Alcohol (酒,Sake?, alternatively Shū) refers to a number of beverages made from fermented grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar. It is notable for its general longevity, and potential for mentally (and physically) impairing drinkers.
Alcoholic beverages - such as rum - are a prevalent part of pirate culture.Shanks and the Red Hair Pirates are, due to their hard-partying lifestyle, especially fond of drinking (a fact that partly contributed to the Higuma incident at Partys Bar).
Besides outright consumption, alcohol may be used to honor both contracts with the living and spirits of the dead. The drink itself is also celebrated by songs such as Binks' Sake, a favorite among the Rumbar Pirates - and later on, the Straw Hat Pirates.
In the 4Kids dubbed anime, all references to alcohol are altered to "juice" (or euphemisms like "the strong stuff") in order to comply with broadcast standards. The televised Funimation dub generally followed this convention, though the uncut dub generally keeps all references to alcohol intact.
Beer (ビール,Bīru?) is an alcoholic drink most commonly made from fermented cereals, such as barley or wheat.
The Ithürzburger Stein (イテュルツブルガー・シュタイン,Ithurutsuburugā Shutain?) is a wine produced on Micqueot, which supposedly possesses a sour and dry taste.
Déesse is a brand of alcohol, apparently red wine. When a 25-years old Donquixote Doflamingo woke up from a nightmare of being lynched by a mob during his 8-years old childhood, he gulped down a bottle's worth sloppily to cool his head, dripping some on his chin, and then tossed the bottle and what little remained in it to the ground before picking up a ringing Den Den Mushi. "Déesse" is the French word for "Goddess".
Rum (ラム,Ramu?) is a strong alcoholic drink typically made from either sugarcane or molasses. It has a long and storied history in popular culture surrounding pirates and the world of One Piece is no exception.
Virtually all Japanese alcohols brewed from fermented rice are conflated as Sake in colloquial English. In Japanese proper, this may correspond to many different terms, the most prominent being Nihonshu (日本酒,Nihonshū?, lit. "Japanese alcohol") and Seishu (清酒,Seishū?, lit. "clear alcohol").
Rice brews are almost never specified by in-story dialogue, instead being inferred from various "traditional" trappings:
A close-up of Shanks' brew, fondly deemed "medicinal water" (療治の水,Ryōji no mizu?).
Kaidou's standard drinking vessel, a traditional gourd-bottle.
A standard banquet from Orochi, featuring Wano's highest-quality brew.
The following events are Non-Canon and therefore not considered part of the Canon story.
Hakushu (白酒,Hakushū?, lit. "white alcohol") is a type of rice brew deliberately produced without filtering, leaving much of the rice sediment intact. This lends it a milky white color, porridge-like texture, and overall sweet taste.
Jerez is Z's favorite type of alcohol. Kuzan gave him a bottle of it, which Z later drank just before his final fight with Luffy. It is sold in 0.75L bottles and produced in Sherry. This is a pun on sherry (known as Jerez in Spain), a wine produced in the city of Jerez de la Frontera in Spain.
Concludes non-canon section.
Liqueur (リキュール,Rikyūru?) is a sweetened alcoholic drink, typically made by combining fruits, herbs, or various spices with distilled spirits. One of Totto Land's islands is named after this beverage.
Umeshu (梅酒,Umeshu?, commonly called "plum wine" in English) is a liqueur created by steeping unripe ume fruits in alcohol and sugar.
Despite her advanced age, Dr. Kureha is extremely found of umeshu, and keeps a bottle of it handy at all times.
The 4Kids dubbed anime refers to this drink as "bug juice" (an American slang term with several different connotations, some involving alcohol) containing high amounts of sugar.
Monkey Brew (猿酒,Saruzake?, Official English: "Monkey Wine") is a colloquialism for alcohol produced "naturally"—i.e. from materials fermented without any human involvement. As its name suggests, it is popularly linked to monkeys leaving fruit scraps to ferment in tree hollows and other crevices.
Zou produces a drink of this name, made from native fruits by monkey Minks such as Monjii. This, ironically, qualifies it as "Monkey Brew" only in the most literal sense.
Water (水,Mizu?) is a transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid. It's a vital substance to all known forms of life.
During the Arabasta Arc, water was the main driving force of the conflict between the Arabastan KingNefertari Cobra and the Rebel Army led by Koza due to the lack of rain caused by the use of Dance Powder, an illegal substance that forces artificial rain to happen in a certain location in detriment of natural ones happening on neighboring places.
It was later revealed that this scheme was all orchestrated by the then WarlordCrocodile, who not only started an entire conflict that he could exploit to achieve his goals, but also managed to prevent water, which is the main weakness of his Suna Suna no Mi, from being used against himself. Luffy, however, would be able to use water against him in their second encounter.
Mineral water is natural spring water. South Aso mineral water was served to Sanji as a child during his imprisonment.
Juice (ジュース,Jūsu?) is a general name given for non-alcoholic drinks extracted from fruits and vegetables.
Juice is particularly abundant in Totto Land, where several islands have rivers made of varying flavors of juice.
Pumpkin Juice (かぼちゃジュース,Kabocha Jūsu?) is juice extracted from pumpkins. Gan Fall is very fond of pumpkin juice and is known for serving it to guests on his house. It is also served at the Pumpkin Cafe.
Vegetable Juice (野菜ジュース,Yasai Jūsu?) is juice extracted from various vegetables. Franky consumed this by accident during his fight with Fukurou at Enies Lobby, causing him to feel healthy, but not actually powering him up.
Melon Juice (ウリジュース,Uri Jūsu?) is juice extracted from melons. The Seducing Woods have a river made of this kind of juice, where a crocodile homie lives.
Apple Juice (林檎ジュース,Ringo Jūsu?) is juice extracted from apples. The Seducing Woods from Whole Cake Island appear to have a waterfall consisting of apple juice, which Pound constantly craves for.
Cola (コーラ,Kōra?) is a type of beverage which is a sweet carbonated drink.
Due to its sweetness and lack of alcoholic content, cola is traditionally popular with children, and is often served at sporting events and other amusements such as the Davy Back Fight.
Cola is also an essential source of energy for Franky of the Straw Hat Pirates. As a cyborg model "BF-36", Franky is equipped with a mini-fridge where his stomach would normally be, which can store up to three bottles (approximately six liters) of cola. Should his cola levels run low, his attacks will become significantly weaker; his new model "BF-37" also uses cola as fuel.
The Straw Hats' second ship, the Thousand Sunny, similarly uses cola for attacks and extreme maneuvers.
On the Color Spread of chapters 566 and 911 a brand called Musha Cora is seen to be enjoyed by the Straw Hats.
The following events are Non-Canon and therefore not considered part of the Canon story.
Tea (茶,Cha?) is an aromatic beverage, created by combining hot water with the dried leaves of a tea plant. Despite its (apparent) simplicity, it may be processed, blended, and served in many different ways, corresponding to many categories and subtypes. While the basic varieties function as little more than common refreshments, more elaborate ones may serve as luxuries exclusive to aristocrats and royalty.
Green Tea (緑茶,Ryokucha?) is traditionally defined by the lack of oxidation in its processing, which generally produces a light-green drink of relatively mild flavor and caffeine content. In Japanese culture, it is considered the premier tea, and nearly always prefixed with the O (お,O?) honorific.
Green tea is also known to have strange effects on Franky's unique cyborg physiology; if used as "fuel" in place of his standard cola, it will turn his ordinarily loud, aggressive personality into a peaceable, laid-back "hayseed" stereotype. Franky can, however, drink it conventionally without any such side-effects.
Black Tea (紅茶,Kōcha?, lit. "red tea") is traditionally defined by the heavy oxidation in its processing, which generally produces a deep-red drink of relatively strong flavor and caffeine content. It is the most prominent tea in many Western cultures—particularly Great Britain and Ireland, which stereotypically garnish it with sugar, milk, and/or lemon.
This tea is commonly drunk by those trying to affect an intellectual or "refined" air, and is Sanji's favorite drink in particular. Other known drinkers include Kalifa, Brook, and Tamago (who typically drinks from a cup that doubles as part of his hat). During the Vinsmoke Family lunch with the Charlotte Family a homie canister of Black Tea has offered to make Sanji a drink, which he took. The canister was present when the Vinsmoke talk about their plans after the wedding.
Earl Grey (アールグレイ,Ārugurei?) is a distinct black-tea blend flavored with Bergamot oil. It is popular not only as a drink in itself, but as a flavoring for many pastries and candies.
Galdino favors this tea above all, and during his time as "Mr. 3" regularly drank it with an elaborate porcelain set (including a cup with his code-number patterned all around the rim). When he accidentally found Galdino's base on Little Garden, Sanji also partook in it.
Coffee (コーヒー,Kōhī?) is a brewed drink made from coffee beans, typically served hot. Due to its bitterness, some drinkers prefer to mix it with sugar or milk.
Nico Robin is said to be partial to coffee (as well as foods that complement it). This preference is, ironically, shared by Spandam (who frequently spills it due to his clumsiness and various other distractions).
The G-2Marine Base's coffee was once notoriously bitter, and loathed by everyone up to Vice AdmiralComil. This was ameliorated after Portgas D. Ace delivered them a letter from the milkmaid Moda (whose parents served as the base cooks), opening the base to a steady supply of milk for their coffee.
Milk (ミルク,Miruku?) is a nutrient-rich liquid extracted from mammals, most commonly cows or goats. It can be drunk by itself, used to garnish other foods and drinks, or processed into a number of dairy items (such as cheese).
Brook is fond of milk, which can apparently heal any damage to his body in instants (under the reasoning that milk is good for the bones, which Usopp loudly objected to).
Luffy and Brook were able to regrow their lost teeth when they drank milk from the Fire Tank Pirates' kitchen, much to the shock of the member who saw this feat.
↑One Piece Manga — Vol. 1Chapter 1 (p. 11), Makino delivers a cask labeled "BEER" to the Red Hair Pirates. This technically makes beer the first alcoholic drink in the series; ironically, it has never been mentioned in any dialogue.
↑One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1Chapter 1 (p. 9) and Episode 4, Shanks tricks a seven-year-old Luffy into drinking juice to "prove" he is not ready to go out to sea. Note that the VIZ translation of this chapter refers to the juice as milk.