the Seven Warlords of the Sea are being mobilized to combat Whitebeard.
  165. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 54 Chapter 523 (p. 12) and Episode 417.
  166. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 551 (p. 15-19) and Episodes 460461.
  167. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 552 and Episode 461.
  168. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 553 and Episode 462.
  169. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 554 and Episode 463.
  170. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 555 and Episode 464.
  171. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 556 and Episode 465.
  172. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 557 and Episode 466.
  173. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 558 and Episode 467.
  174. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 559 and Episode 468.
  175. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 560 and Episode 469.
  176. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 561 and Episode 470.
  177. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 562 and Episode 471.
  178. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 563 and Episode 472.
  179. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 564 and Episode 473.
  180. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 565 and Episode 474.
  181. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 566 and Episode 475.
  182. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 567 and Episode 476.
  183. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 568 and Episode 477.
  184. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 569 and Episode 478.
  185. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 570 and Episode 479.
  186. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 571 and Episode 480.
  187. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 572 and Episode 481.
  188. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 573 and Episode 482.
  189. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 574 and Episode 483.
  190. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 575 and Episode 484.
  191. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 and Episode 485.
  192. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 580 (p. 14-15) and Episode 489, Sengoku permits Shanks to take Whitebeard and Ace's bodies and give them a proper burial.
  193. One Piece Manga — Vol. 68 Chapter 668, cover story: From the Decks of the World Vol. 48, Whitebeard and Ace's graves two years are shown after the timeskip.
  194. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 576 (p. 14) and Episode 485, Whitebeard confirms that One Piece exists.
  195. One Piece Manga — Vol. 80 Chapter 802, Weevil and Bakkin want Whitebeard's fortune.
  196. The color of the insides of Whitebeard's coat is changed to red on the cover of Volume 57.
  197. One Piece Anime — Episode 484, Whitebeard's fight against Akainu and the wounds he receives from the latter are altered in the anime.
  198. One Piece Anime — Episode 485, Whitebeard's battle against Blackbeard and speech about One Piece are altered in the anime.
  199. http://myfigurecollection.net/item/137217
  200. http://myfigurecollection.net/item/40155
  201. http://myfigurecollection.net/item/28515
  202. http://myfigurecollection.net/item/93916
  203. http://file.onepiece.ria10.com/1789717f.jpeg
  204. One Piece Yellow: Grand Elements , Oda reveals who the model for Whitebeard was.
  205. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 58, fan question: When does Whitebeard use the boomerang he's got under his nose?

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