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Kozuki Oden was the daimyo of Kuri in Wano Country, the son of former Wano shogun Kozuki Sukiyaki, the husband of Kozuki Toki, father of Kozuki Momonosuke and Kozuki Hiyori, and the Kozuki Family patriarch until his execution 20 years ago at Kurozumi Orochi's hands. Notably, he was served by the Nine Red Scabbards, his extremely loyal, powerful retainers.[2]

Oden was also a division commander[5] of the Whitebeard Pirates[6] and later a member of the Roger Pirates.[3] 


Oden was a fairly large man, towering over the young Shanks and Buggy and standing head and shoulders above most of the Flower Capital citizens. He has long, wild dark hair that is notably gathered into a large, flat, circular plane at the top.

At age 18, he wore a light kimono, leaving most of his legs exposed; the kimono had two crescent moon designs on it. Oden also wore a large nio-dasuki tied around his shoulders that ran down his back.[4]


Oden was an extremely brash, confident, and self-willed man. This motivated him to commit outrageous and violent actions for his own benefit during his youth and adolescence, such as burning down the yakuza casino after being banned from it and kidnapping women at night to form a harem in the mountains. Overall, Oden was known for getting into a significant number of violent fights, and he cared little for the consequences of his actions, as he gladly stood his ground against the yakuza and the loved ones of the women when fighting broke out as a result of the two aforementioned incidents. Although most men were appalled by his actions, his attitude made him very attractive to women, including the ones he kidnapped for his harem as they stayed with him willingly.[4]

Despite his rowdy behavior, Oden was a very compassionate man. He took in the orphaned Izo and Kikunojo. Upon seeing the conditions in Kuri, Oden decided to use his power to reform the region. He also did not tolerate discrimination, as he saved Kawamatsu, Inuarashi, and Nekomamushi from bullies and criticized their torturers after giving them a well deserved beating. He also saw the three as helpless children rather than monsters and being amazed by their uniqueness.[7]

After being sentenced to work in the quarries, Oden became less selfish and started acting to improve the lives of the Flower Capital citizens around him. However, these actions were just as outrageous and ill-thought-out as the ones Oden committed to benefit himself. The most notable example is when he attempted to help out the citizens during a drought by diverting a river into the city, which caused the city to become flooded. Additionally, when a Mountain God attacked the Flower Capital, Oden quickly went to action to try to deal with it. Oden seems to often mean well but acts in ways that are reckless and potentially alienating to those around him. For example, to honor a deceased man he once knew, Oden cooked a pot of oden soup over the cremated remains and "shared one last drink" with his former friend, much to the dismay of his mourning family members.[4] After being exiled by Sukiyaki, he seemed to have found an outlet for his unconventional attempts at heroism, as he was able to bring peace to Kuri and rebuild its infrastructure in only two years.[1]

Oden was also extremely adventurous and wanted to illegally set sail away from Wano Country, viewing it as too cramped.[1] In his youth, he viewed this dream as more important than preparing to succeed his father as shogun.[8] After sailing with the Roger Pirates, he decided that he wanted to take over as shogun and open Wano's borders, wanting to change the entire world through the policy.[9]

Oden's favorite food was oden soup which is the only food he ever ate and also cooked to fed his retainers during his journey around Wano and he also loved to drink sake, having started drinking alcohol when he was only eight years old.[1]



Kozuki Sukiyaki

As Kozuki Sukiyaki's son, Oden was the heir of his clan and also to the Wano's shogunate. However, due to Oden's tendency to pick violent fights, Sukiyaki was frustrated by his son's violent and out-of-control nature. He exiled Oden from the Flower Capital and even barred him from stepping into the castle. Yasuie believed that the banishment was simply tough love though Oden did not actually resent his father for banishing him. When Oden restored order and peace to the lawless region of Kuri, Sukiyaki was deeply impressed with his son that he withdrew his disownment and made him the daimyo of Kuri.

In their last meeting, Sukiyaki was surprised and proud of his son for maturing when becoming a Daimyo.[10]

Kozuki Toki

Oden married Toki, a time traveler from the past during his youth. Toki loved Oden dearly as, after his execution by Orochi and Kaido, she used her Devil Fruit powers to send his retainers Kin'emon, Kanjuro, Raizo, Kikunojo, and Momonosuke to the future in order for them to realize Oden's dream of opening the borders of the Wano Country. She chose to remain behind in the burning castle of Kuri to meet her end hoping to join her husband in the afterlife.


Oden loved his children, having bequeathed his favorite swords Ame no Habakiri and Enma to both Momonosuke and Hiyori as heirlooms before his execution. Oden would encourage Momonosuke to follow his footsteps to travel overseas in order to learn more about the world, and Momonosuke was deeply saddened by his death. His daughter Hiyori held such immense respect for him, that she lived by a strict code of dignity as a samurai's daughter and absolutely refused to bow to his archenemy and murderer Orochi even when threatened with death.


Nine Red Scabbards

When Oden restored order to Kuri, he became particularly close to seven outlaws: Kin'emon, Kanjuro, Raizo, Kikunojou, Kawamatsu, Denjiro, and Ashura Doji. They became extremely loyal to Oden and would do anything to support him. They became Oden's direct retainers and closest confidants known as the Nine Red Scabbards. Later, after being set up by Orochi's schemes to usurp the shogunate, Oden sacrificed himself to allow his retainers to escape the Beasts Pirates. Kin'emon, Kanjuro, and Raizo were shown grieving over his death.[3]

When Kawamatsu, Inuarashi, and Nekomamushi were persecuted in Wano, Oden defended them from discrimination. From that point on, Inuarashi and Nekomamushi were extremely loyal to Oden

At Yasuie’s persuasion, the group trained in manners and strength in order to make themselves into proper retainers. Oden was surprised by their abrupt change but came around to the idea of his followers.[11]

After Oden's death, the group fell apart with Kawamatsu and Ashura being regarded as criminals. While Inuarashi and Nekomamushi’s friendship became strained to the point that they became archenemies, refusing to meet each other for over twenty years. When Kozuki Momonosuke saw Inuarashi and Nekomamushi he questioned whether Oden was the reason for their bitterness toward each other. Momonosuke claimed that his father would be saddened if he saw them fighting, a remark that caused the two to reconcile their feud, showing their respect toward his father.[2] Alongside Momonosuke, Kin'emon, Kanjuro, and Raizo, they too grieved at the mention of Oden's demise.[3]

Mink Tribe

Due to the loyalty of their rulers, all the minks on Zou respect Oden and the Kozuki Family enough to sacrifice their lives for one of their retainers.[12]

Wano Country Citizens

Before his exile from the Flower Capital, he was despised and feared by the citizen for many outrageous things in his life.

After becoming the daimyo of Kuri, Oden had worked hard to improve the lives of Wano citizens by creating rivers and wharfs to connect various villages and people, thus most Wano citizens including samurais held immense love and respect for Oden. When Oden was unjustly executed by Orochi and Kaido, the countless Wano samurais banded together to stage a massive rebellion to avenge Oden only to be thwarted by Kaido. After twenty years, surviving Kozuki loyalists such as Shinobu patiently waited for Momonosuke and Kin'emon, Raizo and Kanjuro's return in order to overthrow Kaido and Orochi and to realize Oden's dream of opening the borders of Wano.

Shimotsuki Family

As the heir of the Kozuki Family, Oden has a close friendship with the renowned Shimotsuki Family, particularly Yasuie, whom he referred to as "uncle". After he was exiled from the Flower Capital by his father, Oden had sought refuge in Hakumai under Yasuie's care. Oden was even perfectly content to relinquish his birthright of becoming the next Wano Country Shogun to Yasuie which the latter strictly berated him for. Heeding Yasuie's advice to prove himself a great samurai, Oden traveled to the lawless region of Kuri to restore order and prosperity to the region. Yasuie also showed his support for Oden by giving away massive amounts of money to the Nine Red Scabbards including encouraging them to become the best samurais in Wano in order to effectively support Oden. After Oden was executed, Yasuie and Ushimaru had also tried to avenge Oden by staging a rebellion only for it to end in failure due to Kaido.


Oden held absolute respect for his idol Hyogoro of the Flower for his immense chivalry as a samurai. Twenty years after his death, Hyogoro joined Momonosuke and the Nine Red Scabbards in the revolution to overthrow Kaido and Orochi in Oden's memory.

Roger Pirates

As a member of the Roger Pirates, he was a well-respected individual among his crew. Roger and Shanks both took a liking to Oden.[5] He referred to Shanks and Buggy as his respective first and second sons, though the latter was annoyed for being called one. The entire crew wanted to help Oden’s wish to make Wano Country open to the world but Oden declined as he wanted to solve the problem on his own.

Whitebeard Pirates

Before becoming a member of the Roger Pirates, Oden was once a member of the Whitebeard Pirates, as well as a Division Commander. It is currently unknown how long he was a member as well as how well he got along with the other members of the crew. However, it is implied that because of his status as a division commander, he had a great amount of respect within the crew, and had the respect and leadership over the lower members of the Yonko's crew. According to both Inuarashi and Sengoku, Whitebeard was greatly fond of Oden.[1][5]


Beasts Pirates

Kaido sought the Kozuki Family because Oden had been to Laugh Tale. Refusing to let Kaido get the information, Oden retaliated by attacking Kaido, giving him a massive scar, and also sacrificed himself to allow his retainers to escape. The Beasts Pirates were eager to kill him in sadistic ways, including boiling him like his namesake.[3]

Kurozumi Orochi

A man of such small caliber shall never in his life truly devour Oden!!
— Shimotsuki Yasuie mockingly using Oden's name to insult Orochi's cowardice.

When they first met, Oden did found him strange and Orochi was willing to lay on a puddle on Oden's behalf. After Orochi quit being Yasuie's servant, Oden lent him money out of kindness.

Rather than repaying Oden's generousity, Orochi orchestrated a despicable scheme to become Shogun, by setting up Oden and sentencing him to death. After Oden's death, his legacy has become taboo to Orochi, who became paranoid over his wife's prophecy that after twenty years, nine samurais would exact vengeance on him in Oden's name. Yasuie even used Oden's namesake to mock Orochi's cowardice.

Abilities and Powers

As daimyo of Kuri, Oden had a large amount of power and influence over the region before his death. Nami even deduced that given his position, he must had possessed a large sum of wealth. He also had the ability to hear the "Voice of All Things",[2] which his son also inherited. Being a former member of both the Whitebeard Pirates, as a former Divison Commander, and the Roger Pirates, Oden was regarded as being a tremendously powerful pirate with a great level of influence in both crews. His influence even extends toward the members of the Mink Tribe on Zou, with the leaders Inuarashi and Nekomamushi being members of the Nine Red Scabbards.

Additionally, the rest of the Mink Tribe has shown enough respect and loyalty toward the Kozuki Family that all of them were willing to die rather than to allow one of Oden's retainers from being captured even after Oden died. In spite of all the conflicts that he had with the Yakuza over the years, his death had such an impact on the leaders of the Yakuza that they staged their own rebellion against Kurozumi Orochi who had allied with Kaido before they were all captured and sent to Udon prison.

Oden possessed a tremendous combination of combat skills and charisma. His combat prowess was seen at an early age, when he got into massive battles and altercations with powerful samurai and yakuza and survived, causing an implied high number of casualties over the years. Despite being frequently pursued by authorities in his youth, he was only captured once and eluded capture many times afterward. His combat and charisma combination was best seen in his restoration of peace to Kuri, where he defeated the powerful Ashura Doji and then proceeded to round up the rest of the dangerous criminals and get them to work under him, including Ashura. Prior to this, he also demonstrated his charisma by quickly becoming a figure of high repute as a laborer in the quarry.[1][4]

Literary Skills

Despite his brash personality, Oden has great literary skills, having started writing a log book detailing his journey around Wano Country. As a descendant of the Kozuki Family, Oden also inherited from his ancestors the knowledge and skill to read Poneglyphs and write its ancient language.[3]

Culinary Expertise

Oden is an expert in cooking oden soup, having managed to use the fire of Katsuou's cremation to cook a large pot of oden soup. Oden is also the one in charge of cooking food for his retainers during his journey around Wano. Kawamatsu and Inuarashi greatly enjoyed Oden's delicious oden soup.

Physical Abilities

Oden had tremendous physical strength since infancy, during which he flung his wet nurse across the room. By age two, he could catch rabbits with his bare hands, and at age four, he killed a bear by throwing a boulder at it. At adulthood, Oden can carry a giant Koi carp which he caught at sea by himself, and exert enough physical power in his swordsmanship to clash with Whitebeard's Murakumogiri. To match his tremendous strength, Oden also has astounding tolerance to pain, as he could hold a hot pot with his bare hands,[4]. He had immense stamina and endurance, able to fight against the criminals and ronin of Kuri joined led by Ashura Doji for an entire night alone with multiple wounds such as arrows sticking out of his body yet still came out victorious.


Oden was an extremely powerful master samurai, dual-wielding a pair of legendary blades in a style of swordsmanship called Daito Nitoryu (大刀二刀流 Daitō Nitōryū?, literally meaning "Long-Sword Two-Sword Style").[13] At least during his younger days, Oden himself referred to his swordsmanship as Oden Nitoryu (おでん二刀流 Oden Nitōryū?, literally meaning "Oden Two Swords Style"), known in the VIZ manga as Oden Two-Sword Style.[14]

Even at age nine, Oden could fight an entire Yakuza gang in the Flower Capital. At age 18, he struck down a massive beast known as the Mountain God. As Kin'emon stated, it was by his swordsmanship that Oden was able to tame the formerly lawless Kuri, fighting all of its outlaws and ronins alone, including defeating the region's most dangerous criminal, Ashura Doji (someone noted to be worth 100 men in battle).[1] Even more notably according to Tenguyama Hitetsu, Oden was the only one who fully mastered Enma's negative drawbacks, and was able to use it to permanently scar the near-invulnerable Kaido, something no one else has been able to before and after.[15]


  • Togen Shirataki (桃源白滝とうげんしらたき Tōgen Shirataki?, literally meaning "Paradise White Waterfall"): Oden hardens both his swords with Busoshoku Haki, then delivers a diagonal slash with each one of them at the same time. This technique has immense power and range, as seen when Oden used the technique to cut down the massive Mountain God, cleanly bisecting it in half.[16] "Shirataki" is a type of Japanese noodles. In the VIZ manga, this is called Paradise Waterfall.


Oden's swords.

Oden wielded two Meito of the O Wazamono grade: Ame no Habakiri (the sword said to be able to cut "heaven" itself) and its sister sword Enma (the sword said to be able to cut to the "bottom of hell"),[13][17] with the latter being the only known blade that has ever harmed Kaido.[15]


Further information: Haki

Haoshoku Haki

Oden and Whitebeard's clash of Haoshoku Haki.

According to Ashura, Oden possessed Haoshoku Haki, a very rare type of Haki whose users are said to have the qualities of a king.[18] During his initial encounter with Edward Newgate 30 years ago, their sudden clash created a notable effect similar to lightning and released a large burst.[19]

Busoshoku Haki

Oden using "Ryuo" to harden his swords.

Oden was an exceptionally skilled master of Busoshoku Haki, which is known as "Ryuo" in Wano. This is most noted as he was the only samurai who could tame the Meito, Enma despite its dangerous haki-draining properties[20], which even Kin'emon, a member of the Nine Red Scabbards, feared to accept. As a true and further testament to his skills, he was able to wound even the nigh-invincible Kaido whereas even Luffy using Boundman could not even damage him, displaying his supreme mastery of this Haki compared to Zoro who had his arm emaciated after his initial attempt at using Enma although he forced his Haki back into his arm.

Even at the age of eighteen, he was already masterful in using "Ryuo", as he could imbue it into both his swords (Ame no Habakiri and Enma) hardening them and cleanly bisect the gigantic Mountain God of Wano in a single slash.[16] At the age of twenty-one, Oden could harden both his swords and clashed with Murakumogiri, one of the 12 Saijo O Wazamono.


Chaotic Youth

Oden was born in the Flower Capital of Wano Country to the shogun Kozuki Sukiyaki 59 years before the present day, and he began committing outrageous acts as soon as infancy. When he was less than a year old, he threw his wet nurse across the room. When he was 2, he caught two rabbits with his bare hands, and at age 4, he killed a bear by throwing a large boulder at it. Starting at age 6, he started roaming the Red-Light District and participating in casinos, and by the time he was 8, he started drinking booze and began picking fights with gamblers. At age 9, even the yakuza had banned him from their casino. This resulted in Oden setting their casino on fire and starting a conflict with them, culminating in his capture a year later after he almost killed someone.[4]

As punishment, Oden was sentenced to hard labor in the quarries, and he worked well enough there to gain significant prestige. When he was 14, he attempted to help the Flower Capital citizens during a great drought by diverting a river to the city. However, this resulted in the Capital becoming flooded, and the authorities attempted to capture Oden again. To escape, Oden set out to sea for the very first time, but was quickly forced to return to land. When he was 15 and still in hiding, he started working at a mountain temple, where he formed a harem of women whom he kidnapped from the Capital at night. The women's loved ones, as well as many powerful samurai, went after Oden to stop him, but Oden stood his ground, resulting in the massive Harem Revolt (ハーレムの乱 Hāremu no Ran?, VIZ Media: Harem War).[4]

For the next three years, Oden attempted to set out to sea 38 times. He quickly failed every time, though he managed to survive. At age 18, he went into the Flower Capital and proceeded to cook a pot of oden soup over the cremated remains of a man named Katsuzo. After leaving the crematorium, he saw that a Mountain God was attacking the Flower Capital, and overheard Kin'emon and Denjiro talking about the Mountain God's offspring being in their possession. Oden then told them to give him the giant boar's offspring.[4]

Oden then took the white boar when Kin'emon tried attacking the Mountain God. After Kin'emon was overpowered, Oden used the white boar to get the Mountain God's attention. As the giant beast charged at him, Oden struck it down. When Kin'emon was going to take responsibility for the Mountain God's attack, Oden knocked him out and took the blame himself. His father's aide then delivered a message to him, saying that he was disowned and exiled from the Flower Capital. Out of gratitude and awe, Kin'emon and Denjiro began following him.[21]

Life as a Daimyo and Pirate

After leaving the capital, Oden moved to Shimotsuki Yasuie's residence at Hakumai, where he also met Orochi, who was working as a servant there. Yasuie later got mad at Oden for living as a vagabond instead of rising to his father's challenge. Oden told Yasuie how he wanted to set out to sea, and Yasuie replied that he had to become a competent samurai before he could be so selfish.[8]

Oden stood victorious against Ashura and his goons.

After hearing about Ashura Doji, Oden decided to journey to Kuri, which was Wano's most lawless region. During the journey, he was followed by Kin'emon and Denjiro. Along the way, the group was joined by Kikunojo and Izo at Ringo, Kanjuro at Kibi, and Raizo at Udon. Oden entered Kuri alone and fought all the bandits there, including Ashura, Kuri's most dangerous criminal. By the time his companions arrived, Oden had defeated all of his enemies. With the help of his companions, Oden rounded up the other criminals to bring peace to Kuri.[22] He had the residents work to build a village to live in, and he built the Paradise Farm to feed them. Oden was then granted the title of daimyo of Kuri at the age of 20 after Sukiyaki heard about his deeds.[1] In addition, Oden chose the companions he made on his journey as well as the reformed Ashura to be his retainers. After Orochi quit being Yasuie's servant, Oden lent him money to support him.

While fishing at Kuri Beach, Oden discovered Inuarashi, Nekomamushi, and Kawamatsu being tormented by humans who persecuted them. Oden rescued the three and they followed him back to Kuri and became his retainers. 30 years ago, Oden heard that his father had fallen ill and he visited the Flower Capital with his retainers. Oden then spoke with his father one last time. Some time later, Oden heard that a pirate ship arrived and he rushed off to meet the crew. Oden encountered the Whitebeard Pirates and he asked to join the crew after a brief clash with Whitebeard.[23]

Oden married Kozuki Toki, and they had a son named Momonosuke followed by a daughter named Hiyori.[1]

He later left the country illegally with Inuarashi and Nekomamushi and set sail with the Whitebeard Pirates[24] and became one of the crew's division commanders.[5] Oden later sailed with the Roger Pirates, and went with them to Laugh Tale.[3]


Over 20 years before the present, Oden left Roger's crew and returned to Wano Country, despite the country's rules on leaving and returning to its borders. Around that time, he was executed in the Flower Capital by Kaido and Kurozumi Orochi for refusing to divulge information of Laugh Tale, and he died without passing on the knowledge of the Poneglyphs to Momonosuke. His last words to his son and retainers were his wish to open Wano to the outside world.[3]


After this, Kaido would later attack the rest of his family and retainers and burn down Oden Castle in an attempt to kill his heirs and prevent the Kozuki Family from fulfilling Oden's final wishes, an attempt that was ultimately foiled by his wife sending Momonosuke and the remaining retainers 20 years into the future with her Toki Toki no Mi power. Inuarashi and Nekomamushi, both of whom began arguing after the execution, were caught and not sent forward through time. Both of them escaped and returned to Zou alive, but became bitter towards each other for the next twenty years until Momonosuke, who arrived via Toki's power, persuaded them to reconcile for Oden's sake.[1]

With Kaido and his crew occupying the Wano Country, and with Orochi now the Shogun of Wano, the two went to great lengths to undo Oden's work within the country, with Orochi and his followers destroying the reputation of Oden and the entire Kozuki Family throughout the country, and with the Beasts Pirates, under the leadership of Jack of the Disasters taking control over Kuri and all of its resources.

His dream to open Wano to the rest of the world now lives on in his son, Momonosuke, as well as his retainers, as they planned to recruit allies from both inside and outside of the country to overthrow Orochi and Kaido. After meeting and befriending Monkey D. Luffy and Trafalgar D. Water Law, Momonosuke and his retainers formed an alliance with the Straw Hat and Heart Pirates and the entire Mink Tribe in the pursuit of achieving this goal, forming the Ninja-Pirate-Mink-Samurai Alliance as a result.[25] Jibuemon, a former retainer of Oden's father, gathered people who still supported their cause within the country, all in anticipation for the return of the missing members of the Kozuki Family.[1]

A simple grave with a wooden post bearing his name was later made for him on the ruins of his old castle which stood alongside the "graves" of his son and retainers who were presumed deceased by Wano's natives.[26] Oden also passed on his two swords to each of his children: the Ame no Habakiri for Momonosuke and Enma for Hiyori. The swords were left in the care of Tenguyama Hitetsu until the children could claim them.

Major Battles


  • Oden is the name of a traditional Japanese winter dish.
  • Oden is similar to Montblanc Noland, as they are both the main protagonists of flashback stories in which they are executed in the end by greedy nobles, who then besmirched their family names through lies and misinformation.
  • Oden bears a resemblance to Heracles, a divine hero in Greek mythology:
    • Both possessed tremendous strength since infancy.
    • Both had numerous affairs with women.
    • Some of Oden's actions are based on the Twelve Labours of Heracles:
      • Oden defeating the Mountain God is based on the fourth labour, the capture of the Erymanthian Boar.
      • Oden's attempt to help the Flower Capital citizens during a great drought by diverting a river to the city is based on the fifth labour, cleaning the Augean stables in a single day. Unlike Heracles, Oden's action ended in disaster.
    • Both were rejected and disowned by one of their family members (Heracles' nemesis was Hera and Oden was disowned by his father, Kozuki Sukiyaki).
    • Both were sailors (Heracles was part of the Argonauts and Oden sailed with the Whitebeard Pirates and Roger Pirates).
    • Both had fathers who were rulers of their respective domains (Heracles's father was Zeus, King and ruler of Olympus; Oden's father was the head of the Kozuki family and shogun of Wano).


  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 91 Chapter 920 (p. 2-4) and Episode 910.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 817 (p. 6-10) and Episode 768, The Kozuki Family is revealed.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 818 (p. 12-17) and Episode 770, Oden travels with the Roger Pirates is mentioned.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 960, Oden is seen in full for the first time.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 957.
  6. One Piece Manga — Vol. 82 Chapter 820.
  7. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 963.
  8. 8.0 8.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 93 Chapter 942.
  9. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 958.
  10. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 963.
  11. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 963.
  12. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 81 Chapter 816 (p. 13-17) and Episode 767.
  13. 13.0 13.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 954 (p. 2-3), Oden is said to have wielded both Enma and Ame no Habakiri in a Daito Nitoryu style.
  14. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 961 (p. 11), Oden refers to his swordsmanship as "Oden Two-Sword Style".
  15. 15.0 15.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 94 Chapter 953 (p. 17), The sword Enma is said to be the only weapon that injured Kaido.
  16. 16.0 16.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 961 (p. 12-13), Oden bisects the Mountain God. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "c961" defined multiple times with different content
  17. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 955 (p. 5).
  18. One Piece Manga — Vol. 92 Chapter 924 (p. 6), Shutenmaru notes that Luffy used Oden's ability after seeing him use Haoshoku Haki.
  19. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 963 (p. 17-18), Oden and Whitebeard clash
  20. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 955 (p. 8), Tenguyama about Enma's unique trait to drain Ryuo
  21. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 961.
  22. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 962.
  23. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 963.
  24. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 820 (p. 2-4) and Episode 772, Inuarashi and Nekomamushi talk about their past.
  25. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 819 (p. 13) and Episode 771.
  26. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 91 Chapter 918 (p. 17) and Episode 908, Oden's grave is seen in the Kozuki Family burial ground.

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