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The Poneglyphs are large, mysterious steles with historical knowledge inscribed on them in an ancient script. They are scattered among the islands across the world, and it is said that the only person left in the world who can read them is Nico Robin.[4]

Appearance and Type

Poneglyphs are massive, cubic steles made of a currently unidentified, indestructible type of stone.[5] They have text written in an ancient script carved into them, usually on one of their six sides. There are a total of three types of Poneglyphs scattered across the world; Historical Poneglyphs, Instructional Poneglyphs, and Road Poneglyphs:

  • "Historical Poneglyphs" reveal pieces of ancient history, as well as messages written by ancient people.
  • "Instructional Poneglyphs" contain instructions and/or clues about the locations of Historical Poneglyphs.[6]
  • Road Poneglyphs (ロード歴史の本文ポーネグリフ Rōdo Pōnegurifu?, literally meaning "Road Text of History") detail a location. The combined locations detailed by all four Road Poneglyphs allows one to locate Laugh Tale.[7]

Both Historical and Instructional Poneglyphs are a dark-blue color, while the Road Poneglyphs are a deep red color.


The three types of Poneglyphs, with the Road Poneglyphs and Poneglyphs making up the Rio Poneglyph circled.

According to Tamago, there are a total of thirty Poneglyphs in the world.[8] Each Historical Poneglyph tells a piece of history long forgotten.[5] This history includes the three Ancient Weapons: Pluton,[9] Poseidon[6] and Uranus.[10] The four Road Poneglyphs each identify a location which form a map leading to the final island in the Grand Line, Laugh Tale. They are sought by several organizations interested in the treasure located on Laugh Tale: two of the Four Emperors, Charlotte Linlin and Kaidou, have each claimed possession of a Road Poneglyph.[11]

Being the pinnacle of Wano's supreme craftsmanship by ancient Kozuki stonemasons, the steles are impervious to any damage, even from explosions.[12]

The Rio Poneglyph (真の歴史の本文リオ・ポーネグリフ Rio Pōnegurifu?, literally meaning "True Text of History") is, according to Robin, the message carried by all the Poneglyphs along the Grand Line. It is rumored to contain the true history of the world (including the "Void Century" of which research is forbidden).[9] In order to find it, one must take all other passages from the other Poneglyphs with them on their travels.[6] Gol D. Roger seemed to have accomplished this task, according to Rayleigh.[13] According to Tamago, the Rio Poneglyph is in fact composed of only nine Poneglyphs.[8]

In the eyes of the World Government, they are dangerous artifacts; however, despite the World Government declaring the Poneglyphs dangerous because of the weapons, the reality is that the ideals of the fallen Kingdom written on some of the stones are far more dangerous than any of the weapons.[5] Gol D. Roger managed to follow the passage of the Poneglyphs because he could hear "the voice of all things" and thus uncovered the truth of the Void Century with his crew, but Silvers Rayleigh notes that what they learned may be interpreted differently depending on one's point of view.[13]

Cultural Significance

Keep thy motives in heart, with closed mouth. We are those who will weave history with the ringing of the great belfry.
— Words inscribed on the Shandora ruins.[14]

After they were completed, the stones were left in the care of ancient civilizations and protected by the descendants of these civilizations for many generations, as seen in both Arabasta and Shandora. The Shandorian Poneglyph was a fiercely guarded treasure of the Shandia people, and they felt a deep connection to it - particularly the Golden Bell built around it[15] - that was passed down to the present era, where the descendants of those who fought and died to protect it still put their lives on the line to reclaim it, along with their homeland, even though they had long forgotten about the existence of the Poneglyph itself.[16] They still cherish what it represents a great deal. The shaman of their people openly wept upon hearing that they had fulfilled the wishes of their ancestors by passing its information on to Nico Robin, thus relieving them of their centuries-long duty.[6]

Unlike its Shandorian counterpart that was guarded by its people to protect the information it contained, it is clear that the hidden nature of the Arabasta Poneglyph was to conceal its existence from the people and not to protect it, as Arabasta is a founding affiliate of the World Government, united against the creators of the Poneglyph. This is inferred by Robin in her conversation with the King of Arabasta, Nefertari Cobra, when she scoffs at and rebukes his statement about a hereditary charge of the monarchy to "protect" the stone, though he was truthfully unaware of the deeper reasons or motives of its concealment decided long before his time.[17]

The contents of a Poneglyph being copied.

Due to its ties with the Kozuki Family, the Mokomo Dukedom is somewhat knowledgeable about Poneglyphs despite being unable to read them, as they are aware of the existence of the Road Poneglyphs[7] and Nekomamushi reveals that it is possible to print a Poneglyph's text onto paper in a similar manner to woodblock printing, simultaneously proving that it is possible to copy the text written on a Poneglyph and record it on a rubbing of a different material that lacks a Poneglyph's indestructibility.[18]

Ancient Script

The words that are casually written here... They're the same script as those on the Poneglyphs. The only people who knew how to use these symbols were the ones who created the Poneglyphs.
— Robin on the ancient script.[14]

Ancient script written independently from Poneglyphs.

The text on the Poneglyphs is written in an ancient script (古代文字 kodai moji?). This writing system was apparently unique to the civilization who carved their history onto the Poneglyphs. However, the ancient script was not exclusively used for Poneglyphs, as some ruins in Shandora contained writing in the same script.[14]

Attempting to research this script is deemed a crime by the World Government,[19] but the archaeologists of Ohara led by Professor Clover were able to decipher the ancient script after years of research in secrecy.[5] However, they were subsequently discovered by the Government and erased by a Buster Call. The sole survivor of this purge was Nico Robin, who had managed to learn the script at the age of eight by spying on the team of archaeologists.[20]

The Kozuki Family were master philologists who created the Poneglyphs and inscribed its language. They passed down the knowledge of how to read Poneglyphs including the skill to write its ancient language within their family up to Kozuki Oden's generation. Also a member of Roger's crew, Oden journeyed to Laugh Tale with him and, like Roger, could decipher the Rio Poneglyph. Oden was executed by Kaidou and the Shogun of Wano Country Kurozumi Orochi after he refused to tell them a secret he knew (presumably either the location of Laugh Tale, One Piece, knowledge of what was written on the Rio Poneglyph, or how to read Poneglyphs), preventing Oden from passing on the literacy of the Poneglyphs to his children, Kozuki Momonosuke and Kozuki Hiyori, and leaving Robin as the only known individual who can decipher the ancient text.[21]

List of Known Poneglyphs

Poneglyphs can be divided into three types that deal with the knowledge they contain: Historical, Instructional, and Road.

Location Contents Image
Historical Poneglyphs
Tree of Knowledge basement; Ohara[19][12] This Poneglyph includes information about the Void Century, including the name of the Great Kingdom.[5] The Poneglyph in Ohara.
The Tomb of the Kings; Alubarna; Arabasta This Poneglyph details the location of Pluton.[9] According to Nefertari Cobra, his family has protected the stone for centuries, though Robin implies that they were actually hiding it from the people and the World Government.[17] The Poneglyph within Arabasta's royal tomb.
Sea Forest; Ryugu Kingdom; Fish-Man Island Nico Robin initially believed that this Poneglyph held vital information to understanding the Void Century;[22] however, upon finding it, she noted that it was different than the other Poneglyphs she had found, reading more like an apology letter than a historical text. The message was written by a man from the surface known as "Joy Boy".[23] In the message, he apologizes to the people of Fish-Man Island for breaking his part of a promise, which involved returning to Fish-Man Island to carry out Noah's purpose.[24] Joy Boy's Poneglyph in the Sea Forest.
Golden Belfry of Shandora This Poneglyph details the location of another ancient weapon, Poseidon.[6] It was protected by the Shandia for centuries[15] until Robin deciphered it.[6] The Poneglyph under the belfry.
Road Poneglyphs
The Whale Tree, Zou Hidden within the Whale Tree, this Road Poneglyph contains information that, when combined with the information on the other three Road Poneglyphs, will reveal the location of Laugh Tale. Zou's Road Poneglyph.
The Room of Treasure; Whole Cake Chateau; Whole Cake Island; Totto Land This Road Poneglyph is currently within the possession of Charlotte Linlin and her crew.[11] During the Sanji Retrieval Team's invasion of Totto Land, it was heavily guarded within the Room of Treasure.[8] A copy of it is currently in the Straw Hat Pirates' possession.[25] Big Mom's Road Poneglyph.
Wano Country This Road Poneglyph is currently within the possession of Kaidou and his crew.[11] Road Poneglyphs.png
Fish-Man Island , Unknown At least 25 years ago, this Poneglyph was located at the Sea Forest next to Joy Boy's apology message.[26] At a certain point later, the Road Poneglyph whereabouts became unknown and it is currently considered lost.[11] Fish-Man Island Road Poneglyph.
Poneglyphs of Unknown Purpose
Unknown While she was on the run as a pre-teen, Robin found a Poneglyph in a wooded area. Its precise location was not revealed, the Poneglyph was not named, and its contents are unknown.[27] An unnamed Poneglyph.
Coastal Ruins , with Jinbe 
The Room of Treasure; Whole Cake Chateau; Whole Cake Island; Totto Land
This Poneglyph was found by locals who showed it to Jinbe after Wadatsumi threw some underwater ruins onto dry land.[28] As Jinbe and Wadatsumi left, they took the Poneglyph with them.[29] This Poneglyph was later delivered to Charlotte Linlin,[30] which she had placed in her Room of Offerings after the Sanji Retrieval Team invaded Totto Land.[8] A copy of it is currently in the Straw Hat Pirates' possession.[25] The Poneglyph found in the coastal ruins.
The Room of Treasure; Whole Cake Chateau; Whole Cake Island; Totto Land Big Mom has acquired a Poneglyph through unknown means, and it has been placed under heavy guard alongside her two other Poneglyphs in her Room of Treasure following the Sanji Retrieval Team's invasion of Totto Land.[8] A copy of it is currently in the Straw Hat Pirates' possession.[25] Big Mom's Second Poneglyph.
Orochi Castle basement; Flower Capital; Wano Country Found by Brook in his soul form while the Ninja-Pirate-Mink-Samurai Alliance collected intel before their attack. It is behind a very firm door and surrounded by kokeshi dolls.[31] NoPicAvailable.png
Unknown A Poneglyph discovered during Gol D. Roger's last journey.[26] An unnamed Poneglyph
Skull Dome second basement; Onigashima; Wano Country A Poneglyph found by Trafalgar D. Water Law while searching for the Road Poneglyph on Onigashima.[32] An unnamed Poneglyph in Onigashima



Record of the Void Century

The Kozuki Family carves text into the Poneglyphs.

800 years ago, in the Wano Country, a clan of master stonemasons known as the Kozuki Family invented indestructible block shaped steles for the purpose of recording important history on them while preventing it from being destroyed. Those steles would become the Poneglyphs.[3]

The steles were written to preserve the events of the Void Century.[5] After the Void Century ended, the stones were left in the guardianship of the descendants of ancient civilizations, who guarded them from people seeking to destroy or claim them.[15][17] The World Government, in an attempt to cover up the events of the Void Century,[5] made researching and deciphering Poneglyphs a crime punishable by death. However, this did not stop others from gaining possession of Poneglyph knowledge,[19] transferring the cryptic language on the Poneglyphs to paper in hopes of finding someone who can read it,[18] or keeping the stones themselves in their own possession in order to gain superiority over those looking for them.[11]

Gol D. Roger's Attempt

39 years before the current storyline, Roger and his crew reached Lodestar Island at the end of the Grand Line and learned about the existence of the Poneglyphs, prompting them to look for the steles across the world. 13 years later, after encountering the Whitebeard Pirates, Roger met Kozuki Oden and learned about his knowledge regarding reading the writing on the stones. Roger then begged Whitebeard to allow Oden to join him, and Oden agreed.[33]

At some point, either before or after recruiting Oden, Roger managed to copy Big Mom's Road Poneglyph.[34]

I have come here and will lead this passage to the farthest ends of the world.
— Gol D. Roger[6]

Roger's message in the ancient language carved by Kozuki Oden.

Shortly after Oden joined the crew, the Roger Pirates traveled to Skypiea and found the Shandorian Golden Belfry Bell. Oden deciphered the message on the Poneglyph and wrote Roger's own message beside it.[6][35]

After leaving Skypiea, the crew traveled to Water 7, and Roger learned en-route about the Road Poneglyphs at Wano Country and Zou, now having information about all of them, including the copy he had from Big Mom's and a hunch that the Sea Forest near Fish-Man Island held another one. The crew then continued sailing across the world and eventually reached Fish-Man Island, proving Roger's guess correct as they found the Road Poneglyph and learned the truth about Poseidon.

Returning to the New World, the crew reached Wano Country and read the Road Poneglyph there. Around the same time, Oden's wife, Toki, became ill and decided to stay in Wano with their children, Momonosuke and Hiyori, and Oden's retainers, allowing Oden to finish his quest.

Arriving at Zou, Roger used a recommendation from Nekomamushi in order to gain access to the Road Poneglyph in the Whale Tree.

Following the directions, the Roger Pirates drew a course towards the final island, and according to Oden's log, they learned the truth about the Void Century, the Will of D., and the Ancient Weapons. They also found the treasure left there by Joy Boy. Upon reaching their destination, the Roger Pirates burst into laughter, causing Roger to name the island Laugh Tale, as news of his achievement spread throughout the world, earning him the title of the "Pirate King".[36][13]

The Demons of Ohara

The researchers on Ohara decided to study their island's Poneglyph in an attempt to discover the missing history of the world.[19] However, they were limited by lack of access to and knowledge of the other Poneglyphs, and thus sent out researchers to find more information on them, knowing the study of the Poneglyphs was illegal.

Nico Olvia, along with thirty-three other archaeologists, set out to sea. Sadly, their attempt failed and they were intercepted by the Marines, leaving Olvia as the sole survivor. The Marines found information among the belongings of the dead researchers that allowed them to trace the team back to Ohara, and a CP9 unit was sent to investigate. The World Government had always been wary of the scholars because of their knowledge, but researching the Poneglyphs meant they had an excuse to act against them.[37]

Olvia escaped the Marines with the help of Jaguar D. Saul[38] and managed to return to Ohara in time to warn her comrades about the Marines heading their way. However, CP9 had already arrived on the island[37] and a Buster Call attack commenced after Clover revealed that he had discovered the knowledge held by the Poneglyph in the Tree of Knowledge.[39] Ohara was destroyed, wiping out the entire Island and all of its inhabitants with the exception of Nico Robin, who managed to flee in the process, leaving the fate of the Ohara Poneglyph a mystery.[20]

During her time on the run, Robin deciphered at least one Poneglyph and constantly strove to find others.[27]

Nox Expedition Party\Pirate Mission

Thirteen years before the start of the series, the Nox Expedition Party set sail from Zou as explorers in search for Poneglyphs for their master Nekomamushi. However, as the research of Poneglyphs is considered a crime by the World Government, the party was labeled as criminals and became the Nox Pirates, with Pedro gaining a bounty. At some point, the crew suffered wounds and loss of morale, causing all members apart from the captain Pedro and crewmate Zepo to retire. Pekoms led those who could no longer continue on the journey, and their group ended up arriving in the territory of the Emperor Big Mom. Their lives were saved and they were taken under her protection.

Five years ago, Pedro and Zepo set their sights on Big Mom's Poneglyph and entered Totto Land, where they discovered Pekoms had joined her crew.[40] Pedro and Zepo suffered a massive defeat.[41] Zepo spun Big Mom's roulette wheel and landed on a punishment of losing 100 years of life; however, he only had 30 left, so after killing him with her powers, Big Mom turned to Pedro to take the remaining 70. Pekoms convinced Big Mom to reduce the price, but she only went down a decade because she was mad at Pedro for taking Tamago's left eye, so Pedro removed his own left eye and claimed that he had to return to Zou in order to witness the "dawn of this world"; impressed by this, Big Mom took only 50 years off his lifespan.[42][41]

Arabasta Saga

Arabasta Arc

Crocodile targeted the Arabasta Kingdom because of its Poneglyph, which contained information on the whereabouts of Pluton, and created the Baroque Works syndicate in an attempt to bring down the Arabasta Kingdom and claim Pluton,[43] employing Robin to read the Poneglyph. When Robin finally got the chance to read this Poneglyph, however, she lied about its contents, which caused Crocodile to turn against her because he no longer needed her. Due to the ferocious battle between Monkey D. Luffy and Crocodile, compounded by an attempt from King Nefertari Cobra to crush Crocodile underneath the rubble by displacing a pillar,[44] the Tomb of the Kings where the Poneglyph was held became unstable and began collapsing around them.[45] Luffy saved Robin and Cobra, but the Poneglyph was buried in the collapse.[9]

Sky Island Saga

Skypiea Arc

Robin joined the Straw Hat Pirates, claiming Luffy was responsible for her continued existence,[9] and traveled with them to Skypiea where another Poneglyph was held. There was a wall in the Shandorian ruins cryptically describing the location of the Poneglyph in the same runes that the Poneglyphs themselves were inscribed with.[14] The Poneglyph itself, located at the base of the Golden Belfry, contained details about Poseidon and a message written by Roger, telling further researchers to keep going forward. According to Gan Fall, he had no idea when or how Roger managed to reach the Poneglyph on top of Giant Jack. Robin informed the Shandia that their duty to protect the stone was over, freeing them from their ancestors' burden.[6]

Summit War Saga

Sabaody Archipelago Arc

At the Sabaody Archipelago, Roger's first mate, Silvers Rayleigh, mentioned to Robin during the Straw Hats' meeting with him that he knows what the Void Century is and that Roger solved the mysteries of the Poneglyphs; however, he also admitted that saying what it was would take away the impact or any further interpretations of the lost history, due to his crew not being proper historians like the Ohara scholars, before telling Robin to search out the Poneglyphs and draw her own conclusions regarding the lost history. Despite this, Rayleigh offered Robin the chance to hear the information from him, but she declined his offer and chose to continue to pursue the Poneglyphs herself.[13]

Fish-Man Island Saga

Fish-Man Island Arc

After arriving at the Sea Forest, Robin read the Poneglyph there[23] and discovered that it was engraved with an apology letter from a man known as Joy Boy to Poseidon.[24]

Four Emperors Saga

Zou Arc

When Jack and the Beasts Pirates invaded Zou to look for Raizo of Wano Country, the Mink Tribe chained him to the Road Poneglyph within the Whale Tree to keep him from showing himself. Seventeen days later, the Straw Hats, Trafalgar D. Water Law, and Raizo's samurai comrades freed him from the Poneglyph. When Robin noted its red color, Duke Inuarashi explained that it had a different purpose than the normal blue Poneglyphs did and gave her permission to read it.[46]

After Robin deciphered the Road Poneglyph, Inuarashi explained its purpose of revealing the location of Laugh Tale when its information was combined with that of the other three Road Poneglyphs.[7]

The Upcoming Levely

Cobra and his daughter Nefertari Vivi left Arabasta to attend Levely.[47] Despite his ill health, Cobra wished to attend because he planned to ask the World Government about Poneglyphs, a desire he has held ever since his encounter with Robin.[48]

Whole Cake Island Arc

Charlotte Linlin's Road Poneglyph became a target of interest for the Straw Hat Pirates when they invaded her country in order to retrieve Sanji from her clutches.[41] Brook and Pedro underwent their own side operation to create a copy of the Poneglyph while the rest of the crew focused on Sanji, and eventually, Brook was able to break into her Poneglyph storehouse and defeat her guards. Linlin subdued him personally for this, and after defeating him, she recounted how she failed to stop Gol. D Roger from breaking into the very same room over twenty years ago to interpret the Poneglyph.

Linlin also revealed that members of the Three-Eye Tribe have the potential to awaken the ability to "hear the Voice of All Things" just as Roger did, and currently, she is waiting for her daughter Charlotte Pudding (who is a human and three-eye hybrid) to awaken this ability and lead her to Laugh Tale.[34]

Despite being defeated, Brook is later revealed to have successfully created copies of Linlin's three Poneglyphs, so the Straw Hats now have access to the information of two of the Road Poneglyphs.[25]

Wano Country Arc

After the infiltration at Orochi Castle, Brook informed Robin about the Poneglyph he found in the basement, and told her about its ordinary color, leading her to theorize that the Road Poneglyph is on Onigashima.[31]

During the Fire Festival at Onigashima, Law found a Poneglyph at level two below the base, but it is not a Road Poneglyph.[32]

Anime and Manga Differences

Zoro and Chopper looking at the first Poneglyph shown in the anime.

In the anime, the first Poneglyph was seen in Arabasta in Episode 102, when Luffy, Zoro, and Chopper were lost in the desert and fell through the top of an ancient ruin where a Poneglyph was seen half-buried in the sand. However, it bears no significance to the series, since it was shown in a filler episode.


  • Poneglyphs seemed to be heavily based on the real-life Egyptian hieroglyphs, as they both have "-glyph" at the end of them and they both have ancient text written on them.
    • The term hieroglyphs is also sometimes used pejoratively to refer to very scruffy or otherwise illegible writing. This might be supposed to reflect the nature of the poneglyphs, which are incomprehensible to most people.
    • The first time Poneglyphs appear in the series is in Arabasta, which is a giant desert nation, which could be a reference to Egypt, a real-life ancient desert nation where the hieroglyphs originate.
  • The word "Poneglyph" likely stems from the words pone ("to put") and glyph ("writing"), literally meaning "placeable writing".


  1. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 22 Chapter 202 (p. 18) and Episode 123, Robin finds Arabasta's Poneglyph.
  2. One Piece Anime — Episode 102, Luffy, Zoro, and Chopper find a Poneglyph.
  3. 3.0 3.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 818 (p. 13) and Episode 770, Nekomamushi reveals that the Kozuki Clan created the Poneglyphs.
  4. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 398 (p. 3) and Episode 278, Robin is declared a high priority target of the World Government as the only person alive who can read the Poneglyphs.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 395 (p. 6-8) and Episode 277, Clover states that the Great Kingdom carved their history onto the Poneglyphs.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 32 Chapter 301 (p. 10-15) and Episode 194, Robin reads the Shandorian Poneglyph and informs the Shandia that they no longer need to protect it.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 818 (p. 4-7) and Episode 769, Inuarashi explains the purpose of the Road Poneglyphs.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 84 Chapter 846 (p. 12-15) and Episode 812, Tamago explains why the Road Poneglyph has been put under heavy guard.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 24 Chapter 218 (p. 3-8) and Episode 130, Robin talks about her quest for the Rio Poneglyph.
  10. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 66 Chapter 650 (p. 2) and Episode 570, Robin mentions Uranus when speaking of the three ancient weapons.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 818 (p. 8-9) and Episode 770, Nekomamushi reveals that Big Mom and Kaidou each possess a Road Poneglyph.
  12. 12.0 12.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 395 (p. 3) and Episode 277, A Cipher Pol agent notes that they cannot damage the Poneglyph in the Tree of Knowledge, even with explosions.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 52 Chapter 507 (p. 5-7) and Episode 400, Rayleigh reveals that Roger and his crew deciphered the truth of the Void Century from the Poneglyphs because Roger could "hear the voice of all things".
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 29 Chapter 272 (p. 2-3) and Episode 174, Robin reads the words inscribed in the Shandora ruins.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 31 Chapter 290 (p. 9-10) and Episode 188, Kalgara explains the Shandia's duty of protecting the Poneglyph.
  16. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 27 Chapter 249 (p. 8) and Episode 163, Wiper reminds his fellow Shandia that Kalgara's final wish was for them to bring back the light of Shandora.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 22 Chapter 202 (p. 7) and Episode 123, Robin scoffs at Cobra's claim that the monarchy of Arabasta has protected the Poneglyph for generations.
  18. 18.0 18.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 818 (p. 10) and Episode 770, Nekomamushi explains how people simply copy down the information on Poneglyphs instead of taking entire stones with them.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 392 (p. 4-6) and Episode 275, Clover warns Robin about the research regarding the Poneglyph and the Void Century.
  20. 20.0 20.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 397 (p. 11-19) and Episode 278, Ohara and nearly all of its inhabitants are wiped out, leaving Robin as the sole survivor.
  21. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 818 (p. 14-17) and Episode 770, Oden is revealed to have traveled to Laugh Tale as part of the Roger Pirates and to have known how to read the Poneglyphs before he was executed by Kaidou and Wano Country's Shogun.
  22. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 63 Chapter 616 (p. 7) and Episode 535, Robin notes that the Poneglyph on Fish-Man Island should contain information about the Void Century.
  23. 23.0 23.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 64 Chapter 628 (p. 15) and Episode 548, Robin finds and reads the Ryugu Poneglyph.
  24. 24.0 24.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 66 Chapter 649 (p. 16-17) and Episode 569, Neptune explains the letter of apology Joy Boy wrote on the Ryugu Poneglyph.
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 85 Chapter 855 (p. 14) and Episode 824, Brook reveals that he successfully copied the Poneglyphs.
  26. 26.0 26.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 96 Chapter 967 (p. 8-10) and Episode 967, The Roger Pirates search for Poneglyphs.
  27. 27.0 27.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 398 (p. 7) and Episode 278, Robin finds and reads a Poneglyph in an unknown area as a pre-teen.
  28. One Piece Manga — Vol. 78 Chapter 778, cover story: Solo Journey of Jinbe, Knight of the Sea Vol. 23, The locals whom Jinbe saved find a Poneglyph in the coastal ruins.
  29. One Piece Manga — Vol. 78 Chapter 785, cover story: Solo Journey of Jinbe, Knight of the Sea Vol. 28, Jinbe takes the Poneglyph with him as he leaves.
  30. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 83 Chapter 829 (p. 17) and Episode 789, Big Mom thanks Jinbe for the Poneglyph he gave her earlier.
  31. 31.0 31.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 93 Chapter 934 (p. 9) and Episode 929, Brook tells Robin about the Poneglyph.
  32. 32.0 32.1 One Piece Manga — Vol. 99 Chapter 996 (p. 11-12), Law finds a poneglyph.
  33. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 96 Chapter 966 (p. 9-14) and Episode 966, Roger convince Oden to join him.
  34. 34.0 34.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 85 Chapter 853 (p. 4) and Episode 820, Big Mom says that Roger once read her poneglyph.
  35. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 96 Chapter 966 (p. 15-17) and Episode 966, The Roger Pirates travel to Skypiea.
  36. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 96 Chapter 967 (p. 3-19) and Episodes 967968, The Roger Pirates travel the world, searching for Poneglyphs.
  37. 37.0 37.1 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 393 (p. 9-11, 17) and Episode 276, Olvia reveals the fate of the research team and the World Government's response to learning they were from Ohara.
  38. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 396 (p. 14-15) and Episode 277, Saul helps Olvia escape from the Marines.
  39. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 41 Chapter 395 (p. 8-11) and Episode 277, One of the Five Elders has Spandine activate the Buster Call after Clover reveals he knows the name of the Great Kingdom.
  40. SBS One Piece Manga — Vol. 86 (p. 170), Oda explains the history of the Nox Pirates
  41. 41.0 41.1 41.2 One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 83 Chapter 830 (p. 12) and Episode 790, Pedro creates a plan to steal Big Mom's Road Poneglyph.
  42. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 85 Chapter 850 (p. 7-9) and Episode 816, The fate of the Nox Pirates is revealed.
  43. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 21 Chapter 193 (p. 10-14) and Episode 117, Crocodile reveals that finding and deciphering the Poneglyph has been his goal all along.
  44. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 22 Chapter 203 (p. 4-12) and Episode 123, Crocodile turns on Robin after she lies about the contents of Arabasta's Poneglyph, and Cobra attempts to kill Crocodile by causing the Tomb of the Kings to collapse.
  45. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 23 Chapter 210 (p. 16-17) and Episode 126, The Tomb of the Kings collapses after Luffy's battle with Crocodile.
  46. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 817 (p. 15-16) and Episode 769, Robin finds a Road Poneglyph in the Whale Tree and gets permission from Inuarashi to read it.
  47. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 822 (p. 17) and Episode 776, Cobra and Vivi prepare to leave Arabasta for the Levely.
  48. One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 82 Chapter 823 (p. 4) and Episode 777, Cobra reveals that he plans to attend the Levely in order to ask the World Government about Poneglyphs.

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