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Monkey D. Luffy, also known as " Straw Hat Luffy" and commonly as "Straw Hat",[7] is the main protagonist of the manga and anime, One Piece. He is the founder and captain of the increasingly infamous and powerful Straw Hat Pirates, as well as one of its top fighters.[24] His lifelong dream is to become the Pirate King by finding the legendary treasure left behind by the late Gol D. Roger.[25] He believes that being the Pirate King means having the most freedom in the world.[26]

Born in Foosha Village, Luffy accidentally ate the Gomu Gomu no Mi at age 7, which turned his body into rubber.[27] He met "Red-Haired" Shanks, who gave Luffy the very Straw Hat that has become Luffy's signature accessory, having gifted it to the boy as part of a promise for them to meet again someday. Luffy is the son of the Revolutionary leader Monkey D. Dragon,[28] the grandson of the Marine hero Monkey D. Garp,[29] the sworn brother of the late "Fire Fist" Portgas D. Ace and Revolutionary Chief-of-Staff Sabo, and the foster son of Curly Dadan. He is one of the few people in the world who carries the Will of D.

Luffy has gone up against numerous global powers around him, starting with fighting the most powerful pirates in the East Blue and moving to clashes against the Marines, Seven Warlords of the Sea, Cipher Pol, World Nobles, and even the Four Emperors of the Grand Line, emerging victorious in a majority of these battles. He invaded and indirectly caused the annihilation of Enies Lobby, escaped the impregnable Impel Down, and was a focal figure in the Summit War of Marineford. He either defeated or befriended seven of the eleven known past or present Warlords prior to the organization's dissolution, and has invaded the territory of two Emperors. Luffy's accomplishments and heritage have caused him to be labeled as a "Dangerous Future Element" while in the process gaining a reputation for being "reckless" and, in some cases, "insane", earning the wrath of Fleet Admiral Sakazuki, the Marine Headquarters, and even the World Government.[30]

Luffy also has a penchant for attracting followers and has unwillingly been named the leader of the Straw Hat Grand Fleet, consisting of seven pirate crews who swore to come to his aid whenever he wishes. After learning of this and his exploits against the Big Mom Pirates, the press has labeled him the "Fifth Emperor of the Sea", though many prominent figures consider this to be exaggerated.[31]

Having had a bounty of Beli.png300,000,000 before he arrived at the Sabaody Archipelago, Luffy was one of eleven "Super Rookies", pirates who simultaneously reached the Red Line with bounties of over Beli.png100,000,000 shortly before the Summit War. [32] He, the other ten Super Rookies, and Marshall D. Teach would go on to be referred to as the "Worst Generation".[33] Eventually, his conquests and his reputation end up contributing to his current bounty of Beli.png1,500,000,000.


Further information: Monkey D. Luffy/Gallery

Luffy has black shaggy hair, round black eyes, and a slim muscular build. He is renowned for his trademark straw hat (from which he gets his nickname "Straw Hat Luffy"), which was lent to him when he was young by the legendary pirate captain, "Red-Haired" Shanks,[34] who in turn received it from Gol D. Roger.[35] He wears short, blue trousers with cuffs, sandals, and a sleeveless red vest. Luffy also has a scar with two stitches underneath his left eye, which he earned by stabbing a knife under his eye to show Shanks that he was tough and not afraid of pain.[36] He was severely wounded by Akainu in the Summit War of Marineford,[37] leaving a large X-shaped scar on his chest.[38]

Before the Timeskip

Similar to most of his male crewmates, Luffy has the same outfit throughout most of the series (with the exception of Nami and Nico Robin, who frequently change their outfits). Luffy will often wear a different outfit to suit the climate of an island (such as a hooded parka on Drum Island[39] or desert robes in Arabasta[40]) but will switch back to his trademark red vest and blue shorts after the adventures on that island are over. Despite this, he will wear his usual outfit in different colors and has been known to sport other miscellaneous items on his person from time to time like in Thriller Bark and Sabaody Archipelago. According to Eiichiro Oda in 37 Volume SBS, Luffy does not know how to dress stylishly so sometimes he is advised on how to dress by more fashionable team members, Nami, Usopp, Sanji, and Robin.[41]

  • During the Drum Island Arc, he wore two different parkas, the first being a dark red parka with fur on the cuffs, hood, and hem,[39] and then a checkered, hooded parka with the colors white, orange and bright yellow, which Nami wore in the beginning.[42]
  • During the Arabasta Arc, he wore desert robes consisting of a dark red robe with three white rings decorated along both sleeves and a light blue wrap over his head.[40]
  • During the Skypiea Arc, he wore a black wristband around his left wrist with a white bangle over it.[43] In 37 Volume SBS, Oda said that two members of his crew lent him accessories: a black wristband by Usopp and a white bracelet by Sanji.[41]
  • During the Long Ring Long Land Arc, Luffy wore an afro on his head, dark red shorts, and red bandages on his feet, getting an image of a blue flaming skull and crossbones painted on his chest as well, when he was fighting Foxy.[44]
  • During the Enies Lobby Arc, he wore black shorts with more pockets than his blue shorts, which he noted he could not fit his meat in.[45]
  • During the Post-Enies Lobby Arc, Luffy wore a white T-shirt with the Galley-La Company emblem on it in red; red liners around the top, shoulders, and collar; and navy blue shorts.[46]
  • During the Thriller Bark Arc, he wore an orange vest and red shorts.[47] After the battle against Moria in Thriller Bark, Luffy wore a dark decorated, jeweled armband around his left bicep, given to him by Nami.[48] This armband was later revealed to be a map that leads to Captain John's lost treasure, which Buggy sought for some time; Luffy handed the armband over to Buggy in exchange for his services in navigating through Impel Down.[49]
  • During the Sabaody Archipelago Arc, in the manga, he wore a blue vest and red shorts (which can also be seen on the cover of volume 52). In the anime, he wore the same blue vest, but dark blue shorts.[50]
  • During the Amazon Lily Arc, Luffy wore a light blue vest with red shorts.[51]
  • During the Impel Down Arc, Luffy wore his outfit from his stay on Amazon Lily until after his fight with Magellan, at which point he replaced his light blue vest with a bright yellow vest given to him by Inazuma.[52]

No matter where he is, Luffy wears his Straw Hat through absolutely everything, though at the start, the hat was prone to get knocked off his head easily, forcing Luffy to either put it aside or have someone hold onto it during fights. From the Arabasta Arc onward, he has gotten a string strap for it, which was sewn on by Nami, allowing the hat to hang from his neck during fights.

During his return to Marineford to give a silent prayer, Luffy was briefly shown with four characters written on his right arm spelling 3D2Y,[53] with the 3D crossed out to symbolize that the Straw Hat Pirates should meet up in 2 years (2Y) rather than the 3 days (3D) as planned after fleeing from Bartholomew Kuma.[54]

After the Timeskip

After those two years, a few things have changed. Luffy wears an open, long-sleeved red cardigan with four buttons (which shows the X-shaped scar covering most of his chest he received by then-Admiral Akainu), with a yellow sash tied around his waist, somewhat reminiscent of Gol D. Roger's outfit. He has grown slightly taller and is shown to be significantly more muscular due to his training. This can be seen in his slightly thicker neck, more pronounced deltoids, and better-defined chest.[55] During his fight with Sanji, Luffy loses one of his top teeth after being struck by a Diable Jambe Joue Shot directly into his face.[56] However, it grew back after he drank a bottle of milk.[57]

  • During the Punk Hazard Arc, Luffy wore a long winter coat with red and white horizontal stripes, along with yellow ear muffs, which he stole from one of Brownbeard's Centaur Patrol Unit.[58]
  • During the Dressrosa Arc, Luffy wore an open, short-sleeved shirt with a sunflower pattern, standard blue shorts, and a yellow sash. He also wore a fake beard.[59] Upon entering the tournament for the Mera Mera no Mi in the Corrida Colosseum, he wore Viking-style armor, complete with a sword and shield until it was stripped from him due to a violation of the weight restriction.[60] Upon revision to meet the weight restriction, he added a cape and wore the same Viking style helmet he wore previously, along with his registration number '0556' and the word "Lucy" written on the back of his shirt, obscured by his cape.[61] When he recovered after his battle against Doflamingo, Luffy wore a red tank top along with his standard shorts in brown (dark grey in the anime).[62]
  • During the Whole Cake Island Arc, Luffy wore an open, fancy white cardigan with puffy sleeves along with his standard shorts in red. He also had a decorative scarf wrapped around his straw hat after landing at the Seducing Woods, though he appears to have lost it during his battle with Charlotte Cracker. These clothes were eventually torn to shreds after several battles and he later dons a new outfit to meet with Capone Bege; a red suit jacket with a brown shirt and a pink ascot along with red formal shorts. He also fitted a black fedora to the top of his straw hat.[63]
  • During the Wano Country Arc, Luffy wore a red yukata with patchwork mon of a blue rounded sun on a cyan background and a yellow obi. He also had a topknot on top of his hair. He also had the Nidai Kitetsu he borrowed from Tenguyama Hitetsu.[64] Before beginning the assault on Onigashima, Luffy received a set of samurai armor from Hitetsu.[65] When helping Kin'emon and the others against Kaidou's fleet at sea, Luffy wore a long, dark-colored coat over his usual attire. He also swapped his regular sash and pants for a purple and orange-brown one respectively.[66] He also briefly wore a Beasts Pirates disguise (created by Kin'emon) when infiltrating Onigashima.[67]


In Movie 3, he wears a red shirt with the number "01" in black in the middle. A deer costume with a fur coat and two tree branches for antlers was also momentarily seen.

In the G-8 Arc, he infiltrates the kitchens as a Marine cook, wearing a white cook uniform, a blue scarf on his neck, and a white cook hat covering his straw hat.


  1. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 1 (p. 5) and Episode 4, Luffy is first introduced.
  2. 2.0 2.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 2 (p. 8) and Episode 1, Luffy debuts in the present.
  3. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 71 Chapter 703 (p. 16) and Episode 633, Luffy's alias in Dressrosa is revealed.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Vivre Card - One Piece Visual Dictionary (Card #0001), Luffy-tarou is romanized.
  5. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 91 Chapter 914 (p. 7) and Episode 900, Luffy's first alias in Wano is revealed.
  6. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 91 Chapter 916 (p. 8) and Episode 903, Luffy's second alias in Wano is revealed.
  7. 7.0 7.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 1 Chapter 2 (p. 3), Luffy's epithet is written in the title of the chapter.
  8. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 66 (p. 162), Oda explains the blood types of the world and reveals Luffy's blood types.
  9. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 4 (p. 28), Luffy's age is revealed.
  10. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 598 (p. 1) and Episode 517, Two years pass in the storyline.
  11. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 69 (p. 66), Luffy's post-timeskip profile is revealed.
  12. 12.0 12.1 SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 15 (p. 90), Luffy's birthday is revealed.
  13. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 10 (p. 46), Luffy's height is revealed.
  14. One Piece Yellow: Grand Elements (p. 19).
  15. One Piece Blue Deep: Characters World (p. 186), Luffy's post-timeskip height is revealed.
  16. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 90 Chapter 903 (p. 17-18) and Episode 879, Luffy's sixth bounty.
  17. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 800 (p. 8) and Episode 745, A Pirate Alliance Fleet attacks the Yonta Maria Grand Fleet, stating Luffy's bounty to have risen to Beli.png500,000,000.
  18. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 801 (p. 15-17) and Episode 746, The Straw Hat Pirates are given new bounties after Dressrosa.
  19. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 601 (p. 11) and Episode 521, Luffy's fourth bounty.
  20. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 435 (p. 16-17) and Episode 320, The crew members' bounties for attacking Enies Lobby are revealed.
  21. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 23 Chapter 213 (p. 22) and Episode 128, Luffy's and Zoro's bounties after Alabasta.
  22. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 11 Chapter 96 (p. 6) and Episode 45, Luffy's first bounty is put by Brannew in the wanted list.
  23. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 30 (p. 104), Gomu Gomu no Mi is confirmed to be a Paramecia.
  24. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 62 Chapter 606 (p. 5) and Episode 525, Caribou identifies Luffy, Zoro, and Sanji as the "Monster Trio".
  25. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 1 (p. 44-45) and Episode 4, Luffy first reveals his dream to Shanks as the latter leaves Foosha Village with his crew.
  26. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 52 Chapter 507 (p. 9) and Episode 400, Luffy states his belief that the Pirate King has the most freedom in the world.
  27. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 1 (p. 19) and Episode 4, Lucky Roux reveals that the Gomu Gomu no Mi is the fruit that the crew had found and taken from an unspecified enemy before a young Luffy unknowingly ate it.
  28. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 432 (p. 16-17) and Episode 314, Garp reveals Luffy's father to be the revolutionary Dragon.
  29. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 431 (p. 19) and Episode 313, Luffy reveals Garp to be his grandfather by just addressing him as "Grandpa".
  30. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 557 (p. 12) and Episode 466, Akainu is the first person to identify Luffy as Garp's grandson, as well as Dragon's son.
  31. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 90 Chapter 903 (p. 7-8) and Episode 878, Luffy is declared "the Fifth Emperor".
  32. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 51 Chapter 498 (p. 10-11) and Episode 392, Luffy along with Zoro are revealed by Shakuyaku to be two of 11 Super Rookies due to their bounties.
  33. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 67 Chapter 664 (p. 10) and Episode 589, Brownbeard explains the Worst Generation.
  34. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 1 (p. 46) and Episode 4, Shanks gives his straw hat to Luffy.
  35. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 603 (p. 6) and Episode 523, Roger is seen wearing the same straw hat Luffy currently wears.
  36. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 1 (p. 5) and Episode of Luffy, Luffy stabs himself underneath his eye to prove his toughness.
  37. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 578 (p. 10) and Episode 488, Akainu's attack goes through Jinbe and hits Luffy.
  38. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 598 (p. 1) and Episode 517, Luffy's large chest scar is revealed.
  39. 39.0 39.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 15 Chapter 133 (p. 5) and Episode 80, Luffy's first Drum Island outfit is seen clearly.
  40. 40.0 40.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 18 Chapter 161 (p. 5) and Episode 96, Luffy's Arabasta outfit is seen for the first time.
  41. 41.0 41.1 SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 37 (p. 26), Oda explains where Luffy has a black wristband and a white bracelet and how he dresses stylishly.
  42. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 17 Chapter 146 (p. 14-15) and Episode 87, Luffy puts on Nami's parka to keep himself warm.
  43. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 26 Chapter 244 (p. 4) and Episode 158, Luffy begins wearing a black wristband with a white bangle.
  44. One Piece Manga — Vol. 33, Luffy's outfit for the Davy Back Fight is seen in color.
  45. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 39 Chapter 368 (p. 5) and Episode 258, Luffy dons a pair of black shorts so he can carry meat in its pockets.
  46. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 432 (p. 3) and Episode 314, Luffy's post-Enies Lobby outfit is seen in full.
  47. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 46 Chapter 442 (p. 2) and Episode 326, Luffy's Thriller Bark outfit is seen in full.
  48. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 50 Chapter 486 (p. 5) and Episode 378, Luffy takes an armband from the treasure trove on Thriller Bark, and Nami lets him have it because it does not have any gems on it.
  49. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 54 Chapter 527 (p. 8-11) and Episode 424, Luffy hands his armband over to Buggy in exchange for being led to Ace.
  50. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 50 Chapter 490 (p. 15) and Episode 385, Luffy's Sabaody Archipelago outfit is seen in full.
  51. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 53 Chapter 516 (p. 3) and Episode 410, Luffy has Marguerite remove the frills from the clothes that she prepared for him.
  52. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 55 Chapter 539 (p. 8) and Episode 441, Inazuma provides Luffy with a new vest alongside his shorts and straw hat.
  53. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 60 Chapter 594 (p. 10) and Episode 511, Luffy's picture in the newspaper shows him with 3D2Y written on his right arm.
  54. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 52 Chapter 511 (p. 10) and Episode 403, Luffy tells his crew to meet up at the Thousand Sunny in 3 days.
  55. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 601 (p. 12) and Episode 521, Luffy's post-timeskip outfit is displayed in full.
  56. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 84 Chapter 844 (p. 5-6) and Episode 808, Luffy loses a tooth after being struck by Sanji.
  57. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 85 Chapter 858 (p. 12) and Episode 827, Luffy and Brook drank milk, his missing tooth grew back.
  58. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 67 Chapter 662 (p. 10) and Episode 587, Luffy is seen in his new, stolen outfit on Punk Hazard.
  59. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 71 Chapter 701 (p. 13) and Episode 630, Luffy's outfit in Dressrosa before entering the tournament is seen.
  60. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 71 Chapter 704 (p. 9) and Episode 633, Luffy dons a Viking-style set of armor for the upcoming tournament.
  61. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 71 Chapter 704 (p. 12-14) and Episode 634, Luffy wears a cape over his registration number after removing his armor.
  62. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 796 (p. 11) and Episode 740, Luffy's outfit prior to leaving Dressrosa is seen.
  63. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 85 Chapter 858 (p. 14-15) and Episode 828, The Sanji retrieval team sit down with the Fire Tank Pirates.
  64. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 91 Chapter 912 (p. 8) and Episode 897, Hitetsu gives Luffy clothes to move around in Wano.
  65. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 95 Chapter 959 (p. 4-5) and Episode 959, Hitetsu gives the Straw Hats Japanese armor.
  66. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 97 Chapter 975 (p. 3) and Episode 978, The alliance gathers before the attack.
  67. One Piece Manga — Vol. 97 Chapter 978 (p. 10).

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