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As captain of the Straw Hat Pirates, Luffy has the greatest authority over a powerful and diverse crew consisting of several infamous members, many of whom are extremely powerful in their own right. Luffy has a great amount of influence over his crew, so much so that the members of his crew all trust him with their lives, both in spite of his reckless behavior and in some cases even because of it.

He is also one of twelve pirates who have been dubbed as the "Worst Generation", a group of individuals who have become famous for the bold actions and major conflicts they committed against the World Government and all have bounties of over Beli100,000,000. Indirectly, he also has claim over the Straw Hat Grand Fleet, a massive fleet consisting of seven powerful New World crews numbering 5600 people in total, who all swore to serve under him of their own will and come to assist him whenever he may need them.[24] The scope of Luffy's authority is considered by the World Government to be close to on par with the Four Emperors, the four most powerful and influential pirates in the world and Luffy has officially been considered by the press to be the "Fifth Emperor" as a result.[25]

This is one of the reasons Luffy is considered by the World Government to be extremely dangerous, and currently has a bounty of Beli1,500,000,000 which is surpassed by only a known few.[25] Luffy has exhibited his threat most notably by invading all three of the World Government's main strongholds in Paradise: he single-handedly beat at least a thousand Marines on Enies Lobby[26] and took out two CP9 agents,[27] with the invasion ultimately resulting in the destruction of Enies Lobby via Buster Call;[28] he infiltrated the great prison Impel Down and orchestrated the only mass breakout in its history;[29] he invaded Marineford during the Battle of Marineford and greatly aided the Whitebeard Pirates in their ultimately unsuccessful effort to rescue Portgas D. Ace from execution.[30] Luffy has also significantly threatened the balance of the Three Great Powers by defeating three members of the Seven Warlords of the Sea[31][32][33], and allying with two others, causing Jinbe to defect from his position[34] and Law to lose it.[35] The World Government also views Luffy to be a grave threat simply because he is the son of Monkey D. Dragon, the leader of the Revolutionary Army.[36]

Despite his ever-growing list of accomplishments in battle, Luffy continues to be frequently underestimated by opponents due to his appearance and disposition. This oftentimes has ultimately proved to be an advantage for him, as it gives him leeway toward options opponents would not expect. Crocodile left Luffy for dead twice, only for Luffy to recover from his defeats and ultimately claim victory. Donquixote Doflamingo attempted to trap Luffy in the Corrida Colosseum, expecting that he would fall victim in it, only for Luffy to escape and win over the gladiators there to his side. With constantly improving skill in battle combined with his almost unbreakable willpower, Luffy has found ways to defeat increasingly powerful opponents that have come in his path, all while having been out at sea for less than a year, not including his two-year training on Rusukaina. Currently, in the New World, he has contended with the Four Emperors' top commanders, having defeated Big Mom Pirates Sweet Commanders Charlotte Cracker and Charlotte Katakuri, and he seeks to aim further by taking down the Four Emperors themselves as well as the Marine Admirals.

Physical AbilitiesEdit


Despite his relatively small physical stature compared to most of the world's powerful fighters, Luffy has developed significant physical strength to match them. His grandfather Garp used harsh and unorthodox training methods such as leaving him alone in the wilderness as a young child to grow stronger,[37] as well as several years of further rigorous training in the extremely harsh environment in Mt. Colubo and Rusukaina.[38] A notable example of this strength was on Dressrosa when he used his foot to block a stomp by Donquixote Doflamingo, a man nearly twice his height with immense physical power of his own, without any leverage.[39] Earlier that day, he had effortlessly flipped over the massive gladiator Spartan, defeating him. In Skypiea, he was capable of moving around during his fight against Enel despite having a massive golden ball molded around his hand, and even climbed up a massive beanstalk with it.[40] When caught between two large brick buildings in Water 7, he was eventually able to push them apart to free himself.[41]

Luffy's Reduced Strength

Luffy carrying a massive block of stone despite being weakened by Seastone.

Luffy has utilized his Devil Fruit Gears to tremendously increase his physical strength and subdue powerful opponents like Blueno, Rob Lucci, and Donquixote Doflamingo. He took out a member of the Marines' Giant Squad with a single Gear Third punch,[42] and two years later, he defeated the powerful giant Hajrudin with a single Gear Second punch to the face.[43] On Fish-Man Island, the Sea Kings believed he would have completely destroyed the gigantic ship Noah before it would have landed had they not stopped him.[44]

When he was imprisoned in Wano Country, he wore Seastone handcuffs that significantly weakened him and prevented him from using his Devil Fruit, and he exploited his prison labor as a new training method to get stronger in his weakened state, being able to lift and carry hundreds of blocks several times his size, and a few days later was able to break through the helmet of the vice warden Daifugo and injure him with a simple kick.[45]

Luffy is also capable of becoming physically stronger through psychology. When Jango accidentally hypnotized him to become stronger, Luffy went on a tear through the Black Cat Pirates and ripped the stem and figurehead off their ship.[46] During the Davy Back Fight battle against Foxy, Luffy attempted to increase his fighting prowess by donning an afro.[47]

Speed and AgilityEdit

Luffy possesses tremendous speed, agility, and reflexes. When battling Dracule Mihawk in the Battle of Marineford, he was able to dodge the strikes of the world's greatest swordsman, including ducking under one that completely cleaved through a faraway glacier.[48]

After his two-year training, he has been able to dodge attacks even while using Gear Third.[49] He was able to avoid being attacked by Cavendish in the Corrida Colosseum by dodging the pirate's sword strikes and clasping the sword with his hands.[50] Against Charlotte Katakuri, he showed the ability to dodge a considerable amount of the Sweet Commander's strikes, as well as all of Katakuri's attacks with his trident Mogura (barring one in which Luffy was impaired by Flampe's dart),[51] despite Katakuri being able to foresee his movements.[52] After his harsh training in Udon, Luffy has shown being able to move at even greater imperceptible speed, outpace the perception of both Ulti and Page One.


Luffy has shown the ability to take massive amounts of physical punishment but still remains conscious and able to fight. As a child, Luffy was brutally beaten by Porchemy's spiked gloves to get information out of him, but Luffy took the beating without revealing anything.[53] He was poisoned on Alabasta by Crocodile's poison hook, but remained conscious long enough to defeat the Warlord.[54] He took multiple blows from Foxy's spiked gloves, but did not fall.[55] Most notably, during his fight with Charlotte Katakuri in the Mirro-World, Luffy fought for over 9 hours and received significantly more blows than he gave, including being gruesomely pierced in the side by Katakuri's trident Mogura,[51] but he was able to keep standing up until Katakuri went down.[56] However, Luffy's durability is not infinite, as notably seen in his fight against Kaido, when he was knocked out with one hit from Kaido's mace.[57]

After surviving being poisoned by Magellan, Luffy developed an immunity to most poisons, causing him to be unaffected when Caesar Clown attacked him with poisonous gases.[58] However, he did later fall victim to poison after consuming the skin of the Armored Stonefish; though the skin normally causes instant death, Luffy's poison resistance merely put him in a coma.[59] Despite that incident, he seems to be quite proud of his immunity. When he witnessed Queen's Excite Bullets, he claimed they would not work on him.[60] However, Chopper needed to treat him later on.


Luffy possesses immense endurance stemming from his great durability and willpower. As a child, he developed endurance when his grandfather put him through various training methods. When following Ace on a long and dangerous trek from Mt. Colubo to Gray Terminal, as he accompanied Ace and Sabo on their adventures through the wilderness.[61][62]. By far his most noteworthy feat was surviving exposure to an incurable amount of poison after fighting Magellan in Impel Down. When brought before Emporio Ivankov, Luffy was given hormones to give him the chance to fight for his life for two and a half days at the cost of his lifespan. He not only successfully fought to stay alive but returned to consciousness in just 20 hours. By doing this, he proved his connection to his father who has a similar will.[63] With the help of Ivankov's Tension Hormones and his willpower, Luffy was able to keep fighting through Impel Down immediately after his near-death experience, and continued fighting at Marineford with little rest in between until his body eventually gave out after he failed to save Ace from death.[64]

In Enies Lobby, Luffy pulled off another feat of endurance, as although he quickly pushed his limits by repeatedly using Gear Second and Gear Third, and was heavily injured by Lucci's Rokuogan attacks, he was able to keep fighting until he had defeated Lucci.[65][66] Luffy also demonstrated his endurance at Whole Cake Island, as he battled Charlotte Cracker for 11 hours without resting, using Gear Fourth at least twice.[67] He then proceeded to get heavily beaten by his crewmate Sanji,[68] but when a Big Mom Pirates army arrived soon after to take him down, Luffy fought hard for a considerable period of time, before ultimately being knocked out.[69] After being temporarily frozen in time in a book prison, Luffy singlehandedly made his way out of the Whole Cake Chateau and beat up every enemy he encountered, despite still being extremely weak from fatigue and hunger, the latter of which he refused to address until Sanji returned to him.[70] Another testament to his endurance was that he was stabbed by Charlotte Katakuri's trident in their fight but still got back on his feet to continue the battle.

Luffy's immense willpower was also seen in Thriller Bark when his body was able to take in 100 shadows without issue, while a normal person could only take in two or three.[71]


Normally, Luffy can be prone to making bad decisions. However, while fighting, he possesses an uncanny instinct that has often resulted in him performing atypical actions that end up helping him. When confronted by multiple duplicates of Mr. 3 on Little Garden, Luffy was instantly able to find and attack the real one thanks entirely to instinct.[72] When his arm got bitten while fighting Arlong, Luffy slammed the fish-man's head into the ground to dislodge his jaw instead of trying to pull his arm out, which allowed his arm to remain intact.[73] To overcome Enel foreseeing his attacks with Mantra, Luffy used moves such as shutting down his mind and throwing his punches off walls to ricochet them randomly, which ended up being successful.[74] Against Cracker, Luffy taxed the Sweet Commander's power by eating his never-ending biscuit creations.[67]

Luffy has excellent situational awareness during battle. While fighting Mihawk on Marineford, he noticed Buggy nearby and used him as a human shield, allowing him to run away from Mihawk.[48] When he fought Katakuri on the Thousand Sunny in Totto Land, he noticed Charlotte Brûlée watching from the Mirro-World and managed to grab onto her by surprise, allowing him to pull himself and Katakuri into the Mirro-World and prevent Katakuri from threatening his crew.[75]

Luffy also possesses tremendous creativity, and frequently comes up with unusual methods to get ahead in a fight. In his first fight with Crocodile, Luffy noticed that he could make his opponent's body tangible with liquid,[76] and before their second fight he consumed large quantities of water to use against the Warlord.[77] He took it a step further in their third and final fight by using his blood as the liquid.[78] When possible, Luffy likes to power himself up with outside objects and often uses things from the enemy against them. He knocked out sets of Arlong's teeth and tried to use them, although was not particularly successful.[73] When Mr. 3 bound his arms and legs with candle-shaped wax bindings, Luffy immediately began using these bindings as powerful blunt weapons to demolish Mr. 3's other wax creations.[79] When he became allies with Mr. 3 in Impel Down, Luffy requested that he be powered up with the wax once again to fight Magellan, and he was successfully able to hit the warden without being poisoned.[80]


According to Dracule Mihawk, Luffy possesses the most dangerous ability in the world: the ability to recruit allies to his side everywhere he goes.[48] Luffy is capable of making friends rather quickly, and people typically have to do little for Luffy to consider them as a friend, such as Rebecca, who earned Luffy's friendship by buying him food.[81] Although Luffy does not fancy himself a hero, he will do anything to help his friends, which can earn him the respect of people around him, as seen with the Whitebeard Pirates being impressed with his desire to save Ace on Marineford.[82] Luffy is not afraid to take audacious actions to help himself and his friends, and this fearlessness is another key to gaining allies.

Before he met Luffy, Jinbe initially had no intention of building a relationship with him, only wanting to accompany him through Impel Down and Marineford to appease Ace's wishes. However, after getting to know Luffy, Jinbe quickly developed a deep respect for him, and risked his life to get Luffy out of Marineford safely.[83] Two years later, he would join Luffy's crew.[84] Boa Hancock, who hates all men, took a liking to and soon after fell in love with Luffy after finding out that he had attacked a World Noble.[85] On Dressrosa, once the Corrida Colosseum gladiators were liberated from Doflamingo and Sugar's enslavement, they rallied behind Luffy's crusade against Doflamingo,[86] and Luffy's determination to bring down the Warlord eventually earned him the support of everyone on Dressrosa as they wished to be freed from Doflamingo's tyranny.[87] Luffy curried enough favor in this effort that the allies he made went far beyond Dressrosa; seven of the groups who fought with him pledged to serve him whenever he needs them, forming the massive Straw Hat Grand Fleet; even people like Cavendish and Chinjao who once wished to kill him declared their servitude.[24] When the prisoners inside the Udon Prisoner Mines had doubts about defeating Kaido even after Raizo and Kikunojo revealed themselves, Luffy managed to win them over.[88]

After his exploits at Marineford, Luffy became incredibly popular to the pirates of both halves of the Grand Line. The trickster, Demaro Black, was able to take advantage of this popularity to gather many powerful pirates under his supposed leadership by posing as Luffy.

Devil FruitEdit

Further information: Gomu Gomu no Mi
Gomu Gomu no Pistol

Luffy stretching his arm forward to punch an enemy from afar.

Luffy unwittingly ate the Gomu Gomu no Mi, a Paramecia-type Devil Fruit, when he was 7 years old after finding it in a chest owned by the Red Hair Pirates. The fruit gives his body the properties of rubber, allowing him to stretch any part of his body in any direction before snapping back to his center of gravity like a rubber band.[89]

Initially, Luffy was unable to control his stretching,[90] but was able to master it after ten years of training on Dawn Island. The fruit is useful for allowing him to reach faraway places, as he can stretch and grab onto them, causing him to be pulled there.[91] Offensively, he is capable of throwing punches, kicks, and headbutts at great distances and speeds, as well as twisting body parts around each other and spinning them to improve attack power.[92] Defensively, Luffy cannot be harmed by blunt attacks, including punches not imbued with Busoshoku Haki as well as most bullets, and he can land from great heights and crash into structures without being harmed. If he is struck by a blunt projectile, it will bounce back toward the place it came from, potentially threatening the one who launched it.[93] He can also balloon himself to repel larger projectiles such as cannonballs.[94]

During his pirating adventure, Luffy has found new ways to utilize his Devil Fruit in combat, creating Gears.

Gear SecondEdit

Further information: Gomu Gomu no Mi/Gear Second Techniques
Gear Second Techniques Infobox

Luffy activating Gear Second.

Gear Second was first seen on Enies Lobby. Luffy increases the size of his blood vessels, pumping more oxygen and nutrients to his body. This increases his speed and power, as in this form, he is capable of keeping up with users of the Soru technique and overwhelming the Tekkai technique.[95] Initially, Luffy activated this by pumping blood through his legs, but after the timeskip, he has shown more control over it and can activate it anywhere in his body.[96] Before his two year training, the usage of Gear Second depleted his energy quickly and even threatened his lifespan, but in the present day, its effects appear to have been reduced.[97]

Gear ThirdEdit

Further information: Gomu Gomu no Mi/Gear Third Techniques
Gear Third

Luffy using Gear Third to inflate his arm.

Gear Third was first seen on Enies Lobby. By blowing into his thumb, Luffy can inflate the bones of a particular part of his body, making it massive. These inflated body parts are capable of inflicting damage on a massive scale, being able to break through walls and large structures with ease,[98] and Gear Third's power became magnified when Luffy learned to use Busoshoku Haki during the timeskip. Initially, Gear Third would cause Luffy to shrink to the size of a child after use, limiting his fighting capabilities.[99] However, this no longer happens after Luffy's two-year training.[100]

Gear FourthEdit

Further information: Gomu Gomu no Mi/Gear Fourth Techniques
Gear Fourth Infobox

Luffy using Gear Fourth to inflate his muscular structure.

Gear Fourth was created during Luffy's two-year training on Rusukaina and was first seen on Dressrosa. By blowing into his arm, Luffy inflates his entire body and covers it with Busoshoku Haki, taking one of three forms. The first form, Boundman, makes his composition akin to a rubber ball, causing him to bounce all the time. Luffy is capable of retracting his arms and legs inside of his body, unleashing blows of devastating power, as well as being able to change the direction of his attacks. His defense also increases, with most attacks bouncing off his body.[101]

The second form, Tankman, makes Luffy much bigger and increases his defensive abilities, allowing him to use them as a weapon via the recoil blasting opponents away.[102] The third form, Snakeman, is slimmer and focuses on offense, lacking the defensive capabilities of the other two forms. Luffy is granted a tremendous increase in attack speed, and frequently changes the direction of his attacks to assault his opponents from every direction.[56]

However, Luffy will be forced out of this form after around 20 minutes. In addition to being weakened, he will be unable to use Haki for ten minutes until it recharges.[103] Using Gear Fourth multiple times in a short amount of time will take a toll on his body.[104]

After training at the Udon Prisoner Mine under Hyogoro, in order to advance his Busoshoku Haki in preparation for the Raid on Onigashima, Luffy refined his usage of Gear Fourth; seemingly being able to both activate it without Muscle Balloon and remain standing afterward, both of which he couldn't do beforehand.[105][106]


Luffy is among the very small number of people in the world who can use all three types of Haki. Notably he was instructed in the use of Haki by Silvers Rayleigh, the former First Mate of the Roger Pirates during the two-year time-skip. Luffy has shown to have a very noticeable talent for Haki, having mastered the basics of all three types in a year and a half under Rayleigh. Since he started fighting against the strongest members of the Four Emperors pirate crews, he's learned how to uses more advanced levels of Haki and has since mastered them as well.

Haoshoku HakiEdit

Haoshoku Haki Infobox

Luffy activates his Haoshoku Haki to knock out a large group of enemies.

Luffy possesses Haoshoku Haki, a very rare type of Haki whose users are said to have the qualities of a king. This power was latent within him, and was first seen used at the Flying Fish Riders' base to stop the bison Motobaro.[107] Luffy then unintentionally used it in the arena at Amazon Lily to stop Marguerite's group from being killed,[108] in Level 5 of Impel Down to knock out attacking wolves,[109] and at Marineford to knock out the executioners who were about to kill Ace.[110]

Silvers Rayleigh then taught him about this power on Rusukaina, and Luffy trained to use it at will.[111] After the timeskip, Luffy used it to knock out the members of the Fake Straw Hat Crew,[112] and at Fish-Man Island he was able to knock out 50,000 members of the New Fish-Man Pirates in an instant.[113] When he fought against fellow Haoshoku Haki users ChinjaoDonquixote Doflamingo, and Charlotte Katakuri, their clashes created a notable effect similar to lightning.[114][115] Even when unconscious, Luffy could still use Haoshoku Haki. After Kaido knocked him out, Luffy used Haoshoku Haki on some of the Beasts Pirates before they took him into custody.[116]

Luffy has also used this Haki to subdue and tame dangerous and powerful animals and make them into his allies. Examples are Surume, Ucy, and a baboon from the Wano Country.

Kenbunshoku HakiEdit

Luffy awakens Future Vision

Luffy looks into the future to defend against Katakuri's strikes.

Luffy learned to use Kenbunshoku Haki during the two-year timeskip. With it, he is capable of sensing the presence, emotion, and intent of others and greatly aiding his reflexes to dodge attacks such as bullets.[112] He is highly proficient at using this Haki that he can even predict attacks from beings with little to no emotion like a Pacifista. He also casually dodged Hody's Yabusame as well as volleys of thrown weapons by Jean Ango, a powerful master marksman.

While in Totto Land, he significantly strengthened this Haki by battling Charlotte Katakuri, who had mastered this Haki enough to enable him to see a little bit into the future. After many hours of applying his Kenbunshoku Haki, Luffy was able to visualize Katakuri's next moves extremely well, and develop his Haki enough to dodge many of Katakuri's attacks and prevent Katakuri from dodging his.[117] After leaving Totto Land, Luffy has been able to dodge attacks with even greater ease, as shown when he instantly took out a Beasts Pirates scout in Wano Country as soon as they came to him[118] and afterward dodged multiple strikes from the sumo master Urashima without displaying any effort.[119] He can now see the future as fluidly as Katakuri, as shown when he helped Hyogoro dodge multiple attacks from Alpacaman and Madilloman before they happened.[120]

Busoshoku HakiEdit

Luffy Grabbing Hold of a Logia User

Luffy using Busoshoku Haki on a Logia's intangible body.

Luffy learned to use Busoshoku Haki during the two-year timeskip. He regularly uses it in combat in the New World to increase his defenses and attack power and is now able to strike Logia users such as Caesar Clown[121] and those with powers similar to that of a Logia, like Katakuri.[122] His Gear Fourth form heavily uses Busoshoku Haki to the point of depleting it in a relatively short amount of time, and while in Gear Fourth, his compressed Haki takes the shape of flames.[101]

In the New World, Busoshoku Haki has been a great boon to Luffy's power, as he is quite noticeably weakened whenever he is unable to use it. He had no hope of injuring Doflamingo while his Haki was recharging,[103] and while his Haki was recharging on Nuts Island, he was unable to punch through Charlotte Perospero's Candy Wall, even with Gear Third.[123] Luffy's Busoshoku Haki has the potential to be strengthened, as he has faced opponents with a stronger caliber of Haki than him such as Charlotte Cracker and Katakuri.[124][125] Luffy's Busoshoku Haki further condensed while in Gear Fourth allowing Luffy to counter and break past both Cracker and Katakuri's extremely powerful Busoshoku Haki.

Luffy's Advanced Busoshoku Haki

Luffy projecting his Haki.

While in Udon, Luffy had started to advance his Busoshoku Haki to bypass Kaido's tough scales after recalling how Silvers Rayleigh was able to deflect and damage an enormous elephant on Rusukaina without touching it. Amidst his instruction to project his Haki a short distance from him, he inadvertently advanced to a higher-grade Busoshoku Haki where he channels Haki into the body of his targets, thus letting him destroy them from the inside out. This happened during a desperate attempt to tear off the death collars off of himself and Hyogoro.[126][127].

After training relentlessly non-stop for a week under Hyogoro's supervision by striking a thick steel block with Haki enhanced punches, Luffy now appears to be able to emit his Busoshoku Haki at will, as seen when he was able to blast a hole through the opposite side of a tree by emitting Haki from his hardened fist.[128] He was later seen to be able to remove the explosive handcuffs off of Yamato by destroying them from the inside out, showing conscious control over this higher-grade Busoshoku Haki.[129]


Busoshoku Koka

Luffy using Busoshoku: Koka on his arm.

  • Busoshoku: Koka (武装色 硬化 Busō-shoku: Kōka?, literally meaning: "Color of Armaments: Hardening"): Luffy uses Busoshoku Haki to harden his body (or parts of it). It was used for the first time against the Kraken in conjunction with Gear Third to harden his enlarged arm to the point of it attaining a completely dark and shiny appearance, in order to use his "Gomu Gomu no Elephant Gun". In the FUNimation subs and dub, it is called Armament; Hardening.[100]
  • Atama Buso (頭武装 Atama Busō?, literally meaning "Head Armament"): Luffy imbues his forehead with Busoshoku Haki to harden it. This is first used in preparation for a "Gomu Gomu no Kane" against the Iron Shell Squadron. In the FUNimation subs and dub, it is called Head; Hardening.[130]
  • Gear Second Buso (ギア2セカンド武装 Gia Sekando Busō?, literally meaning "Gear Second Armament"): Luffy imbues his fist with Busoshoku Haki while under the effect of Gear Second to harden it, which also seems to have the added effect of igniting it. It was first used in preparation for "Gomu Gomu no Red Hawk" against Hody Jones. In the FUNimation dub, it is called "Second Gear Armament".[131]

Miscellaneous AbilitiesEdit


Notably, Luffy possesses massive jaw strength and a large appetite. Before being freed from the Buggy Pirates' cage, he made considerable progress in biting through the iron bars,[132] and he also caught and destroyed one of Buggy's daggers with only his mouth.[133] He was also able to cause Jinbe, a strong fish-man with high pain tolerance, great pain by biting him.[134] His extreme gluttony also proved useful in battle during Totto Land, as with the help of Nami's rain, he was able to eat Cracker's Biscuit Soldiers to render them unusable, and his stomach was able to handle ingesting these biscuits for 11 hours.[67] He also escaped from being suffocated in a massive pile of Katakuri's mochi by eating through the mochi.[135] Luffy can also rapidly heal from his wounds and exhaustion by eating massive amounts of food,[136][137] and he was able to regrow a missing tooth simply by drinking milk.[138] He can also quickly heal himself by sleeping, and at Water 7, he became able to eat and sleep at the same time.[139]

Random Curry

Luffy's attempt at luxury cooking cost the crew an entire week's ration.

Despite his gluttony, however, Luffy cannot cook. While on the way to Whole Cake Island, he squandered the ship's entire week's worth of rations due to repeated mistakes, and the end result was a huge pot of inedible substance that tasted so horrible that he himself called it disgusting and also led the people on board to badly starve as a result.[140] Nonetheless, due to the intense survival training of his youth, Luffy is capable of roasting meat, and has limited knowledge on edible flora as seen when left alone on Amazon Lily[141] and Rusukaina.[142]

Voice of All ThingsEdit

It has been implied that Luffy has the ability to hear the Voice of All Things, as the Sea Kings on Fish-Man Island sensed that he had picked up their voices, much like Gol D. Roger once did.[143] Luffy was also one of only two people, along with Kozuki Momonosuke, to be able to hear the voice of the giant elephant Zunesha, although he was overwhelmed by Zunesha's voice and unable to communicate with him, unlike Momonosuke.[144]


Luffy possesses a significant amount of luck. When offered an apple by Doc Q, he managed to pick the lone one that was a dud.[145] During his second fight against Crocodile, he misfired a shot of water into the air, which ended up coming back down on him after he had been dehydrated and saved his life.[146] During Big Mom's Tea Party, Luffy and his comrades were narrowly saved from execution when the Tamatebako, which Fish-Man Island had sent to Big Mom after being unable to provide her with candy as a result of the fight against the New Fish-Man Pirates, exploded and tipped over the entire Whole Cake Chateau.[147] Most notably, he survived being executed by Buggy thanks to the execution platform being struck by a lightning bolt, which did not harm Luffy due to his Devil Fruit ability.[148]

Artistic SkillEdit

A running gag is Luffy's utter lack of artistic ability. Before reaching Arlong Park, imagining how a fish-man would look, Luffy drew a fish with tentacle-like paws and an anthropomorphic fish with arms, legs and hair.[149] Before the Straw Hats arrived at Water 7, Luffy drew a childish picture of what he wanted the future shipwright to look like (coincidentally, it resembled Franky)[150]. This lack of skill also extends to Jolly Rogers; the first Jolly Roger of the Straw Hat Pirates was a bad drawing designed by Luffy himself[151] (he later used a similarly bad drawn version of his Jolly Roger as a promise marker on the face of Laboon)[152] while also drawing a bad version of Foxy's flag after taking it from him after winning the Davy Back Fight.[153]

Luffy Draws Straw Hat Jolly Roger
The Straw Hat Jolly Roger drawn by Luffy.
First Fish-Man Drawing
Luffy's first sketch of how a fish-man looked like.
Second Fish-Man Drawing
Luffy's second sketch of how a Fishman looked like.
Luffy's Concept of a Mermaid
How Luffy imagined Nami would look like as a mermaid.
Laboon Anime Infobox
Laboon's Straw Hat Jolly Roger.
Foxy Pirates' Current Jolly Roger
The Foxy Pirates' current Jolly Roger drawn by Luffy.
Luffy's Shipwright Drawing
An example of Luffy's poor drawing skills.
Luffy's Snowman
Luffy builds a snowman.


Luffy has rarely used standard weapons, due to his inexperience and inability to use them. During his childhood, he wielded a metal pipe.[154] At Arlong Park, Luffy briefly tried to fight Arlong with swords.[155] At Wano Country, he borrowed the cursed sword and Meito, Nidai Kitetsu, though it was mainly used as a prop for his disguise.[156]

Luffy has made use of some nonstandard weapons, though it was mainly due to the situation. On a few occasions, he made use of the hard-as-steel wax created by Galdino's ability as a type of armor.[157][158][159] Enel also once shackled him with a giant golden ball which he effectively used as a weapon.[160][161] Furthermore, in his second battle against Crocodile, Luffy briefly used a barrel of water with a pump to help counter the Warlord's Suna Suna no Mi ability.[162]


  1. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 1 (p. 5) and Episode 4, Luffy is first introduced.
  2. 2.0 2.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 2 (p. 8) and Episode 1, Luffy debuts in the present.
  3. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 71 Chapter 703 (p. 16) and Episode 633, Luffy's alias in Dressrosa is revealed.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Vivre Card - One Piece Visual Dictionary (Card #0001), Luffy-tarou is romanized.
  5. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 91 Chapter 914 (p. 7) and Episode 900, Luffy's first alias in Wano is revealed.
  6. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 91 Chapter 916 (p. 8) and Episode 903, Luffy's second alias in Wano is revealed.
  7. One Piece Manga — Vol. 1 Chapter 2 (p. 3), Luffy's epithet is written in the title of the chapter.
  8. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 66 (p. 162), Oda explains the blood types of the world and reveals Luffy's blood types.
  9. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 4 (p. 28), Luffy's age is revealed.
  10. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 598 (p. 1) and Episode 517, Two years pass in the storyline.
  11. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 69 (p. 66), Luffy's post-timeskip profile is revealed.
  12. 12.0 12.1 SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 15 (p. 90), Luffy's birthday is revealed.
  13. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 10 (p. 46), Luffy's height is revealed.
  14. One Piece Yellow: Grand Elements (p. 19) .
  15. One Piece Blue Deep: Characters World (p. 186) , Luffy's post-timeskip height is revealed.
  16. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 90 Chapter 903 (p. 17-18) and Episode 879, Luffy's sixth bounty.
  17. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 800 (p. 8) and Episode 745, A Pirate Alliance Fleet attacks the Yonta Maria Grand Fleet, stating Luffy's bounty to have risen to Beli500,000,000.
  18. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 801 (p. 15-17) and Episode 746, The Straw Hat Pirates are given new bounties after Dressrosa.
  19. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 601 (p. 11) and Episode 521, Luffy's fourth bounty.
  20. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 435 (p. 16-17) and Episode 320, The crew members' bounties for attacking Enies Lobby are revealed.
  21. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 23 Chapter 213 (p. 22) and Episode 128, Luffy's and Zoro's bounties after Alabasta.
  22. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 11 Chapter 96 (p. 6) and Episode 45, Luffy's first bounty is put by Brannew in the wanted list.
  23. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 30 (p. 104), Gomu Gomu no Mi is confirmed to be a Paramecia.
  24. 24.0 24.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 800 and Episode 745, The Straw Hat Grand Fleet is formed.
  25. 25.0 25.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 90 Chapter 903, Luffy gains recognition as the "Fifth Emperor".
  26. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 40 Chapter 378 (p. 15-18) and Episode 266.
  27. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 40 Chapter 388 (p. 12) and Episode 273.
  28. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 44 Chapter 429 and Episode 311.
  29. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 548 and Episode 451.
  30. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 561 (p. 10-11) and Episode 470.
  31. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 23 Chapter 209 and Episode 126, Luffy defeats Crocodile.
  32. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 50 Chapter 482 (p. 4-19) and Episode 374, Luffy defeats Gecko Moria
  33. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 79 Chapter 790 and Episode 733, Luffy defeats Doflamingo
  34. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 557 (p. 12) and Episode 466.
  35. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 72 Chapter 713 and Episode 643.
  36. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 558 (p. 14-15) and Episode 467.
  37. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 432 (p. 3) and Episode 314.
  38. One Piece Manga — Vol. 61 Chapter 598 (p. 1-3).
  39. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 78 Chapter 781 (p. 18-19) and Episode 723.
  40. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 31 Chapter 294 and Episode 190.
  41. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 38 Chapter 363 (p. 14-15) and Episode 254.
  42. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 558 and Episode 467.
  43. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 72 Chapter 714 and Episode 644.
  44. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 66 Chapter 647 (p. 8-16) and Episode 567.
  45. One Piece Manga — Vol. 93 Chapter 935 (p. 4-5).
  46. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 4 Chapter 30 (p. 10-15) and Episode 13.
  47. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 33 Chapter 314 (p. 3-4) and Episode 217.
  48. 48.0 48.1 48.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 561 and Episode 470.
  49. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 65 Chapter 645 (p. 9) and Episode 566.
  50. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 72 Chapter 720 and Episode 650.
  51. 51.0 51.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 89 Chapter 892 (p. 17) and Episode 867.
  52. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 88 Chapter 882 (p. 5-6) and Episode 854.
  53. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 584 (p. 7) and Episode 494.
  54. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 23 Chapter 209 (p. 8-10) and Episode 126.
  55. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 34 Chapter 317 (p. 2-3) and Episode 219.
  56. 56.0 56.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 89 Chapter 895 and Episode 870.
  57. One Piece Manga — Vol. 92 Chapter 923 (p. 16-17).
  58. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 68 Chapter 671 (p. 8-9) and Episode 597.
  59. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 825 (p. 11) and Episode 784.
  60. One Piece Manga — Vol. 94 Chapter 948 (p. 7).
  61. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 583 and Episode 493.
  62. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 60 Chapter 585 (p. 15-16) and Episode 497.
  63. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 55 Chapter 538 and Episode 439.
  64. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 574 (p. 17) and Episode 483.
  65. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 44 Chapter 425 (p. 10-16) and Episode 308.
  66. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 44 Chapter 427 (p. 8-18) and Episode 309.
  67. 67.0 67.1 67.2
  68. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 84 Chapter 844 and Episode 808.
  69. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 84 Chapter 846 (p. 2-11) and Episode 811.
  70. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 85 Chapter 852 (p. 14) and Episode 820.
  71. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 49 Chapter 476 and Episode 370.
  72. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 14 Chapter 126 (p. 13-17) and Episode 76.
  73. 73.0 73.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 11 Chapter 91 (p. 8-11) and Episode 42.
  74. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 30 Chapter 281 (p. 13-19) and Episode 183.
  75. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 87 Chapter 878 (p. 14) and Episode 850.
  76. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 20 Chapter 179 (p. 7) and Episode 111.
  77. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 22 Chapter 200 (p. 10-19) and Episode 122.
  78. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 22 Chapter 204 (p. 10-15) and Episode 124.
  79. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 14 Chapter 123 (p. 6-9) and Episode 75.
  80. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 546 (p. 3-5) and Episode 449.
  81. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 72 Chapter 720 (p. 17) and Episode 650.
  82. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 57 Chapter 562 (p. 10) and Episode 471.
  83. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 59 Chapter 577 (p. 7) and Episode 486.
  84. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 90 Chapter 901 (p. 13) and Episode 876.
  85. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 53 Chapter 521 (p. 10-19) and Episode 415.
  86. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 75 Chapter 748 (p. 8-15) and Episode 684.
  87. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 79 Chapter 789 and Episode 732.
  88. One Piece Manga — Vol. 94 Chapter 949.
  89. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 1 (p. 13, 19-20) and Episode 4, Luffy eats the Gomu Gomu no Mi.
  90. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 60 Chapter 585 (p. 2) and Episode 496.
  91. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 4 (p. 13-15) and Episode 2.
  92. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 2 Chapter 13 (p. 11-12) and Episode 6.
  93. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 5 (p. 17-18) and Episode 2.
  94. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 2 Chapter 15 (p. 17-19) and Episode 7.
  95. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 40 Chapter 388 (p. 1-11) and Episode 273.
  96. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 601 (p. 13) and Episode 521.
  97. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 44 Chapter 420 (p. 14) and Episode 302.
  98. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 44 Chapter 421 (p. 15-18) and Episode 304.
  99. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 42 Chapter 403 (p. 19) and Episode 288.
  100. 100.0 100.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 62 Chapter 605 (p. 14-19) and Episode 525.
  101. 101.0 101.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 78 Chapter 784 and Episode 726.
  102. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 84 Chapter 842 (p. 13-15) and Episode 806.
  103. 103.0 103.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 79 Chapter 786 and Episodes 728729.
  104. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 79 Chapter 791 (p. 4-5) and Episode 734.
  105. One Piece Manga — Vol. 97 Chapter 975 (p. 8), Luffy enters Gear Fourth without Muscle Ballon.
  106. One Piece Manga — Vol. 97 Chapter 975 (p. 9), Luffy remains up and arguing with Law and Kid after using Gear Fourth.
  107. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 51 Chapter 495 (p. 16) and Episode 389.
  108. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 53 Chapter 519 (p. 17-18) and Episode 413.
  109. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 60 Chapter 586 (p. 18) and Episode 438.
  110. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 569 (p. 14-15) and Episode 478.
  111. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 597 (p. 15-16) and Episode 516.
  112. 112.0 112.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 599 (p. 6-7) and Episode 518.
  113. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 64 Chapter 634 (p. 13-16) and Episode 554.
  114. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 72 Chapter 716 (p. 16-19) and Episode 646.
  115. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 78 Chapter 782 (p. 2-4) and Episode 723.
  116. One Piece Manga — Vol. 93 Chapter 942 (p. 5), Luffy uses Haoshoku Haki while unconscious.
  117. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 89 Chapter 894 (p. 5-8) and Episode 869.
  118. One Piece Manga — Vol. 91 Chapter 911 (p. 5-7).
  119. One Piece Manga — Vol. 91 Chapter 916 (p. 8).
  120. One Piece Manga — Vol. 93 Chapter 939 (p. 10-13).
  121. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 68 Chapter 670 (p. 17) and Episode 596.
  122. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 88 Chapter 884 and Episode 857.
  123. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 88 Chapter 885 (p. 12) and Episode 859.
  124. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 83 Chapter 837 (p. 14) and Episode 799.
  125. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 88 Chapter 883 (p. 14) and Episode 856.
  126. One Piece Manga — Vol. 94 Chapter 946 (p. 15-17).
  127. One Piece Manga — Vol. 94 Chapter 947 (p. 6-7).
  128. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 955 (p. 16).
  129. One Piece Manga — Chapter 986 (p. 9), Luffy removes Yamato's explosive cuffs.
  130. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 65 Chapter 637 (p. 3-4) and Episode 558.
  131. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 65 Chapter 644 (p. 18-19) and Episode 565.
  132. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 2 Chapter 10 (p. 19) and Episode 5.
  133. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 2 Chapter 11 (p. 9) and Episode 5.
  134. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 60 Chapter 590 (p. 13) and Episode 505.
  135. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 88 Chapter 883 (p. 7) and Episode 856.
  136. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 23 Chapter 213 (p. 11) and Episode 128, Luffy recovers from the battle on Alabasta.
  137. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 55 Chapter 539 (p. 2-4) and Episode 440.
  138. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 85 Chapter 858 (p. 11) and Episode 827.
  139. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 45 Chapter 431 (p. 9) and Episode 313.
  140. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 824 (p. 14-15) and Episode 779, Luffy's Random Curry led to the crew's starvation.
  141. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 53 Chapter 514 (p. 13) and Episode 408, Luffy eats a boar and mushrooms.
  142. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 61 Chapter 597 (p. 18) and Episode 516.
  143. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 66 Chapter 648 (p. 5) and Episode 568.
  144. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 821 and Episode 773.
  145. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 24 Chapter 223 (p. 6-7) and Episode 146.
  146. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 22 Chapter 202 (p. 2-5) and Episode 123.
  147. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 87 Chapter 872 (p. 2-3) and Episode 842.
  148. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 11 Chapter 99 (p. 13-16) and Episode 52.
  149. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 8 Chapter 69 (p. 8, 11) and Episode 31.
  150. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 34 Chapter 323 (p. 5) and Episode 229.
  151. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 5 Chapter 42 (p. 2) and Episode 18.
  152. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 12 Chapter 105 (p. 2) and Episode 63.
  153. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 34 Chapter 318 (p. 12) and Episode 219.
  154. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 60 Chapter 585 (p. 3) and Episode 496.
  155. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 10 Chapter 90 (p. 9-11) and Episode 42.
  156. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 91 Chapter 912 (p. 8) and Episode 897.
  157. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 14 Chapter 123 and Episode 75, Luffy uses the wax cylinders that Mr. 3 binds him with like hammers.
  158. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 54 Chapter 532 (p. 17-18) and Episode 433, Galdino coats Luffy's arm in wax to defeat Minotaurus.
  159. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 56 Chapter 546 (p. 4) and Episode 449, Galdino gives Luffy gloves and boots resembling Candle Champion's to battle against Magellan.
  160. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 32 Chapter 297 and Episode 192, Luffy destroys Enel's Raigo.
  161. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 32 Chapter 298 and Episode 192, Luffy defeats Enel and rings the Golden Bell with Gomu Gomu no Ogon Rifle.
  162. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 22 Chapter 200 and Episode 122, Luffy becomes Mizu Luffy to fight Crocodile.

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