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Paramecia is one of the three Devil Fruit types, being the most common. This type of Devil Fruit allows the consumer to achieve one of a large variety of abilities that enables them to become superhuman or perform a superhuman feat.[1]

The term Paramecia was first used when Wyper witnessed Luffy's Devil Fruit abilities.[2]


The defining aspect of Paramecia fruit abilities is that they do not enable the user to transform into an animal like a Zoan, or transform into a natural element like a Logia. Thus, Paramecia encompasses a massive range of varying powers. That being said, just about every Paramecia ability can be placed in three general categories: altering the user's body, altering the environment, and generating a substance. Some fruits fall into one of these categories, while others fall into multiple depending on usage.

Bodily Alteration

A fruit altering the user's body.

Bodily alteration caused by Paramecia fruits comes in many forms. Some fruits permanently change the user’s body composition; for example, the Gomu Gomu no Mi user will always have a rubbery body, and even if they are rendered unable to use their Devil Fruit ability, they will still stretch if acted upon by an outside force.[3]

Other Paramecia users can alter their body on command; some users can transform certain body parts into other things, both organic and inorganic. Examples include the Buki Buki no Mi user transforming their body parts into a variety of weapons, and the Mane Mane no Mi user transforming into other people. In most instances, abilities that transform body parts into inanimate objects do not make their bodies intangible like a Logia transformation.

Alternatively, the user may be able to change a property of their body, such as the Suke Suke no Mi allowing the user to turn invisible, or the Hira Hira no Mi letting the user make their body ripple like a two-dimensional flag. The Yomi Yomi no Mi is a special type of body altering fruit, as it enables the user's soul to return to the world of the living after death and reanimate their body, with most of their energy and life force residing in their soul after resurrecting. Additionally, some Paramecia users can alter their bodies by interacting with the environment in a certain way. For example, the Baku Baku no Mi user gains properties of anything they eat, and the Jake Jake no Mi's purpose is for the user to be worn by someone else and thus combine two people's strength.

A special Paramecia shows abilities analogous to that of a Logia.

The Mochi Mochi no Mi is called a "special Paramecia" (特殊な超人系パラミシア tokushuna Paramishia?).[4] It is an exception to typical properties of a body altering Paramecia, as it possesses abilities identical to a Logia, such as the user transforming into mochi,[5] being blown apart by attacks only to reform,[6][7] or keeping objects hidden within the substance of their body.[8] The only known difference between this fruit and Logia fruits is that the substance the user transforms into is man-made rather than naturally occurring.

Environmental Alteration

A fruit's power manipulating the user's surroundings.

Environment-altering Paramecias enable their users to achieve an unnatural effect on their environment. Some of these fruits work best on living organisms, some on inanimate objects, and others equally well on anything.

Many of these users can alter something around them by simply touching it, while others can produce a certain substance that is used to achieve the desired effect. For example, the Noro Noro no Mi user slows things down by hitting them with a photon beam, while Tama uses the Kibi Kibi no Mi by pulling a piece of kibi dango from her body and feeding it to the animal.

A few fruits can create a special zone in which their alteration takes effect, such as the Ope Ope no Mi and Nagi Nagi no Mi.

An environment altering user may gain a special level of control over a certain type of object, including objects that normal people would not be able to interact with. For example, the Kage Kage no Mi user can grab people's shadows and cut them off with scissors, and the Buku Buku no Mi user can perform supernatural actions with books like levitating them, inserting objects into them, and using their content to create illusions.

Alternatively, the user might transform their body parts to achieve the effect, such as the Horu Horu no Mi user transforming their fingers into needles to inject hormones into someone's body and the Choki Choki no Mi user transforming their arms into scissors to give objects they cut the properties of paper.

Some body-altering Paramecia users can apply the alteration to the surrounding environment, usually by touching it; for example, the Hira Hira no Mi user can make any object they touch ripple in addition to their own body. Several of these fruits can only extend their power to inanimate objects, like the Fuwa Fuwa no Mi and Pamu Pamu no Mi, although some can still affect other living beings like the Suke Suke no Mi.

Substance Generation

A fruit's power generating substance.

Finally, some Paramecia fruits are capable of generating a specific substance. Many of these powers resemble Logia users' substance generation, by enabling the user to create a near-limitless amount of their substance and shape it as desired.

However, with the exception for the Mochi Mochi no Mi, users of these fruits cannot transform their bodies into their respective property like Logia users. Substances generated by Paramecia users are distinctive from those of Logia users in that Paramecia-generated substances are typically refined and manmade (including wax, string, and poison), whereas Logia substances naturally occur. Some fruits can even generate extremely refined objects including food (such as biscuits) and clothing.

A few substance-generating fruits stand out from others, as the substances they create are unnatural with unique effects on the surrounding environment. Special generating fruits include the Bari Bari no Mi which can create impenetrable barriers with a maximum surface area, and the Hoya Hoya no Mi which summons a genie to fight on the user's behalf. The Horo Horo no Mi user can create ghosts with a large variety of effects on the environment, including allowing the user to see what the ghosts see and inflicting negative emotions on people they pass through.

Additionally, some fruits generate real substances with unusual and sometimes supernatural properties. These substances include bubbles that can wash away the strength of anyone affected, straw that can deflect damage to others, mucus that is flammable, butter that is adhesive instead of slippery, and cream that can burn skin.

Paramecia-Type Users

See also the associated category: Paramecia Devil Fruit Users.
[v · e · ?]
Paramecia Users
Monkey D. Luffy * Buggy Alvida Gem Mikita
Nico Robin Galdino Wapol Bentham Daz Bonez
Zala Hina Bellamy Donquixote Doflamingo * Foxy
Blueno Kalifa Very Good Shu Sharinguru
Perona Brook Gecko Moria Bartholomew Kuma Jewelry Bonney
Eustass Kid * Trafalgar D.
Water Law *
Capone Bege Urouge Basil Hawkins
Scratchmen Apoo Boa Hancock Magellan Emporio Ivankov Inazuma
Jozu Blamenco Tsuru Shiki Sanjuan Wolf
Marshall D. Teach Vander Decken IX Kin'emon Sugar Baby 5
Buffalo Trebol Issho Bartolomeo Leo
Viola Giolla Kelly Funk Gladius Senor Pink
Machvise Diamante Pica Kurozumi Kanjuro ? Mansherry
Charlotte Linlin Charlotte Brûlée Charlotte Perospero Charlotte Cracker Charlotte Galette
Charlotte Mont-d'Or Charlotte Opera ? Charlotte Smoothie Charlotte Pudding Charlotte Katakuri *
Charlotte Daifuku Charlotte Oven Streusen Charlotte Newshi Morley
Belo Betty Tama Shinobu Shiryu Raizo
Edward Newgate Donquixote Rosinante Carmel Kozuki Toki Absalom
Kurozumi Higurashi Kurozumi Semimaru
Eldoraggo Apis Eric ? Bear King Noko
Blyue Accino Musshuru Largo Chameleone
Lily Enstomach Binz Ain Lambor Bukini Breed
Bildy Byrnndi World Gairam Inchikin Bürst
Bonbon Bill  Tanaka Aveyron Mad Treasure
Psycho P Gild Tesoro * Baccarat Wilder Pokke
Ann Bad One Gracie * Neiro Bounty Prize
Artur Bacca Balzac Douglas Bullet * Kardia

  •  : the character is deceased.
  •  ?: the character's status is unknown.
  •  : the character is non-canon.
  •  : the character is no longer part of this group. Hovering the symbol may give further details.
  •  *: other relevant information. Hovering the symbol gives further details.



See also the associated category: Paramecia.

Named Fruits

Total Count: 79
  • Gomu Gomu no Mi (English versions: Gum-Gum Fruit): Turns the user's body into rubber, giving them the power to stretch, bounce, and inflate, as well as making them immune to electricity and near impervious to blunt-force attacks and bullets. Eaten by Monkey D. Luffy.
    • This fruit was originally called the Hito Hito no Mi, Model: Nika and was classified as a Mythical Zoan before being renamed by the World Government.
  • Bara Bara no Mi (English versions: Chop-Chop Fruit): Allows the user to split their body into separate pieces, which they can manipulate and levitate through the air. It also makes them immune to slashing attacks. Eaten by Buggy.
  • Sube Sube no Mi (English versions: Slip-Slip Fruit/Smooth-Smooth Fruit): Makes the user's skin extremely smooth and slippery, causing things to slide off them. Eaten by Alvida.
  • Bomu Bomu no Mi (English versions: Bomb-Bomb Fruit/Boom-Boom Fruit): Allows the user to create explosions from their body, as well as give explosive properties to their bodily secretions. Also makes the user immune to explosions. Eaten by Gem.
  • Kiro Kiro no Mi (English versions: Kilo-Kilo Fruit): Allows the user to increase or decrease their body weight at will. Eaten by Mikita.
  • Hana Hana no Mi (English versions: Flower-Flower Fruit): Allows the user to sprout duplicates of their body parts from any nearby surface. Eaten by Nico Robin.
  • Doru Doru no Mi (English versions: Wax-Wax Fruit): Allows the user to create and control candle wax. Eaten by Galdino.
  • Baku Baku no Mi (English versions: Munch-Munch Fruit): Allows the user to eat anything and transform their body to match the qualities of what they've recently eaten. Eaten by Wapol.
  • Mane Mane no Mi (English versions: Clone-Clone Fruit): Allows the user to transform into a physical lookalike of any person whose face they have touched. Eaten by Kurozumi Higurashi until her death and later eaten by Bentham.
  • Supa Supa no Mi (English versions: Dice-Dice Fruit): Allows the user to transform any part of their body into a blade, thus gaining slashing abilities and making their skin as hard as steel. Eaten by Daz Bonez.
  • Toge Toge no Mi (English versions: Spike-Spike Fruit): Allows the user to grow strong pointy spikes from their body. Eaten by Zala.
  • Ori Ori no Mi (English versions: Cage-Cage Fruit/Bind-Bind Fruit): Allows the user to create iron bindings on their opponents. Eaten by Hina.
  • Bane Bane no Mi (English versions: Spring-Spring Fruit/Boing-Boing Fruit): Allows the user to turn their body and limbs into springs. Eaten by Bellamy.
  • Ito Ito no Mi (English versions: String-String Fruit): Allows the user to create and control strings. Eaten by Donquixote Doflamingo.
  • Noro Noro no Mi (English versions: Slow-Slow Fruit): Allows the user to emit special photons, anything hit by these photons will be trapped in a state of slow motion for 30 seconds. Eaten by Foxy.
  • Doa Doa no Mi (English versions: Door-Door Fruit): Allows the user to create and open doors on anything, including walls, living beings, and even the air itself. Eaten by Blueno.
  • Awa Awa no Mi (English versions: Bubble-Bubble Fruit): Allows the user to create and control soap bubbles that can clean anything, including strength. Eaten by Kalifa.
  • Beri Beri no Mi (English versions: Berry-Berry Fruit): Allows the user to split their body into many spheres. Eaten by Very Good.
  • Sabi Sabi no Mi (English versions: Rust-Rust Fruit): Allows the user to rust anything they touch, including organic material. Eaten by Shu.
  • Shari Shari no Mi (English versions: Wheel-Wheel Fruit): Allows the user to turn their limbs into wheels. Eaten by Sharinguru.
  • Horo Horo no Mi (English versions: Hollow-Hollow Fruit): Allows the user to create and control ghosts with different abilities, such as inflicting feelings of despair on people whom they pass through, or exploding with great force. The user can also make their own ghost leave their body as a form of astral projection. Eaten by Perona.
  • Yomi Yomi no Mi (English versions: Revive-Revive Fruit): Allows the user's soul to return to the living world after dying, bringing the user back to life. The user can also make their returned soul temporarily leave their reanimated body. Eaten by Brook.
  • Kage Kage no Mi (English versions: Shadow-Shadow Fruit): Allows the user to manifest and control shadows; they can animate and freely manipulate their own shadow, as well as steal and absorb other people's shadows, making the user bigger and stronger. Stolen shadows can also be implanted into corpses, reanimating them. Eaten by Gecko Moria.
  • Suke Suke no Mi (English versions: Clear-Clear Fruit): Allows the user to become invisible, as well as make anything they touch invisible. Eaten by Absalom until his death and later eaten by Shiryu.
  • Nikyu Nikyu no Mi (English versions: Paw-Paw Fruit): Gives the user paw pads on their hands that can repel anything they touch. Eaten by Bartholomew Kuma.
  • Jiki Jiki no Mi (English versions: Magnet-Magnet Fruit): Allows the user to manipulate magnetic forces. Eaten by Eustass Kid.
  • Ope Ope no Mi (English versions: Op-Op Fruit): Allows the user to manifest a large sphere of aura, inside which they can manipulate the fabric of space, allowing the user to teleport, telekinetically move things, cleave things without actually damaging them, reassemble things into various combinations, and generate high voltage energy. Eaten by Trafalgar D. Water Law.
  • Shiro Shiro no Mi (English versions: Castle-Castle Fruit): Allows the user to become a living fortress equipped with cannons, as well as letting them shrink people and objects who enter their body and house them inside. Eaten by Capone Bege.
  • Wara Wara no Mi (English versions: Straw-Straw Fruit): Allows the user to create and control straw. They can also create straw voodoo dolls, allowing the user to transfer the damage they take to the dolls and, by extension, the people connected to them. Eaten by Basil Hawkins.
  • Oto Oto no Mi (English versions: Tone-Tone Fruit): Allows the user to morph their body parts into musical instruments and weaponize the sound waves they create. Eaten by Scratchmen Apoo.
  • Mero Mero no Mi (English versions: Love-Love Fruit): Allows the user to turn people that feel attraction for them into stone statues. Eaten by Boa Hancock.
  • Doku Doku no Mi (English versions: Venom-Venom Fruit): Allows the user to create and control poison. Eaten by Magellan.
  • Horu Horu no Mi (English versions: Horm-Horm Fruit): Allows the user to create special hormones that can alter a persons body in various ways, as well as turn their fingers into syringes that they can use to inject the hormones into a person's body. Eaten by Emporio Ivankov.
  • Choki Choki no Mi (English versions: Snip-Snip Fruit): Allows the user to transform parts of their body into scissors. Anything cut by these scissors briefly gains the properties of paper. Eaten by Inazuma.
  • Gura Gura no Mi (English versions: Tremor-Tremor Fruit): Allows the user to create quakes and shockwaves. Considered to be the most powerful Paramecia. Eaten by Edward Newgate and later stolen from him by Marshall D. Teach upon his death.
  • Kira Kira no Mi (English versions: Twinkle-Twinkle Fruit): Allows the user to transform their body into diamond. Eaten by Jozu.
  • Poke Poke no Mi (English versions: Pocket-Pocket Fruit): Gives the user a pocket on their body where they can store objects, such as weapons, even very large objects that are bigger that the pocket holes themselves. The user can pull these stored objects and weapons back out at will. Eaten by Blamenco.
  • Woshu Woshu no Mi (English versions: Wash-Wash Fruit): Allows the user to literally wash and fold a person as if they were laundry. It also makes the victim's heart cleaner. Eaten by Tsuru.
  • Fuwa Fuwa no Mi (English versions: Float-Float Fruit): Allows the user to fly and make non-living things they touch levitate. Eaten by Shiki.
  • Mato Mato no Mi (English versions: Mark-Mark Fruit): Allows the user to mark a person as their target by touching them so that any weapon thrown with that same hand will chase after the marked target. Eaten by Vander Decken IX.
  • Fuku Fuku no Mi (English versions: Garb-Garb Fruit): Allows the user to create clothing. Eaten by Kin'emon.
  • Hobi Hobi no Mi (English versions: Hobby-Hobby Fruit): Allows the user to turn people into subservient living toys, simultaneously erasing any memory of the victim from the minds of others. It also halts the user's aging. Eaten by Sugar.
  • Buki Buki no Mi (English versions: Arms-Arms Fruit): Allows the user to transform their body into any kind of weapon. Eaten by Baby 5.
  • Guru Guru no Mi (English versions: Spin-Spin Fruit): Allows the user to make any part of their body spin like a propeller. Eaten by Buffalo.
  • Beta Beta no Mi (English versions: Stick-Stick Fruit): Allows the user to create and control mucus. Eaten by Trebol.
  • Zushi Zushi no Mi (English versions: Press-Press Fruit): Allows the user to manipulate gravity. Eaten by Issho.
  • Bari Bari no Mi (English versions: Barrier-Barrier Fruit): Allows the user to create barriers. Eaten by Kurozumi Semimaru until his death and later eaten by Bartolomeo.
  • Nui Nui no Mi (English versions: Stitch-Stitch Power): Allows the user to stitch things together. Eaten by Leo.
  • Giro Giro no Mi (English versions: Glare-Glare Fruit): Allows the user to see through solid objects and over vast distances, as well as see into people's minds and memories. Eaten by Viola.
  • Ato Ato no Mi (English versions: Art-Art Fruit): Allows the user to transform people and objects into abstract art, rendering them unable to function. Eaten by Giolla.
  • Jake Jake no Mi (English versions: Jacket-Jacket Fruit): Allows the user to transform into a whole-body jacket and control the body of the person wearing them. While being worn, the user can take advantage of both their own physical abilities and those of the person wearing them. Eaten by Kelly Funk.
  • Pamu Pamu no Mi (English versions: Pop-Pop Fruit): Allows the user to expand and rupture their body, as well as any inorganic object they touch. Eaten by Gladius.
  • Sui Sui no Mi (English versions: Swim-Swim Fruit): Allows the user to swim freely through solid ground and walls. Eaten by Senor Pink.
  • Ton Ton no Mi (English versions: Ton-Ton Fruit): Allows the user to drastically increase their body weight. Eaten by Machvise.
  • Hira Hira no Mi (English versions: Ripple-Ripple Fruit): Allows the user to give their body, as well as anything they touch, the properties of fabric, making it thin, flexible, and fluttering. Eaten by Diamante.
  • Ishi Ishi no Mi (English versions: Stone-Stone Fruit): Allows the user to assimilate into and control stone. Eaten by Pica.
  • Fude Fude no Mi (English versions: Brush-Brush Fruit): Allows the user to create ink, as well as manifest and manipulate anything they draw using a brush. Eaten by Kurozumi Kanjuro.
  • Nagi Nagi no Mi (English versions: Calm-Calm Fruit): Allows the user to nullify sounds. Eaten by Donquixote Rosinante until his death.
  • Chiyu Chiyu no Mi (English versions: Heal-Heal Fruit): Allows the user to heal people's wounds. Eaten by Mansherry.
  • Soru Soru no Mi (English versions: Soul-Soul Fruit): Allows the user to extract people's souls and use them to bring objects to life. Eaten by Carmel until her death and later eaten by Charlotte Linlin.
  • Mira Mira no Mi (English versions: Mirror-Mirror Fruit): Allows the user to create mirrors that can reflect attacks and act as entrances to the Mirro-World. Eaten by Charlotte Brûlée.
  • Pero Pero no Mi (English versions: Lick-Lick Fruit): Allows the user to create and control candy. Eaten by Charlotte Perospero.
  • Bisu Bisu no Mi (English versions: Bis-Bis Fruit): Allows the user to create and control biscuits. Eaten by Charlotte Cracker.
  • Bata Bata no Mi (English versions: Butter-Butter Fruit): Allows the user to create and control butter. Eaten by Charlotte Galette.
  • Buku Buku no Mi (English versions: Book-Book Fruit): Allows the user to manipulate books, as well as trap people inside them. Eaten by Charlotte Mont-d'Or.
  • Kuri Kuri no Mi (English versions: Cream-Cream Fruit): Allows the user to create and control cream. Eaten by Charlotte Opera.
  • Shibo Shibo no Mi (English versions: Wring-Wring Fruit): Allows the user to drain liquid from people and objects, as well as transfer that liquid into their own body, making them bigger and stronger. Eaten by Charlotte Smoothie.
  • Memo Memo no Mi (English versions: Memo-Memo Fruit): Allows the user to manipulate people's memories. Eaten by Charlotte Pudding.
  • Mochi Mochi no Mi (English versions: Mochi-Mochi Fruit): Allows the user to create, control, and even transform their body into mochi. This Devil Fruit is noted to be a "special Paramecia". Eaten by Charlotte Katakuri.
  • Hoya Hoya no Mi (English versions: Puff-Puff Fruit): Allows the user to summon a genie from their body. Eaten by Charlotte Daifuku.
  • Netsu Netsu no Mi (English versions: Heat-Heat Fruit): Allows the user to emit high heat from their body. Eaten by Charlotte Oven.
  • Kuku Kuku no Mi (English versions: Cook-Cook Fruit): Allows the user to transform objects into nutritious food. Eaten by Streusen.
  • Gocha Gocha no Mi (English versions: Pile-Pile Fruit): Allows the user to fuse themselves with other people. Eaten by Charlotte Newshi.
  • Oshi Oshi no Mi (English versions: Push-Push Fruit): Allows the user to manipulate the ground as if it were made of clay. Eaten by Morley.
  • Kobu Kobu no Mi (English versions: Pump-Pump Fruit): Allows the user to rally people into fighting and awaken their latent potential. Eaten by Belo Betty.
  • Kibi Kibi no Mi (English versions: Millet-Millet Fruit): Allows the user to create "dango" from their cheek. Any animal that eats one of these dango is tamed and becomes subservient to the user. Eaten by Tama.
  • Toki Toki no Mi (English versions: Time-Time Fruit): Allows the user to send themselves and others forward in time. Eaten by Kozuki Toki until her death.
  • Juku Juku no Mi (English versions: Ripe-Ripe Fruit): Allows the user to mature and decay any person or object they touch. Eaten by Shinobu.
  • Maki Maki no Mi (English versions: Scroll-Scroll Fruit): Allows the user to create and control scrolls at will, which have special properties, including the ability to store objects inside them. Eaten by Raizo.

Unnamed Fruits

Total Count: 3
  • Jewelry Bonney's fruit which allows her to manipulate the age of any person, including herself.
  • Urouge's fruit which allows him to convert damage taken into strength, resulting in expanding muscles.
  • Sanjuan Wolf's fruit that makes him much bigger than regular giants.


See also the associated category: Non-Canon Paramecia.


Total Count: 37


Total Count: 3


The power of the strongest Paramecia.

By eating a Paramecia fruit, a person will receive a superhuman ability, allowing them to perform actions that would be impossible for a normal person to do, and in some instances survive events that would otherwise kill them. Many advantages granted by Paramecia fruits can be applied in battle, particularly if the user is well-trained with their fruit. The Gura Gura no Mi is considered to be the strongest Paramecia fruit, having the ability to create massive shockwaves and tsunamis, possessing the power to potentially destroy the entire world; its strength is considered on par with that of a Logia fruit.[9] A few other conventionally powerful Paramecia abilities include summoning gravity, creating explosions, and heavy poisoning. Some Paramecia fruits are capable of doing more than just harming enemies physically, such as the Horo Horo no Mi which can mentally subdue other people.[10] If a user can alter the environment around them, they may be able to use outside objects to their benefit in battle, or have a particular advantage against a certain type of opponent. For example, the Sabi Sabi no Mi user is particularly dangerous against swordsmen due to their ability to instantly rust metal swords.[11]

A Paramecia altered body unharmed by a slash from the world’s greatest swordsman.

If a Paramecia user has an altered body, they may be able to play off their environment in ways that would normally be dangerous. For example, the Gomu Gomu no Mi user will be unharmed by any blunt impact, the Bara Bara no Mi user is unaffected by cutting attacks, and the Sube Sube no Mi user will have dangerous projectiles slip off them without causing harm. Certain Paramecia users' bodies will become immune to the effects of their powers, such as the Doku Doku no Mi user being immune to touching poison (and, to a lesser degree, to consuming poison)[12] and the Buki Buki no Mi user being able to turn their entire body into a bomb and reform without issue after exploding.[13] However, not every Paramecia user is granted this advantage.

Homies created by the Soru Soru no Mi, some for combat, others for appearance.

A Paramecia fruit may also offer a valuable superhuman skill that goes beyond fighting. A prominent example is the Ope Ope no Mi, which was well-reputed for being used by a certain doctor to perform miraculous medical operations,[14] and used by Trafalgar Law to cure his otherwise incurable Amber Lead Syndrome. The fruit also possesses the extreme application of granting someone eternal life, leading it to be classified as the "Ultimate Devil Fruit".[15] Other examples of important non-combat fruit usage include the Chiyu Chiyu no Mi magically healing wounds, the Fuku Fuku no Mi creating disguises, and the Guru Guru no Mi allowing the user to fly.[16][17]

Overall, many Paramecia users who have a large amount of experience and training with their fruit have shown the ability to use their fruits in a large variety of ways, both for combat and self-benefit. This is typically best seen with experienced users in the New World, like Donquixote Doflamingo and Big Mom. However, there are other people who have been shown using their fruits for a more limited purpose, but remain powerful in combat.

Although Paramecia fruits (except for the Mochi Mochi no Mi) do not enable the user to transform their bodies into substances, this means that, unlike Logia users, the substances Paramecia users generate are not considered part of their body. This means that attacking a Paramecia user's generated substance with Busoshoku Haki will do no harm to the user. This was exploited by Trebol, who used the Beta Beta no Mi to hide his body with a large amount of mucus and trick opponents into attacking nothing but mucus.[18] Skilled substance generating users, particularly ones capable of near-infinite generating, have frequently increased their battle prowess by assembling a wide variety of creations with their substance, particularly golems directly fight alongside or even in place of them, as well as ones they can inhabit.[19][20][21][22]


Listen up, hatchling. Devil Fruit abilities have a whole other stage to them. It’s called "Awakening"! Very rarely, an ability will "awaken", and begin to affect things other than the user's own body!
— Donquixote Doflamingo to Monkey D. Luffy on the new power he is displaying.[23]

Like all Devil Fruit abilities, Paramecia types can also be "awakened", attaining the ability to use their Devil Fruits at a new level of strength and in different manners than they originally could. Luffy notes that such a feat makes it no longer appear to be the power of a mere Paramecia.[23]

Doflamingo uses the Ito Ito no Mi to turn the environment into strings.

Usually, an awakened Paramecia allows the user to spread their power beyond their own body and transform or alter the properties of material around them to match the nature of their fruit. They can also manipulate the altered material in any way they desire. The transformation effect can be spread over a very wide area or be compressed into a single target. Doflamingo, after awakening the Ito Ito no Mi, can extend his string creating ability, transmuting the ground and buildings into vast quantities of strings that he can manipulate without even the need to touch them. Katakuri affects the environment in a similar way with his Mochi Mochi no Mi during his battle with Luffy.[24] Douglas Bullet can extend the range of his material combining ability to entire terrains, allowing those to be disassembled and reconstructed within a far greater range than he would normally be able to.[25]

The main difference between awakening and Devil Fruits that allow the user to transform and manipulate the environment in the unawakened stage, such as the Hira Hira no Mi, is that awakening allows one to transform the environment from afar, as well as control it with just their mind. Unawakened environment manipulating Devil Fruits require the user to touch what they wish to transform, and often requires bodily movement to be controlled.

There are also certain cases where the awakening does not spread through an entire area or affect only inorganic materials. In these cases, the awakening simply allows the user to utilize more advanced abilities than they did previously. Kid, for example, has shown the ability to bestow magnetism onto other people, turning them into living magnets that attract all metal, and can even imbue inverse magnetic polarities to non-metallic targets to force an attraction between them. Trafalgar Law can apply the essence of his ROOM technique into objects such as his sword, turning it into a miniature operating room from which he can operate through, and also create remote operating fields that manifest different effects on something.[26] The non-canon Gild Tesoro can create a complex sensory network within the gold he touched, enabling him to sense every movement connected with his gold.[27]

The Gomu Gomu no Mi has a very special case of awakening, as it demonstrates not only the abilities of Paramecia, but also a Zoan, as the user's appearance changes greatly while using it. Luffy, while using the awakening (which he has dubbed Gear 5), is able to accomplish several feats that he could never do in his other forms, such as being able to enlarge his entire body or parts of it without the need for blowing air into himself, or use the force from his legs to literally run on air. Also, like any awakened Paramecia, he can spread his power to other objects or even people, turning them to rubber as well.

Canon Awakenings

Devil Fruit Ability Awakening
Ito Ito no Mi To create and control strings. Can transform to surrounding environment into strings.
Mochi Mochi no Mi To become, create and control mochi. Can transform to surrounding environment into mochi.
Ope Ope no Mi To create a field where the user can manipulate objects or beings in several ways. Can coat an object in the field to grant it various effects.
Jiki Jiki no Mi To control magnetic forces. Can turn other objects or beings into magnets.
Gomu Gomu no Mi * To gain a rubbery body. Can manipulate their body more freely and turn other things into rubber. Also changes their appearance.

Non-Canon Awakenings

Devil Fruit Ability Awakening
Goru Goru no Mi To control any gold the user touches. Can create a sensory system within the gold the user controls.
Ute Ute no Mi To transform any object into a firearm. Can create guns from the very environment.
Gasha Gasha no Mi To assimlate and combine objects. Can spread their influence farther and assimilate the very environment.


A healing Paramecia with no real offensive abilities.

Paramecia is the only class of Devil Fruit that contains fruits with little to no use in battle, in contrast to Zoans which are suited for close combat and Logias whose transformations grant massive offensive and defensive power boosts. The Toki Toki no Mi is a notable fruit with no known offensive capability, as it can only cause objects to travel through time.[28] Other Paramecia fruits have only been shown to be useful against enemies with an advanced application of the power, or strategic usage of it. The Yomi Yomi no Mi is an example of the former, as Brook was never able to use it in battle until becoming able to summon the chills of the underworld to freeze outside objects.[29] The Chiyu Chiyu no Mi's only known instance of inhibiting others was when Mansherry drew the blood of willing Marines to turn into healing dandelions, which drained their energy as part of the Tontatta Tribe's plot against them.[30]

Additionally, whether or not a Paramecia user can effectively use their power can often depend on what environment they are in. The Jake Jake no Mi and Gocha Gocha no Mi, which both revolve around combining multiple people's abilities, have little use if there is no other person to operate with the user. For the most part, a Paramecia ability cannot sustain a user in high-level combat by itself, even if it is useful in battle; just about every powerful Paramecia user has developed a variety of combat skills and acquired weapons to utilize alongside their power, and Paramecia users that have demonstrated few abilities other than their Devil Fruit will typically be easily beaten by a member of the former group.[31] Paramecia abilities can frequently be highly complex and tricky for the user to grow accustomed to, so special training is frequently needed to hone the fruit's abilities effectively. One prominent example is the Gomu Gomu no Mi, as Luffy was initially unable to effectively throw a punch while stretching his arm, and needed to train for several years to perform effective long-range attacks.[32]

Enlarging at the risk of sinking the ship she was riding on.

If used improperly or carelessly, a Paramecia ability may be dangerous to its user and any allies the user has around them, especially if the ability is extremely powerful and destructive by nature. This was most prominently seen with the Gura Gura no Mi, which can be extremely dangerous to friend and foe alike as once an earthquake is created, anyone in the affected area will fall victim to the ground shifting, as well as the potential arrival of tsunamis.[33] The Zushi Zushi no Mi is capable of using gravity to push or pull any object in a certain direction, but it does not give the user any protection from those objects, particularly objects that they might pull down to their vicinity like meteors.[34] The Shibo Shibo no Mi can allow the user to absorb liquids and become bigger and heavier, but this may make them unsuitable for their environment, especially if they are on a ship.[35] Some Paramecia abilities can apply their effect to the user themselves, with a prominent instance being when Luffy was able to slow Foxy down by reflecting his Noro Noro no Mi beam back at him.[36]

Paramecia abilities, particularly environment altering ones, typically have some sort of limitation which can at times be arbitrary. An environment altering fruit may only affect inanimate objects, an effect created by a fruit ability may only last for a short time, a body altering user can typically only alter their body by a certain amount, and users who can generate a special substance might be limited in the amount they can generate, such as the Bari Bari no Mi having a maximum barrier size.[37] Some of these fruits' limits can be expanded by training, while others are always in effect. Thus, it can often be important when fighting a Paramecia user to determine the limits of their fruit and exploit it. Some fruits that affect living organisms can be limited depending on a trait of the organism; for example, the Horo Horo no Mi's Negative Hollows cannot affect a person who is already negative,[38] while the Mero Mero no Mi does not work against anyone who has no lustful feelings toward the user.[39]

Some fruits are officially considered superior to others because they possess similar abilities but fewer limitations; for example, the Kiro Kiro no Mi user can make their weight a maximum of 10,000 kilograms (10 metric tons), while the Ton Ton no Mi user can increase their weight to thousands of metric tons. Additionally, the Supa Supa no Mi is inferior to the Buki Buki no Mi because the former can only generate blades on the body while the latter can generate blades in addition to many other weapons. However, having a superior Devil Fruit does not automatically make the user superior in combat.[40]

I don't know what kind of power you have, but your body is still intact. You don't seem to be a Logia-type.
— Kizaru to Basil Hawkins, noting that Hawkins had only covered his body in straw.

Protected, but not intangible.

Except for the Mochi Mochi no Mi, Paramecia fruits do not allow the user to transform into an intangible substance. Thus, they cannot phase through attacks like Logia users can. Caesar Clown reacted dismissively to Magellan's Paramecia Doku Doku no Mi in comparison to his own Logia Gasu Gasu no Mi, as although Magellan can create a large variety of poisons, he cannot transform his body into poison. Thus, although he can create a measure of self-defense by coating his body in poison, his flesh-and-blood body is always present and will be injured if anything strikes it.[41] In contrast, Caesar can use his Logia fruit to create poisonous gases in addition to turning his own body into gas, which will cause any attack not imbued with Busoshoku Haki to pass through it.[42] When Basil Hawkins took the form of a giant straw scarecrow, Kizaru was able to quickly damage his real body because it was only covered in straw, not transformed into it.[43] Although Trebol was able to hide his skinny body in a large mass of mucus and have a higher chance of avoiding attacks, he was immediately injured once Law was able to unleash an attack that struck his body under the mucus.[18] The Kira Kira no Mi's ability to turn the user's exterior body into diamond heavily resembles a Logia transformation, but has its differences, as the user will be impacted by attacks that can break through or circumvent their diamond defense, they cannot generate diamonds, and they cannot reform severed body parts.[44]

Certain Devil Fruits may tax the user's stamina, especially after heavy use. After creating biscuits on a constant basis for 11 hours, Cracker was shown to be growing very tired.[45] In order to maintain his "Room" with the Ope Ope no Mi, Law's stamina is drained,[46] and long-term activation of the Room can come at the cost of his lifespan.[47] Certain advanced Devil Fruit applications can also shorten a user's lifespan, such as the Chiyu Chiyu no Mi user using the advanced ability to restore inanimate objects.[48] The most extreme example of this is in the Ope Ope no Mi's Perennial Youth Operation, where the user will immediately die upon giving someone eternal life.[15]

The effects and creations of environment-altering and substance-generating fruits may cease to exist if the user is knocked unconscious or is severely injured.[49][50] Thus, if a Paramecia user seeks to create or maintain a long-term effect, they and their allies must be cautious about attempts to take them out and undo the effect. This was prominently seen with Sugar, who used the Hobi Hobi no Mi to turn people into toys over a ten-year span, and this effect was instantly broken when she was knocked out by Usopp.[51][52] Additionally, some fruit abilities may be manifested regardless of whether the user wants them to be, such as when Giolla was able to force Mansherry to use the Chiyu Chiyu no Mi by hitting her and causing her healing tears to fall.[53]

Paramecia users with specially transformed bodies, such as the Gomu Gomu no Mi and Mochi Mochi no Mi users, may prove susceptible to Busoshoku Haki-imbued attacks much like a Logia user, and can thus be injured by Haki attacks that would normally not harm them.[54][55]

Translation and Dub Issues

超人, usually read as chōjin, literally means "super-human". Paramecia (pl) though are in Latin context unicellular ciliate protozoa, also known as Lady Slippers.

In the Viz Manga, 4Kids dub, Funimation subtitles and the edited FUNimation dub, the word is translated into Paramythia, but in the uncut FUNimation dub, the word keeps its original name until the Water 7 Arc.


  • Paramecia are a species of microbe that flourishes in water; unlike Devil Fruit users, who lose their abilities in water.
  • The word Paramythia (Παραμύθια) is a Greek word that means "fairy tales".
  • Given that the Gomu Gomu no Mi was once a Mythical Zoan before being reclassified as a Paramecia, this technically makes the Paramecia class the second of the three types of Devil Fruit to be introduced in the story.
    • It is also the second type to be identified, and the second to introduce "awakened" users.


  1. 1.0 1.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 1 Chapter 1 and Episode 1, the concept of Paramecia Devil Fruits and Devil Fruits in general is introduced when Luffy eats the Gomu Gomu no Mi.
  2. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 27 Chapter 252 (p. 7) and Episode 165, Wyper establishes that Luffy's fruit is of the Paramecia class.
  3. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 10 Chapter 86 and Episode 39, Nojiko stretches Luffy's neck while he is underwater.
  4. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 86 Chapter 863 (p. 15) and Episode 833, Jinbe notes the Mochi Mochi no Mi is a "special Paramecia".
  5. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 86 Chapter 865 (p. 7) and Episode 835, Katakuri's head turning into high-viscosity mochi to block off Bege's Tommy Gun bullets.
  6. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 87 Chapter 871 (p. 13-14) and Episode 842, Ichiji blows Katakuri apart, only for him to be reformed.
  7. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 87 Chapter 879 (p. 9) and Episode 851, Katakuri transforms into mochi to let Luffy's attacks pass through him.
  8. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 88 Chapter 881 (p. 17) and Episode 854, Katakuri unveils his trident hidden within his mochi arm.
  9. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 58 (p. 24).
  10. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 46 Chapter 448 (p. 9-10) and Episode 342, Franky, Luffy, and Zoro are made negative by the Negative Hollows.
  11. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 44 Chapter 426 (p. 13) and Episode 309, Zoro vs. Shu
  12. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 55 Chapter 537 and Episode 438, Magellan states he used too much poison while in the toilet.
  13. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 70 Chapter 694 and Episode 620, Baby 5 regenerates herself from the missile fragments.
  14. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 77 Chapter 765 (p. 2-17) and Episode 704, Rosinante discusses the Ope Ope no Mi and makes plans to feed it to Law.
  15. 15.0 15.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 76 Chapter 761 (p. 7-9) and Episode 700, Doflamingo and Law discuss about the Ope Ope no Mi's powers and value.
  16. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 71 Chapter 701 and Episode 631, The Fuku Fuku no Mi is used to give the Straw Hats disguises.
  17. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 70 Chapter 692 (p. 14) and Episode 618, Buffalo uses the Guru Guru no Mi to fly.
  18. 18.0 18.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 78 Chapter 783 and Episode 725, Trebol tricks Luffy into thinking his substance is a Logia's.
  19. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 14 Chapter 125 (p. 6) and Episode 76, Mr. 3 creates Candle Champion to fight against Luffy.
  20. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 54 Chapter 531 and Episode 432, Magellan uses Hydra on a prisoner.
  21. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 83 Chapter 838 (p. 7-9) and Episode 799, Cracker creates several soldier golems out of biscuits.
  22. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 91 Chapter 913 (p. 8-11) and Episode 898, Hawkins uses "Straw Man's Card".
  23. 23.0 23.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 78 Chapter 785 (p. 8) and Episode 727, Doflamingo explains the power that an Awakened Devil Fruit grants.
  24. One Piece Manga — Vol. 88 Chapter 882.
  25. One Piece Movie — One Piece: Stampede, Bullet's abilities are seen.
  26. One Piece Manga — Vol. 102 Chapter 1030 (p. 14-17).
  27. One Piece Movie — One Piece Film: Gold, Carina explains Tesoro's awakened ability.
  28. One Piece Manga — Vol. 95 Chapter 964 (p. 10).
  29. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 65 Chapter 643 (p. 9) and Episode 565.
  30. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 80 Chapter 798 (p. 3-4) and Episode 742, Mansherry's power is shown to have its side effects.
  31. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 25 Chapter 232 and Episode 151, Luffy defeats Bellamy with one punch.
  32. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 60 Chapter 585 (p. 2) and Episode 496, Luffy's early attempts to use his ability to fight go awry.
  33. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 564 (p. 6-12) and Episode 473.
  34. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 75 Chapter 751 (p. 5-7) and Episode 687, Fujitora summons a meteor whose impact threatens a large part of the town around him.
  35. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 89 Chapter 894 (p. 11-12) and Episode 868, Smoothie attacks the Thousand Sunny.
  36. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 34 Chapter 317 and Episode 219, Luffy uses a mirror shard redirect the Noro Noro Beam back to Foxy.
  37. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 76 Chapter 754 (p. 15) and Episode 691, Bartolomeo says his barrier cannot become large enough to stop Pica's giant fist.
  38. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 48 Chapter 461 (p. 14-16) and Episode 356, Usopp is unaffected by the power of the Negative Hollows due to already being negative.
  39. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 53 Chapter 518 (p. 3-5) and Episode 412, Luffy is unaffected by the Mero Mero Mellow.
  40. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 79 (p. 100), Oda officially clarifies certain Devil Fruit superiorities.
  41. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 55 Chapter 534 (p. 18-19) and Episode 435, Luffy hits Magellan, but gets poison on his arm in the process.
  42. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 68 Chapter 671 (p. 6-9) and Episode 597.
  43. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 52 Chapter 509 (p. 15-17) and Episode 402.
  44. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 58 Chapter 569 (p. 7) and Episode 478.
  45. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 84 Chapter 841 (p. 16-17) and Episode 805.
  46. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 71 Chapter 710 (p. 8) and Episode 639.
  47. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 78 Chapter 781 (p. 9-10) and Episode 722.
  48. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 77 Chapter 775 (p. 3) and Episode 715, Giolla reveals the Chiyu Chiyu no Mi's power to restore inanimate objects.
  49. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 73 Chapter 722 and Episode 653, Brook defeats Giolla and undoes her art transformations.
  50. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 87 Chapter 878 and Episode 849, Perospero's candy creations melt away after he is engulfed in Pedro's explosion.
  51. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 73 Chapter 731 and Episode 663.
  52. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 7475 Chapters 742743 and Episodes 676677, Usopp knocks out Sugar and undoes the effects of her power.
  53. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 77 Chapter 774 and Episode 714.
  54. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 52 Chapter 511 (p. 13-14) and Episode 403, Sentomaru harms Luffy by projecting Haki from his open palm.
  55. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 88 Chapter 884 and Episode 857, Luffy strikes Katakuri's mochi body using Haki.

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